Pomeranian Voivodeship

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For the historic voivodeship of the Polish Crown, see Pomeranian Voivodeship (1466–1772).
Pomeranian Voivodeship
Województwo Pomorskie
Voivodeship
Skyline of Pomeranian Voivodeship
Flag of Pomeranian Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Pomeranian Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Coordinates (Gdańsk): 54°22′N 18°38′E / 54.367°N 18.633°E / 54.367; 18.633
Country  Poland
Capital Gdańsk
Counties
Area
 • Total 18,293 km2 (7,063 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,201,069
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,478,802
 • Rural 722,267
Car plates G
Website http://www.woj-pomorskie.pl
  • further divided into 123 gminas

Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pomorskie Region, or Pomerania Province[1] (in Polish województwo pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ], in Kashubian Pòmòrsczé wòjewództwò), is a voivodeship, or province, in north-central Poland. It comprises most of Pomerelia (the easternmost part of historical Pomerania), as well as an area east of the Vistula River. The western part of the province, around Słupsk, belonged historically to Farther Pomerania, while Pomerelia and the eastern bank of the Vistula belonged to the historical region of Prussia. The central parts of the province are also known as Kashubia, named after the Kashubian minority. The provincial capital is Gdańsk.

The voivodeship was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg and Słupsk, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It is bordered by West Pomeranian Voivodeship to the west, Greater Poland and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeships to the south, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north. It also shares a short land border with Russia, on the Vistula Spit.

Gdańsk, the regional capital, forms part of the Tricity of Sopot, Gdańsk and Gdynia. The voivodeship also includes the narrow Hel Peninsula and the Polish half of the Vistula Spit. Other tourist destinations include Sopot, Jurata, Łeba, Władysławowo, Puck, Krynica Morska, Ustka, Jastarnia, Kuźnica, Bytów and many fishing ports and lighthouses.

The name Pomerania comes from Slavic po more, which means Land at the Sea.[2]

Cities and towns[edit]

The Hanseatic city of Gdańsk is the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship
Gdynia is one of three major seaports of Poland

The voivodeship contains 42 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006[3] ):

  1. Gdańsk (456,103)
  2. Gdynia (251,183)
  3. Słupsk (98,402)
  4. Tczew (60,263)
  5. Starogard Gdański (48,136)
  6. Wejherowo (45,170)
  7. Rumia (44,497)
  8. Sopot (39,836)
  9. Chojnice (39,716)
  10. Malbork (38,478)
  11. Kwidzyn (37,814)
  12. Lębork (35,069)
  13. Pruszcz Gdański (23,986)
  14. Kościerzyna (23,016)
  15. Reda (18,509)
  16. Bytów (16,715)
  17. Ustka (16,227)
  18. Kartuzy (15,263)
  19. Władysławowo (14,892)
  20. Człuchów (14,597)
  21. Puck (11,329)
  22. Miastko (10,987)
  23. Nowy Dwór Gdański (9,948)
  24. Sztum (9,945)
  25. Czersk (9,463)
  26. Prabuty (8,488)
  27. Pelplin (8,486)
  28. Skarszewy (6,824)
  29. Gniew (6,787)
  30. Żukowo (6,302)
  31. Czarne (5,917)
  32. Dzierzgoń (5,630)
  33. Debrzno (5,359)
  34. Brusy (4,582)
  35. Nowy Staw (4,447)
  36. Jastarnia (4,033)
  37. Hel (3,898)
  38. Kępice (3,829)
  39. Łeba (3,824)
  40. Skórcz (3,512)
  41. Czarna Woda (3,182)
  42. Krynica Morska (1,371)

Administrative division[edit]

Kartuzy
Wejherowo
Puck
Gdynia
Sopot
Gdańsk
Gdańsk
N. Dwór Gd.
Lębork
Słupsk
Słupsk
Tczew
Malbork
Sztum
Kwidzyn
Kościerzyna
Człuchów
Chojnice
Bytów
Starogard
Gdański
Słupsk is the largest city in the western part of the voivodeship
Tczew is the largest city of the ethnocultural region of Kociewie
Starogard Gdański is the capital of Kociewie
Sopot, is a resort town and one of the three settlements of the Tricity

Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 20 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 16 land counties. These are further divided into 123 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Gdańsk 262 456,103 1
Gdynia 136 251,183 1
Słupsk 43.15 98,402 1
Sopot 17.31 39,836 1
Land counties
Wejherowo County
powiat wejherowski
1,280 181,834 Wejherowo Rumia, Reda 10
Starogard County
powiat starogardzki
1,345 121,963 Starogard Gdański Skarszewy, Skórcz, Czarna Woda 13
Tczew County
powiat tczewski
698 112,614 Tczew Pelplin, Gniew 6
Kartuzy County
powiat kartuski
1,120 109,311 Kartuzy Żukowo 8
Słupsk County
powiat słupski
2,304 92,172 Słupsk * Ustka, Kępice 10
Chojnice County
powiat chojnicki
1,364 91,585 Chojnice Czersk, Brusy 5
Gdańsk County
powiat gdański
793 85,566 Pruszcz Gdański 8
Kwidzyn County
powiat kwidzyński
835 80,704 Kwidzyn Prabuty 6
Bytów County
powiat bytowski
2,193 75,313 Bytów Miastko 10
Puck County
powiat pucki
578 74,196 Puck Władysławowo, Jastarnia, Hel 7
Kościerzyna County
powiat kościerski
1,166 66,778 Kościerzyna 8
Lębork County
powiat lęborski
707 63,659 Lębork Łeba 5
Malbork County
powiat malborski
495 62,960 Malbork Nowy Staw 6
Człuchów County
powiat człuchowski
1,574 56,797 Człuchów Czarne, Debrzno 7
Sztum County
powiat sztumski
731 41,808 Sztum Dzierzgoń 5
Nowy Dwór Gdański County
powiat nowodworski (pomorski)
653 35,498 Nowy Dwór Gdański Krynica Morska 5
* seat not part of the county

Governors[edit]

Name Period
Tomasz Sowiński 1 January 1999 - 20 October 2001
Jan Ryszard Kurylczyk 20 October 2001 - 26 July 2004
Cezary Dąbrowski 26 July 2004 - 27 January 2006
Piotr Ołowski 27 January 2006 - 26 February 2007
Piotr Karczewski 22 May 2007 - 29 November 2007
Roman Zaborowski 29 November 2007 - 25 October 2011
Ryszard Stachurski 12 December 2011 – present

Economy[edit]

Sea port in Gdańsk
Polpharma pharmaceutical company in Starogard Gdański

Major corporations[edit]

Corporation name
Further information
Location Kind of activity
Energa Gdańsk Power Generator [1] Gdańsk energy supplies
Ergo Hestia [2] Sopot insurance
Gdańsk Repair Yard[3] Gdańsk repair shipyard
Gdynia Stocznia [4] Gdynia shipyard
GE Capital Bank[5] Gdańsk banking
Grupa LOTOS [6] Gdańsk petroleum products
Intel Technology Poland [7] Gdańsk hardware
International Paper Kwidzyn [8] Kwidzyn paper products
Lubiana [9] Łubiana near Kościerzyna china-ware manufacturer
Philips Consumer Electronics Kwidzyn electronics
Polpharma[10] Starogard Gdański medicines
Prokom Software [11] Gdynia software
Destylarnia Sobieski [12] Starogard Gdański distillery
Elnord [13] Gdańsk energy supplies
LPP [14] Gdańsk designing and distributing clothes
Source:[4]

Unemployment[edit]

Unemployment rate in Pomeranian Voivodeship by powiatships (counties) as of the end of 2006

Transport[edit]

Education[edit]

Faculty of Law of Gdańsk University in Gdańsk-Przymorze
Gdynia Maritime University

Higher education[edit]

Name Location Students
in thousands
total of which
women
Total - 97.9 55.3
Uniwersytet Gdański
(Gdańsk University)
Tricity 29.3 19.4
Politechnika Gdańska
(Gdańsk University of Technology)
Gdańsk 17.6 5.9
Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
(Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk)
Słupsk 8.1 6.0
Akademia Medyczna w Gdańsku
(Medical University of Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 4.2 3.1
Akademia Wychowanie Fizycznego i Sportu w Gdańsku
(Sports Academy in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 4.1 1.9
Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Gdańsku
(Arts Academy in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 0.9 0.7
Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte
(Polish Naval Academy)
Gdynia . .
Akademia Morska w Gdyni
(Gdynia Maritime University)
Gdynia . .
Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne
(Gdańsk Seminary)
Gdańsk . .
Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku
(The Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk . .
Data as of 31 November 2005, source http://www.stat.gov.pl

Protected areas[edit]

Dunes in Słowiński National Park

Protected areas in Pomeranian Voivodeship include two National Parks and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°11′43″N 18°00′59″E / 54.19528°N 18.01639°E / 54.19528; 18.01639