E. T. Bennett, 1835
Alosa pontica (Eichwald, 1838)
It currently migrates up the Danube, Dnieper, Dniester, Southern Bug, Don and Kuban rivers. Their spawning occurs between the warmer months of May and August. It has a pelagic life and prefers to feed on small fishes and crustaceans.
Although the species used to migrate as far upstream as the Danube at Mohács (Hungary), the building of dams has limited the species. It currently migrates up the Danube, Dnieper, Dniester, Southern Bug, Don and Kuban rivers. Excessive fishing and pollution may also be responsible for their decline.
- J. Freyhof & M. Kottelat (2008). "Alosa immaculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Alosa immaculata" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
- Yılmaz, Savaş, and Nazmi Polat. Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Pontic Shad, Alosa Immaculata (Pisces: Clupeidae) From the Southern Black Sea. Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology 6.2 (2011): 49-53.
|This Clupeiformes article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|