Poole (UK Parliament constituency)

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Poole
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Poole in Dorset.
Outline map
Location of Dorset within England.
County Dorset
Electorate 72,773 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Poole
Current constituency
Created 1950 (1950)
Member of Parliament Robert Syms (Conservative)
Number of members One
1455 (1455)1885 (1885)
Number of members Two (1455–1868), One (1868–1885)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Poole is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Robert Syms, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The first version of the Poole constituency existed from 1455 until 1885. During this period its exact status was a parliamentary borough, sending two burgesses to Westminster per year, except during its last 17 years when its representation was reduced to one member.

During its abeyance most of Poole was in the East Dorset seat and since its recreation in 1950 its area has been reduced as the harbour town's population has increased.

Boundaries[edit]

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

Constituency profile[edit]

The borough is an economically very diverse borough. In the centre and north are a significant minority of Output Areas which in 2001 had high rankings in the Index of Multiple Deprivation, contributing in 2012 with the remainder to producing for Poole the highest unemployment of the constituencies in the county.[3][4] However, Canford Cliffs is epitomised by one sub-neighbourhood, Sandbanks with its multi-million pound properties, the coastline area has been dubbed as "Britain's Palm Beach" by the national media.[5] Alongside oil extraction, insurance, care, retail and customer service industries choosing the town as their base tourism contributes to overall a higher income than the national average, however the divergence is not statistically significant and the size of homes varies extensively.[4][6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1455–1629[edit]

  • Borough established 1455, returning two members
Parliament First member Second member
1510 No names known[7]
1512 Richard Phelips Ralph Worsley[7]
1515 Richard Phelips ?[7]
1523 ?
1529 William Thornhill William Biddlecombe[7]
1536 ?William Biddlecombe ?[7]
1539 ?William Biddlecombe ?[7]
1542 Oliver Lawrence John Carew[7]
1545 Oliver Lawrence John Harward[7]
1547 John Hannam John Harward[7]
1553 (Mar) William Newman Thomas White[7]
1553 (Oct) Anthony Dillington John Scryvin
Parliament of 1554 William Wightman Richard Shaw
Parliament of 1554-1555 Anthony Dillington Andrew Hourde
Parliament of 1555 Robert Whitt John Phelips
Parliament of 1558 Thomas Goodwin Thomas Phelips
Parliament of 1559 Walter Haddon Humphrey Mitchel
Parliament of 1563-1567 William Green
Parliament of 1571 George Carleton William Newman
Parliament of 1572-1581 William Green John Hastings
Parliament of 1584-1585 Francis Mills Thomas Vincent
Parliament of 1586-1587 William Fleetwood, junior
Parliament of 1588-1589 Henry Ashley Edward Man
Parliament of 1593 James Orrenge
Parliament of 1597-1598 Roger Mawdeley
Parliament of 1601 Robert Miller Thomas Billet
Parliament of 1604-1611 Thomas Robarts Edward Man
Addled Parliament (1614) Sir Walter Erle Sir Thomas Walsingham, junior
Parliament of 1621-1622 Sir George Hussey
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) Edward Pitt
Useless Parliament (1625) John Pyne Sir John Cooper
Parliament of 1625-1626 Christopher Erle
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir John Cooper
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640

MPs 1640–1868[edit]

Year First member[8] First party Second member[8] Second party
April 1640 John Pyne Parliamentarian William Constantine Royalist
November 1640
September 1642 Constantine disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1645 George Skutt
December 1648 Skutt excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Poole was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper[9] Poole had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Edward Boteler
January 1659 Colonel John Fitzjames[10] Samuel Bond
May 1659 John Pyne One seat vacant
April 1660 George Cooper Sir Walter Erle
1661 Sir John Fitzjames (Sir) John Morton[11]
1670 Thomas Trenchard
February 1673 George Cooper
March 1673 Thomas Strangways
1679 Henry Trenchard Thomas Chafin
1685 William Ettrick
1689 Henry Trenchard Sir Nathaniel Napier
1690 Sir John Trenchard Whig
1695 Lord Ashley
1698 William Joliffe Sir William Phippard
1705 Samuel Weston
1708 William Lewen Thomas Ridge[12]
1710 Sir William Phippard
1711 Sir William Lewen
1713 George Trenchard
1722 Thomas Ridge
1727 Denis Bond[13]
1732 Thomas Wyndham
1741 Joseph Gulston Thomas Missing
1747 George Trenchard
1754 Colonel Sir Richard Lyttelton[14]
1761 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Calcraft
1765 Joseph Gulston
1768 Joshua Mauger
1774 Major-General Sir Eyre Coote
1780 Joseph Gulston William Morton Pitt
1784 Michael Angelo Taylor
1790 Colonel Hon. Charles Stuart[15] Benjamin Lester
1791 Michael Angelo Taylor
1796 Colonel Hon. Charles Stuart John Jeffery
1801 George Garland
1808 Sir Richard Bickerton
1809 Benjamin Lester Lester Whig
1812 Michael Angelo Taylor Whig
1818 John Dent
1826 Hon. William Ponsonby
1831 Sir John Byng Whig
January 1835 Charles Augustus Tulk Whig
May 1835 Hon. George Stephens Byng Whig
1837 Hon. Charles Ponsonby Whig George Richard Philips Whig
1847 George Richard Robinson Conservative
1850 Henry Danby Seymour Whig
1852 George Woodroffe Franklyn Conservative
1859 Liberal
1865 Charles Waring Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one Member

MPs 1868–1885[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1868 Arthur Guest Conservative
1874 Charles Waring Liberal
May 1874 by-election Hon. Evelyn Ashley Liberal
1880 Charles Schreiber Conservative
1884 by-election William James Harris Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished

MPs since 1950[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1950 Colonel Mervyn Wheatley Conservative
1951 Richard Pilkington Conservative
1964 Oscar Murton Conservative
1979 John Ward Conservative
1997 Robert Syms Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election: 2010: Poole[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Syms 22,532 47.5 +4.1
Liberal Democrat Phillip Eades 14,991 31.6 +2.5
Labour Jason Sanderson 6,041 12.7 −10.0
UKIP Nick Wellstead 2,507 5.3 +1.8
BNP David Holmes 1,188 2.5 +1.2
Independent Ian Northover 177 0.4
Majority 7,541 15.9
Turnout 47,436 73.4 +9.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Syms 17,571 43.4 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Mike Plummer 11,583 28.6 +3.1
Labour Darren Brown 9,376 23.1 −3.8
UKIP John Barnes 1,436 3.5 +1.0
BNP Peter Pirnie 547 1.4 N/A
Majority 5,988 14.8
Turnout 40,513 63.1 +2.4
Conservative hold Swing −2.4
General Election 2001: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Syms 17,710 45.1 +3.0
Labour David Watt 10,544 26.9 +5.3
Liberal Democrat Nick Westbrook 10,011 25.5 −5.3
UKIP John Bass 968 2.5 +1.4
Majority 7,166 18.2
Turnout 39,233 60.7 −10.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Syms 19,726 42.14
Liberal Democrat A Tetlow 14,428 30.82
Labour H White 10,100 21.58
Referendum Party J Riddington 1,932 4.13
UKIP P Tyler 487 1.04
Natural Law J Rosta 137 0.29
Majority 5,298 11.32
Turnout 71.00
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Poole[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Ward 33,445 53.2 −4.3
Liberal Democrat BR Clements 20,614 32.8 +0.2
Labour HR White 6,912 11.0 +1.1
Independent Conservative M Steen 1,620 2.6 N/A
Natural Law AL Bailey 303 0.5 N/A
Majority 12,831 20.4 −4.5
Turnout 62,894 79.4 +1.9
Conservative hold Swing −2.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Ward 34,159 57.50
Social Democrat RJ Whitley 19,351 32.57
Labour M Shutler 5,901 9.93
Majority 14,808 24.92
Turnout 77.49
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Ward 30,358 58.31
Liberal B Clements 15,929 30.60
Labour MV Castle 5,595 10.75
Servicemen & Citizen Association A Foster 177 0.34
Majority 14,429 27.72
Turnout 73.60
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Ward 38,846 57.01
Labour DA Bell 15,291 22.44
Liberal B Sutton 14,001 20.55
Majority 23,555 34.57
Turnout 78.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Oscar Murton 28,982 46.15
Liberal GM Goode 17,557 27.96
Labour GW Hobbs 16,262 25.89
Majority 11,425 18.19
Turnout 75.30
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Oscar Murton 31,156 46.04
Liberal GM Goode 21,088 31.16
Labour GW Hobbs 15,434 22.81
Majority 10,068 14.88
Turnout 81.88
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Oscar Murton 31,100 53.11
Labour IS Campbell 17,610 30.07
Liberal GM Goode 9,846 16.81
Majority 13,490 23.04
Turnout 75.06
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Oscar Murton 25,451 47.59
Labour DA Sutton 19,630 36.71
Liberal BS Sherriff 8,394 15.70
Majority 5,821 10.89
Turnout 79.00
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Oscar Murton 24,440 46.26
Labour H Toch 16,158 30.58
Liberal HCR Ballam 12,234 23.16
Majority 8,282 15.68
Turnout 80.05
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Pilkington 26,956 52.84
Labour AJ Williams 15,325 30.04
Liberal JC Holland 8,735 17.12
Majority 11,631 22.80
Turnout 80.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Pilkington 26,594 53.86
Labour FC Reeves 17,032 34.49
Liberal JC Holland 5,750 11.65
Majority 9,562 19.37
Turnout 80.94
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Pilkington 26,998 53.60
Labour LJ Matchan 18,346 36.42
Liberal W Ridgway 5,029 9.98
Majority 8,652 17.18
Turnout 84.97
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Poole
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mervyn Wheatley 24,344 49.37
Labour EM King 17,831 36.16
Liberal W Ridgway 7,130 14.46
Majority 6,513 13.21
Turnout 87.10
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ a b 2001 Census
  5. ^ Morris, Steven. "£3m for modest bungalow needing TLC", The Guardian November 2, 2005.
  6. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  8. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ Browne Willis and Cobbett both list Cooper as Poole's MP. Cooper was also elected for Wiltshire, and seems to have been regarded as its Member, but there appears no record of another Member having been elected for Poole in his place
  10. ^ Cobbett again lists Cooper (elected for Wiltshire) as Poole's MP together with Bond, but Browne Willis gives Fitzjames as the second member
  11. ^ Succeeded to baronetcy, February 1662
  12. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons, 15 February 1711, for "great Frauds and Abuses in his Contract for furnishing the Navy with Beer"
  13. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons, 30 March 1732, for his role in the fraudulent sale of the Earl of Derwentwater's estate
  14. ^ Major-General from 1758
  15. ^ On petition, Stuart was declared not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Taylor, was declared elected in his place
  16. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Poole". BBC News. 
  17. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]