Ponte Vella

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Ponte Vella
Roman bridge, Ourense (Spain).jpg
Ponte Vella
Official name Ponte Vella
Other name(s) Ponte Romana
Ponte Maior
Crosses Minho River
Locale Ourense, Galicia, Spain
Design Arch bridge
Total length 373 metres (1,224 ft)
Longest span 43 metres (141 ft)
Clearance below 38 metres (125 ft)
Opened 1230
Daily traffic Accessible to pedestrians only
Coordinates 42°20′43″N 7°52′7″W / 42.34528°N 7.86861°W / 42.34528; -7.86861Coordinates: 42°20′43″N 7°52′7″W / 42.34528°N 7.86861°W / 42.34528; -7.86861
Pedestrians on the footbridge.

Ponte Vella (Galician, "old bridge", Ponte Romana (Roman bridge), Ponte Maior (high bridge)) is a medieval footbridge built on Roman foundations in Ourense, Spain. Located at the intersection of N120 and Rua Progreso,[1] it spans the Minho River. Its steep rise of 135 feet (41 m) above the Minho River makes for safe passage during flash floods.[2] At one time, it was considered to be the biggest bridge in all of Spain.[3]

Geography[edit]

The bridge is situated in front of a chapel, connecting Ourense and Santiago de Compostela.[4] The Ponte Maior was the only access across the Minho River until another bridge was constructed in 1816,[5] while Ponte Milenio, a modern bridge, was built later in the millennium.[6]

History[edit]

The original bridge across the Minho River was built during the first century rule of Emperor Augustus though other sources state that it was built during the Trajan period. A mention is made of this bridge in the will of Doña Urraca, where it is said that it was repaired with funds provided by Ferdinand III.[5][4][6] From the Middle Ages, it has provided access to the city of Ourense for trade and pilgrimage. The structure was rebuilt in 1230 by Bishop Lorenzo on Roman foundations (original piers[6]),[7][8] and repaired in 1449 by Bishop Pedro de Silva. It then measured 1,319 feet (402 m) long, with an arch span of 156 feet (48 m).[2] However, the main arch collapsed in 1499 and the bridge was rebuilt in 1679 to a length of 370 metres (1,210 ft) with seven arched spans, the main span measuring 43 metres (141 ft). The height of the bridge above the water level is 38 metres (125 ft).[2][5][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dunlop, Fiona (2012). National Geographic Traveler: Spain, Fourth Edition. National Geographic Society. pp. 98–. ISBN 978-1-4262-0955-0. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Ford, Richard (1878). A Handbook for Travellers in Spain (Public domain ed.). J. Murray. pp. 250–. 
  3. ^ Thomas, Hugh (1 January 2009). Eduardo Barreiros and the Recovery of Spain. Yale University Press. pp. 26–. ISBN 978-0-300-14246-4. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Guide Orense". euroresidentes.com. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Ponte Vella" (in Spanish). Turgalicia. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Facaros, Dana; Pauls, Michael (1 March 2009). Northern Spain. New Holland Publishers. pp. 356–. ISBN 978-1-86011-395-6. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Spain. Lonely Planet. 2007. pp. 572–. ISBN 978-1-74104-554-3. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Cole, Ben; Davies, Bethan (2004). Walking the Via de la Plata: The Camino De Santiago from Sevilla to Santiago De Compostela. Pili Pala Press. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-0-9731698-1-2. 
  9. ^ "Ponte Vella" (in Spanish). Structurae. Retrieved 23 July 2013.