Pontarlier

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Pontarlier
Pontarlier2.jpg
Coat of arms of Pontarlier
Coat of arms
Pontarlier is located in France
Pontarlier
Pontarlier
Coordinates: 46°54′24″N 6°21′20″E / 46.9067°N 6.3556°E / 46.9067; 6.3556Coordinates: 46°54′24″N 6°21′20″E / 46.9067°N 6.3556°E / 46.9067; 6.3556
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Department Doubs
Arrondissement Pontarlier
Canton Pontarlier
Intercommunality Larmont
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Patrick Genre
Area
 • Land1 41.35 km2 (15.97 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 18,639
 • Population2 density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 25462 / 25300
Elevation 811–1,323 m (2,661–4,341 ft)
(avg. 837 m or 2,746 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Triumphal arch of the Porte Saint-Pierre

Pontarlier (French: [pɔ̃.taʁ.lje] ; Latin: Ariolica) is a commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the Doubs department in the Franche-Comté region near the Swiss border in eastern France.

History[edit]

Pontarlier occupies the ancient Roman station of Ariolica, in Gallia and is placed in the Tables on the road from Urba (modern Orbe, Canton Vaud, Switzerland), to Vesontio (modern Besançon). Although the distances in the Antonine Itinerary do not agree with the real distances, French geographer D'Anville recognized a transposition of the numbers. The Theodosian Tabula names the place "Abrolica", which William Smith states as a possible error of transcription.

The city of Pontarlier is briefly mentioned in Victor Hugo's Les Misérables. It was to this city that convict Jean Valjean was to report for his parole after being released from the galleys. Breaking these instructions is a major turning point in the novel, and also creates some major conflict for Valjean later in the story.

Pontarlier was famous for the production of absinthe until its ban in 1915. The distilleries switched over to producing pastis. With the ban partially lifted in the 1990s, distilleries are once again producing absinthe in Pontarlier.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 3,348 —    
1800 3,771 +12.6%
1806 3,526 −6.5%
1821 4,254 +20.6%
1831 4,707 +10.6%
1836 4,922 +4.6%
1841 4,965 +0.9%
1846 5,136 +3.4%
1851 4,953 −3.6%
1856 4,909 −0.9%
1861 5,007 +2.0%
1866 4,945 −1.2%
1872 4,975 +0.6%
1876 5,714 +14.9%
1881 6,118 +7.1%
1886 8,098 +32.4%
1891 7,187 −11.2%
1896 7,577 +5.4%
1901 7,963 +5.1%
1906 8,776 +10.2%
1911 9,439 +7.6%
1921 10,203 +8.1%
1926 11,827 +15.9%
1931 11,984 +1.3%
1936 12,840 +7.1%
1946 12,722 −0.9%
1954 13,768 +8.2%
1962 15,382 +11.7%
1968 16,442 +6.9%
1975 17,983 +9.4%
1982 17,781 −1.1%
1990 18,104 +1.8%
1999 18,360 +1.4%
2008 18,639 +1.5%

Personalities[edit]

Sights[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Pontarlier is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d’Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-20. 

External links[edit]