Pomacle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pomacle
Pomacle is located in France
Pomacle
Pomacle
Coordinates: 49°20′09″N 4°08′53″E / 49.3358°N 4.1481°E / 49.3358; 4.1481Coordinates: 49°20′09″N 4°08′53″E / 49.3358°N 4.1481°E / 49.3358; 4.1481
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Marne
Arrondissement Arrondissement of Reims
Canton Canton of Bourgogne
Intercommunality Communauté de communes de la Plaine de Bourgogne
Government
 • Mayor Thierry Ruinart
Area
 • Land1 11.19 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 315
 • Population2 density 28/km2 (73/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 51439 / 51110

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pomacle is a French village, situated in the department of Marne, in the Champagne-Ardenne region.

History[edit]

The occupation of the territory of Pomacle has a strong history, as the archeological searches reveal. Based on the topographic dictionary of Marne, the term 'Pomacle' is certified for the first time in 1145 in the administrative archives from the village of Reims (Pomaclum). This took effect by the Papal bull of Pope Eugene III. It confirmed immunity for the abbey of Saint Remi of Reims and for its dependence.

The origin of the name Pomacle remains unknown. Perhaps the word "Pomum" should be understood with a Latin suffix, thus forming the equivalent of pometum or pomerutum and designate an orchard or fruit trees instead The second hypothesis is that the name of Pommacle comes from the name of a brook, a tributary of the Suippe which waters the Bazancourt area. A (historical document?) previous to 1312 Tells us that Pomacle was a dependent of the Dean of Lavannes and thus he became the region's benefactor. This document(?) also tells us that the church of Pomacle was placed under the double patronage of St Medard and St Gildart.

Pomacle suffered greatly in 1650 during the troubles of the Insurrection and during the First World War. On the second of September 1914, as the retreat of the French army continued, the inhabitants of Pomacle were forced to flee their village. However, they are rapidly over outstripped by the German army and had to make a U-turn and return to their homes. The victorious counter offensive forces the German army to retreat. The front is stabilized and Pomacle, now occupied finds itself for four years at the very edge of the combat zones. During the year 1917, the pressure of the French army became more pronounced and so the villagers were evacuated by order of the Germans on the 19th of March 1917 and directed through the railway(?) station to Douzy then to Villers-Cemay where they are accommodated in the homes of the locals. the families are then directed to the other villages in the neighbourhood.

At the end of the war, when the inhabitants of Pomacle returned, the church had been destroyed and the four fifths of the houses were seriously damaged. At first it was in these ruined houses that the Pomacains lived. Then at the request of the disaster victims the Office of Liberated Regions provided some prefabricated huts for their use. For many, this temporary housing lasted at least 4 years.

The principal activity of Pomacle is farming. In 1933, it had 36 farms. In 1963, there were no more than 26, and Pomacle, at the end of the year 2000 counted 10 agricultural concerns to which should be added 6 businesses whose principal activity is not agricultural. The principal crops are wheat, alfalfa, barley and beets, to which can be added some other crops such as asparagus, orchard grass, tobacco and rapeseed. The yields have been largely increased during the last 50 years. From 30 quintals per hectare for wheat in 1949, the yields today are at about 90 to 110 quintals. The evolution is comparable for the beet crop. In 1949 the yields were slightly higher at 30 tons per hectare.

It is on this land that has taken place(?) on 21 August 1983 The Festival of Harvest the final local ploughing contest?? It is also at Pomacle that the world championship of ploughing with the association with Terre Attitude, that will take place from 16 to 19 September 1999.

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the community counted 386 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known by the censuses of the population made collaboratively since 1800. At the end of the 21st century, the censuses revealed towns with less than 10,000 inhabitants having place every five years, contrary to the other towns which had an investigation being carried on by a survey each year.

See also[edit]