|Elevation||811–1,323 m (2,661–4,341 ft)
(avg. 837 m or 2,746 ft)
|Land area1||41.35 km2 (15.97 sq mi)|
|- Density||451 /km2 (1,170 /sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||25462/ 25300|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Pontarlier occupies the ancient Roman station of Ariolica, in Gallia and is placed in the Tables on the road from Urba (modern Orbe, Canton Vaud, Switzerland), to Vesontio (modern Besançon). Although the distances in the Antonine Itinerary do not agree with the real distances, French geographer D'Anville recognized a transposition of the numbers. The Theodosian Tabula names the place "Abrolica", which William Smith states as a possible error of transcription.
The city of Pontarlier is briefly mentioned in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables. It was to this city that convict Jean Valjean was to report for his parole after being released from the galleys. Breaking these instructions is a major turning point in the novel, and also creates some major conflict for Valjean later in the story.
Pontarlier was famous for the production of absinthe until its ban in 1915. The distilleries switched over to producing pastis. With the ban partially lifted in the 1990s, distilleries are once again producing absinthe in Pontarlier.
- Edgar Faure, member of the Académie française, president of the city council, and mayor
- Philippe Grenier, physician and politician
- Xavier Marmier, writer and poet
- Robert Fernier, painter
- Pierre Bichet, painter
- Vincent Defrasne, biathlete
- Florence Baverel-Robert, biathlete
- Triumphal arch of the Porte Saint-Pierre (18th century) ;
- Gate of the ancient church of the Annonciades (18th century) ;
- Stained glass created in 1976 by painter Alfred Manessier for Saint-Bénigne Church;
- Municipal museum, place d'Arçon ;
- Espera museum of Franco Sbarro : car design, prototypes, engines.
International relations 
Pontarlier is twinned with:
See also 
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–57). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
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