|The Pondo people|
The Pondo or Phondo are a Xhosa speaking ethnic group who have given their name to Pondoland, a sub-region comprising much of the northern seaboard of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The Pondo comprise several tribal groups, and after years of assimilation, are usually classed as a sub-group of the amaXhosa.
The Pondo Revolt (1960–1962) was the result of the resistance of the Pondo people against the implementation of the Bantu Authorities Act, part of the Apartheid legislation. Under the Apartheid ideology, separate development of the various ethnic groups of South Africa was proposed and part of that was to segregate black Africans into 'homelands' that were granted independence from South Africa.
Notes and references
- In Democracy Compromised (HSRC Press, 2007), Lugisile Ntsebeza argues that 'Phondo' is a better spelling than 'Pondo'
- Church and People: newspaper for the Diocese of St John's; July 1962. No. 7
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