Timbaland's production was unique among R&B releases of the day: "Pony"'s instrumentation features a start-stop rhythm pattern similar to drum and bass music, a bassline and melody formed by vocoded vocal samples, and a cartoon slide whistle. Along with his concurrent work for Aaliyah's One in a Million LP, "Pony" and Ginuwine...the Bachelor marked the emergence of Timbaland as a successful R&B producer. The beat was also used for a remix of Jodeci's song "Freek 'N You". The song peaked at number one on the BillboardHot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks for two weeks from November 16, 1996 to November 30, 1996 and reached number six on Billboard's Hot 100 on November 23, 1996.
The song was featured in the 2012 film Magic Mike which played when Channing Tatum's character performs a hip-hop theme striptease to the song. A song by Rihanna entitled "Jump" sampled this song on her seventh studio album Unapologetic (2012).
The song's remix featured a rap by Timbaland, and was featured in a second video directed by Christopher Erskin. Three unofficial remix music videos were created later, featuring rappers Big Pun, 50 Cent and Lil Wayne. Two remixes have the beat sped up with Ginuwine's verse, while the other has a different beat, using Big Pun's verse from "Still Not a Player". A writer/producer named Rudy was a secret producer of this song, he had produced the beat and some of the lyrics.