Tower blocks at Alma Road
Ponders End shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||EN1, EN3|
|London Assembly||Enfield and Haringey|
Ponders End is a place in the London Borough of Enfield, North London located in an area generally known as the Lea Valley. It is roughly located in the area either side of Hertford Road (High Street, Ponders End) between The Ride and the Boundary Public House (North to South) and Wharf Road and the Southbury railway station/Kingsway (East to West).
Ponders End is marked on the Ordnance Survey map of 1822. It was recorded in 1593 as Ponders ende meaning the "end or quarter of the parish associated with the Ponder family" from the Middle English ende. John Ponder is mentioned in a document of 1373; the surname is believed to mean a "keeper of, or dweller by, a fish-pond or mill-pond".
Through the 19th century the area became industrialised, due to its location in the Lea Valley corridor and the close proximity of the River Lee Navigation. The first major firm to arrive was Grout, Baylis & Co, who were established in Norwich in 1807 as crape manufacturers, the material being used for widows' weeds. They opened a dyeing and finishing plant in Ponders End two years later. Crape went out of fashion by late Victorian times, and the factory closed in 1894. The buildings were taken over by the United Flexible Tubing Company.
In 1866 the London Jute Works Company established a factory on the Navigation in a desolate area known locally as Spike Island. Many of the new employees came from Dundee, the traditional centre of the jute industry in Scotland. The jute works closed in 1882, to be replaced by the Ediswan factory. Over the years the factory was enlarged, eventually covering 11.50 acres (4.65 ha), and employing many people, notably girls, from the area. Ediswan produced electric lamps, and the factory was colloquially known as The Lamp. They also manufactured appliances for the shipping and aviation industries, mechanical pianos and butter makers.
To the south of Ponder's End Lock a factory making white lead was built in 1893. Located further south of that factory, the Cortecine works produced floor-cloth and carpet backing. By 1906 over 2000 people were employed in local factories. Another major industry in the latter years of the 19th century was horticulture. Tomatoes and cucumbers were the principal produce but flowers and fruit were also grown in the many orchards and greenhouses to the north of the locality. During World War I, a huge munitions factory, the Ponders End Shell Works was built in Wharf Road. The factory building was sold after the war. Further factories were built in the 1930s alongside the newly built Great Cambridge Road.
Today (2009) little remains of manufacturing and much of the area has given way to warehousing and residential developments. Aesica pharmaceutical manufacturers (formerly Thomas Morson Ltd)  closed its plant in 2011. Wright's Flour Mill, the oldest working industrial building in Enfield remains, with present day buildings dating back to the 18th century.
|“||It's as close as London gets to New Jersey. But it's one of my favourite places for walking, through the Lee Valley. It gets beautiful in that urban way, but then you go through soap factories up near Ponders End. It's got a wonderful, dislocated, alienated feeling||”|
— Jah Wobble
- Wright's Flour Mill The oldest working industrial building in Enfield.
- Ponders End Pumping Station. Built in 1899 by the East London Waterworks Company. In 1995 the half-timbered building was converted into a public house. The Navigation is now an outlet of the Harvester chain. It is located on the banks of the River Lee Navigation with views towards the grassed embankment of the King George V Reservoir, and close to Ponder's End Lock.
- River Lee Navigation
- The Overflow Channel TQ3648395954 is approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) long. Flowing from the River Lee Navigation above Ponders End Lock across South Marsh close to the King George V Reservoir and following the western perimeter of the William Girling Reservoir to merge with the River Lee Diversion at Edmonton.
Nearest railway stations
- Angel Road railway station
- Brimsdown railway station
- Edmonton Green railway station
- Ponders End railway station
- Southbury railway station
- James and John Chambers pioneers in South Australia involved in Stuart expeditions.
- John Hollowbread, footballer
- Christopher Hughes, former Mastermind and International Mastermind winner both in 1983.
- Stephen Mangan,actor.
- Dave Peacock, musician.
- Norman Tebbit, politician
The local newspapers are as of 2011-
After boundary changes in 2010 - Ponders End became one of seven wards which form the Edmonton parliamentary constituency. The MP for constituency is Andy Love, Labour Co-op who polled 21,665 votes (53.7%) at the General Election held on 6 May 2010.
- Ponders End consists of five polling districts, with six polling stations.
- Primary Schools: Kingfisher Hall Primary Academy, St Mary's RC Primary School, Alma Primary School, Southbury Primary School, St Matthew's CoE Primary School,
- Special schools: Waverley School
- Middlesex University, Enfield Campus (now closed)
- The College of Haringey, Enfield and North East London
Places of worship
- Church of St Matthew, Church of England 
- Church of Mary, Mother of God, Roman Catholic church 
- Jalalia Jamme Mosque 
- Lincoln Road Chapel, Lincoln Road. 
- Ponders End Methodist Church, High Street. 
- United Reformed Church, College Close, High Street. 
- Ponders End Park, formerly Ponders End Recreation Ground and Ryan's Park.
- Ponders End photographs
- Wrights flour mill
- Ponders End a history
- Ponders End flour mill conservation area
- Local Government Map of Ponders End Boundaries Retrieved February 28, 2008
- Mills, A, D, Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names (2004) p180 ISBN 0-19-860957-4 Retrieved 17 October 2008
- Godfrey A (notes to) Old Ordnance Survey Maps: Ponders End 1895 Alan Godfrey Maps, ISBN 1-84151-043-2 Retrieved 7 September 2009
- Ponders End history Retrieved 19 February 2011
- Thomas Morson Retrieved 8 September 2009
- Plant closure Retrieved 18 April 2011
- News report 8 August 2011
- Hatts, Leigh The Lea Valley Walk p99 ISBN 1-85284-522-8 Retrieved March 14, 2008
- Lea valley walk Retrieved May 15, 2008
- Chas and Dave Retrieved May 14, 2008
- History of Enfield Retrieved November 22, 2007
- Buildings of England London 4:North by Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner pg 451 ISBN 0-14-071049-3
- The Navigation Retrieved 13 July 2009
- "News, sport and local information for Enfield and surrounding areas". Enfieldindependent.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
- "The Enfield Advertiser". Mediauk.com. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
- Electoral boundaries Retrieved 15 April 2011
- Andy Love MP Retrieved 28 August 2010
- St Matthew's Ponders End Retrieved 25 May 2011
- Mary Mother of God RC church Retrieved 15 December 2010
- Ponders End mosque Retrieved 27 June 2009
- Lincoln Road chapel Retrieved 9 January 2013
- Ponders End Methodist church Retrieved 9 January 2013
- Ponders End United Reform church Retrieved 9 January 2013
- London Borough of Enfield parks Retrieved 23 July 2014