Ponorogo Regency

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Ponorogo
Regency
A demonstration of Reog Ponorogo.
A demonstration of Reog Ponorogo.
Official seal of Ponorogo
Seal
Motto: Resik Endah Omber Girang Gemirang
Map of Ponorogo Regency
Map of Ponorogo Regency
Ponorogo is located in Java
Ponorogo
Ponorogo
Location in Java
Ponorogo is located in Indonesia
Ponorogo
Ponorogo
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°52′10″S 111°27′46″E / 7.86944°S 111.46278°E / -7.86944; 111.46278Coordinates: 7°52′10″S 111°27′46″E / 7.86944°S 111.46278°E / -7.86944; 111.46278
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Capital Ponorogo (city)
Government
 • Bupati H. Amin, SH.
Area
 • Total 1,371.78 km2 (529.65 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population
 • Total 855,281
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Website www.ponorogo.go.id

Ponorogo is one of the 21 regencies (kabupaten) of East Java, Indonesia. It is considered the birthplace of Reog Ponorogo a traditional Indonesian dance form.

Geography[edit]

Ponorogo is located in the southwestern part of the province of East Java on the border with Central Java province. It lies approximately 200 km south-west of Surabaya, the provincial capital of East Java. The regency lies between 92 and 2563 meters above sea level and covers an area of about 1,371 km2.

History[edit]

According to the Babad Ponorogo history, Ponorogo was founded when Bathoro Katong conquered the Wengker region. This region had previously been controlled by Suryo Ngalam Wengker. Bathoro Katong originally settled in modern-day Pekalongan in what is now the village Setono in district Jenangan. Though faced with many obstacles, Raden Katong, Aji Selo, and Ki Ageng Mirah and his family continued to establish settlements in the region.

With the consent of all parties, Bathoro Katong established the Duchy Ponorogo on 11 August 1496.[1] This date is celebrated as the founding of Ponorogo, and is corroborated by ancient objects, such as a pair of stone gilang located in front of the fifth gate of the Katong Batara tomb complex. The gilang contains the forms of a human meditating, trees, eagle and elephants (candrasengkala gilang memet); all of which combine to represent the Saka year 1496.

Culture[edit]

Ponorogo, generally considered the birthplace of Reog, is also known by the names City (of) Reog and City (of) Rasta. Each year in Muharram, Ponorogo holds a series of events called Grebeg Suro, "the party of the people". Grebeg Suro involves many traditional events such as the National Reog Festival, the Heritage Carnival and the Larungan Proceedings of Prayer, held at Lake Ngebel.

On August 11, the anniversary of the founding of the Ponorogo Regency is celebrated. It commemorates August 11, 1496, when Bathara Katong, the first leader of Ponorogo, went from the Old Town to the Central City of Ponorogo and crowned himself the first Duke of Ponorogo.

Ponorogo is also known for its culinary specialties such as Sate Ponorogo — grilled marinated chicken – served in peanut sauce, garnished with shredded shallots, chilli paste and lime juice.

Education[edit]

Ponogoro is home to many boarding schools, in particular, The Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor, which is located in the village of Gontor in the Mlarak district.

Sport and recreation[edit]

Telaga (lake) Ngebel covers approximately 150 hectares, and is popular for jet skiing and other water sports. The lake is roughly a one hour drive (about 30 kilometers) from Ponorogo or Madiun.[2]

Recognition[edit]

In the Otonomy Awards 2011, Ponorogo Regency received the Grand Award of Public Service Innovation. [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philips,, C.H., ed. (1951). Handbook of Oriental History. Royal Historical Society. p. 265. ASIN B0088L3G6I (UK). 
  2. ^ "Telaga ngebel - Ponorogo". Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.indopos.co.id/index.php/component/content/article/67-indo-reviews/13875-daerah-miskin-menangi-otonomi-awards-2011.pdf

External links[edit]