St. Michael's Basilica (Madrid)
|Pontifical Basilica of St. Michael
Basílica Pontificia de San Miguel (Spanish)
Façade of the basilica
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Minor basilica|
|Heritage designation||Bien de Interés Cultural (Spain)|
|Leadership||Mons. Renzo Fratini|
|Direction of façade||S|
|Construction cost||1 421 000 reales|
|Length||50 metres (160 ft)|
|Width||27 metres (89 ft)|
|Width (nave)||14 metres (46 ft)|
|St. Michael's Basilica|
Spanish: Basílica de San Miguel
|Official name: Basílica de San Miguel|
The Pontifical Basilica of St. Michael (Spanish: Basílica Pontificia de San Miguel) is a baroque Roman Catholic church and minor basilica in central Madrid, Spain. It is located in San Justo Street, adjacent to the Archbishop's Palace. It is the church of the Apostolic Nunciature to the Kingdom of Spain of the Holy See and is now administrated by the priests of Opus Dei.
Construction began in 1739, on the site of the parish church of Sts. Justus and Pastor. The work was commissioned by Cardinal Infante Luis of Chinchón, Archbishop of Toledo, who subsidized construction with 1,421,000 reales. Construction was completed in 1745.
After the Napoleonic invasion, the church added the advocacy of Saint Michael (San Miguel), when the nearby parish church of San Miguel de los Octoes was torn down.
The original plans have been attributed to Santiago Bonavía, with perhaps an earlier contribution of Teodoro Ardemans. It was completed by Virgilio Rabaglio. On the facade, the allegorical statues of charity, faith, hope, and fortitude were sculpted by Roberto Michel and Nicolás Carisana, adornan los dos cuerpos superiores. A panel by Carisana, on the facade depicts the martyrdom of Santos Justo y Pastor. The cupola is decorated with frescos (1745), by Bartolomé Rusca, depicting the apotheosis of Santos Justo y Pastor.
Among the wood sculptures housed in the interior is the "Cristo de la Fe y del Perdón", by Luis Salvador Carmona.
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