Pondo people

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Imfene: Phondo Dance Festival, Kennedy Road Shack Settlement, Durban, December 2008
The Pondo people
Person umPondo
People amaPondo
Language isiXhosa
Country Pondoland

The Pondo or Phondo[1] are a Xhosa speaking ethnic group who have given their name to Pondoland, a sub-region comprising much of the northern seaboard of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The Pondo comprise several tribal groups, and after years of assimilation, are usually classed as a sub-group of the amaXhosa.

Their territory was annexed peacefully to the Cape Colony in 1884: missionary work had already begun in 1873 on the initiative of Henry Callaway, Bishop of St John's Kaffraria.[2]

The Pondo Revolt (1960–1962) was the result of the resistance of the Pondo people against the implementation of the Bantu Authorities Act, part of the Apartheid legislation. Under the Apartheid ideology, separate development of the various ethnic groups of South Africa was proposed and part of that was to segregate black Africans into 'homelands' that were granted independence from South Africa.

Transkei was the homeland that incorporated all of Pondoland and its people, in addition to other Xhosa tribes such as the Gcaleka, in what used to be the eastern reaches of the then Cape Province.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ In Democracy Compromised (HSRC Press, 2007), Lugisile Ntsebeza argues that 'Phondo' is a better spelling than 'Pondo'
  2. ^ Church and People: newspaper for the Diocese of St John's; July 1962. No. 7