Father's literacy and support is an important factor associated with the well-being of the children. Polygamy is a serious issue and violates basic human rights for women and children. It is a well known fact that women have lower literacy rates as compared to men in Pakistan. The fertility rate in Pakistan is one of the highest in the whole world. Literature review supports a link between lower maternal literacy with higher family size. The present law protects a man's right to marry more than once.