Pons Aemilius

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Pons Aemilius
Roma-ponterotto01.jpg
Remaining arch of the Pons Aemilius located in midstream
Official name Ponte Rotto
Carries Connection Forum Boarium-Trastevere
Crosses Tiber
Locale Rome, Italy
Design Arch bridge
Material Stone
Number of spans Originally 7
Construction end 142 BC (Stone bridge)

The Pons Aemilius (Italian: Ponte Emilio), today called Ponte Rotto, is the oldest Roman stone bridge in Rome, Italy. Preceded by a wooden version, it was rebuilt in stone in the 2nd century BC. It once spanned the Tiber, connecting the Forum Boarium with Trastevere; a single arch in mid-river is all that remains today, lending the bridge its name Ponte Rotto ("Broken bridge").

History[edit]

Classical antiquity[edit]

The oldest piers of the bridge were probably laid when the Via Aurelia was constructed in the mid-2nd century BC.[1] Titus Livius recorded that a bridge in the same location existed in 192 BC. The first stone bridge was constructed by Censor Marcus Fulvius Nobilior in the year 179 BC, although it was not completed until 151 BC.[2] The bridge's piers date from this early period, although its arches were constructed in 142 BC.[3] The bridge kept its place for several hundred years, although it was repaired and rebuilt both by Augustus,[4] and later by Emperor Probus in 208 AD.

Middle ages[edit]

Ponte Rotto (1690) by Van Wittel, showing the damage wrought by severe floods.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the bridge was damaged several times by floods, with each flood taking a greater and greater toll on the overall structure. It was first severely damaged in 1230 AD, after which is was rebuilt by Pope Gregory XI.[2] Later, the bridge was more seriously damaged by the flood of 1557, but again was later rebuilt by Pope Gregory XIII; the remnants of the bridge today still bear Latin inscriptions detailing Gregory XIII's renovation of the bridge.[5] Finally, floods in 1575 and 1598 carried the eastern half away, resulting in its abandonment as a functioning bridge for several centuries.[2][6] For many years, it was used a fishing pier.[7] In 1853, Pope Pius IX had the remnants of the bridge connected to the mainland via an iron footbridge, but the heavy metal weakened the structural integrity of the stone.[2][7] The remaining half was demolished in the 1887 to make room for the Ponte Palatino, leaving behind only one arch that remains to this day.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Claridge, Amanda (1998). Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
  2. ^ a b c d Railway Locomotives and Cars, Volume 66. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation. 1892. pp. 117–118. 
  3. ^ Boardman, Jonathan (2007). Rome: A Cultural History. Interlink Publishing. p. 19–20. ISBN 9781566567114. 
  4. ^ Balance, M. H. (1951). "The Roman Bridges of the Via Flaminia". British School at Rome. Retrieved March 7, 2014.  (subscription required)
  5. ^ Lansford, Tyler. The Latin Inscriptions of Rome: A Walking Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 9781421403250. Retrieved March 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Platner, Samuel (1929). Pons Aemilius. Oxford University Press. pp. 397–398. 
  7. ^ a b "Broken Bridge". Virtual Roma. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • O’Connor, Colin (1993), Roman Bridges, Cambridge University Press, pp. 67f., ISBN 0-521-39326-4 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ponte Rotto at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 41°53′22″N 12°28′46″E / 41.88944°N 12.47944°E / 41.88944; 12.47944