Pontoise

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Pontoise
Pontoise (95), cathédrale Saint-Maclou, vue depuis le jardin des Cinq Sens (promontoire du château).jpg
Coat of arms of Pontoise
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 49°03′06″N 2°06′06″E / 49.0516°N 02.1017°E / 49.0516; 02.1017Coordinates: 49°03′06″N 2°06′06″E / 49.0516°N 02.1017°E / 49.0516; 02.1017
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Pontoise
Canton Pontoise
Intercommunality Cergy-Pontoise
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Philippe Houillon
Area
 • Land1 7.15 km2 (2.76 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Population2 29,885
 • Population2 density 4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 95500 / 95300
Elevation 22–87 m (72–285 ft)
(avg. 27 m or 89 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pontoise is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 28.4 km (17.6 mi) from the centre of Paris, in the "new town" of Cergy-Pontoise.

Administration[edit]

Pontoise is the official préfecture (capital) of the Val-d'Oise département, although in reality the préfecture building and administration, as well as the department council (conseil général), are located inside the neighboring commune of Cergy, which is regarded as the de facto capital of Val-d'Oise.

Pontoise is also the seat of the Arrondissement of Pontoise. The sous-préfecture building and administration, unlike the préfecture, are located inside the commune of Pontoise.

Security[edit]

History[edit]

Pontoise is the historical capital of the Vexin français. Its foundation dates from Roman times (Pontisara). At that time, the rock piton[clarification needed] overhanging the river Oise supported the defense of the ford which was on the Roman road, the Chaussée Jules César, between Lutetia (Paris) and Rotomagus (Rouen). The road still exists and is now part of the N14 from Paris to Rouen.


Climate[edit]

Climate data for Pontoise
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.7
(45.9)
11.4
(52.5)
14.6
(58.3)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
20.5
(68.9)
15.8
(60.4)
10.2
(50.4)
6.8
(44.2)
15.18
(59.33)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.1
(34)
3.2
(37.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.3
(46.9)
10.8
(51.4)
12.8
(55)
12.7
(54.9)
10.1
(50.2)
7.6
(45.7)
4.0
(39.2)
1.8
(35.2)
6.52
(43.75)
Precipitation mm (inches) 55.8
(2.197)
43.6
(1.717)
51.0
(2.008)
47.2
(1.858)
60.6
(2.386)
49.4
(1.945)
54.5
(2.146)
48.3
(1.902)
50.2
(1.976)
62.4
(2.457)
52.6
(2.071)
62.7
(2.469)
638.3
(25.132)
Source: Météo-France

Demographics[edit]

At the census of 1999, the population was 27,494.
The estimate for 2005 was 28,500.

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Cergy in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
68.2% 31.8%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
4.8% 3.4% 1.9% 21.7%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Transport[edit]

The railway bridge between Pontoise and Saint-Ouen-l'Aumone

Pontoise is served by Pontoise station, a terminus on Paris RER line C and an intermediate terminus for suburban trains originating from Gare Saint-Lazare as well as a terminus for suburban trains from Gare du Nord. Some trains originating at Gare Saint-Lazare continue onto Gisors. Bus services[1] operate in and around Pontoise with transport interchanges situated Place Charles de Gaulle and Parking Canrobert.

Pontoise – Cormeilles Aerodrome is the area airport.

Culture[edit]

Pontoise is one of the capitals of the impressionist movement. Many painters took as a starting point the city and its area for the creation of landscapes. Camille Pissarro lived there for seventeen years. Other artists lived or worked in the area such as Vincent van Gogh (Auvers-sur-Oise), Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Charles-François Daubigny, Gustave Caillebotte, Gustave Loiseau, etc.

Cathédrale Saint Maclou

Main sights[edit]

  • Cathédrale Saint-Maclou de Pontoise. It was built in the 12th century and reconstructed and enlarged in the 15th and 16th centuries. The tower as well as the central portal is in flamboyant style .The central body is flanked by Renaissance additions. The remaining 12th century part of the cathedral is to the back. To the North of the building is a Renaissance portal.
  • Musée de Pontoise (Musée Tavet-Delacour). The museum houses sculptures from the Middle Ages, manuscripts from the seventeenth century and paintings from the twentieth century
  • Musée Pissarro (impressionist collections) and garden of the five directions. The Museum is situated in a bourgeoise house at the entrance of the old castle.

Notable people[edit]

A famous religious sister, Blessed Marie de l'Incarnation (1566-1618), formerly known as Madame Acarie, the foundress of the Reformed Carmelites in France, lived, died and was buried here in the Carmelite Monastery.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]