Poovar

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Poovar
town
Poovar beach
Poovar beach
Poovar is located in Kerala
Poovar
Poovar
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 8°19′3″N 77°4′17″E / 8.31750°N 77.07139°E / 8.31750; 77.07139Coordinates: 8°19′3″N 77°4′17″E / 8.31750°N 77.07139°E / 8.31750; 77.07139
Country  India
State Kerala
District Thiruvananthapuram
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KL-20

Poovar is a small coastal village in the Trivandrum district of Kerala state, South India. This village is almost at the southern tip of Trivandrum and there is only one last village Pozhiyoor which mark the end of kerala. This village has a beautiful beach which attracts tourists. There are also some good tourist resorts.

State government offices[edit]

  • Poovar, Sub Registrar's Office

Geography[edit]

Poovar lies very close to Vizhinjam, a natural harbor. Poovar has an estuary which connects with the sea during high tides. The 56 km Neyyar River passes through Neyyattinkara taluk into the Arabian Sea near Poovar. [1] Its natural beauty enables it to be a quiet tourist spot.

Ancient history[edit]

Poovar was a trading center of timber, sandalwood, ivory and spices. It is believed that the ships of King Solomon landed here. Poovar has been one of the ancient Muslim settlements along the western coast of India. The "central mosque" in poovar was build by MALIK BIN DINAR, a muslim preacher 1400 years ago. During the reign of madhurai naikar,there were riots against the nadar community in madhurai. So they migrated to different parts of south india. Among them a vast majority reached poovar and settled here. During the reign of chola dynasty,poovar was a major port. A foreign traveller "PLINI" had described the port of poovar in his book.

Poovar gave protection to king MARTHANDAVARMA many times. The origin of the name "poovar" has a story related to marthandavarma. Before that it was called POKKUMOOSAPURAM During the internal riots of travancore,escaping from the ETTUVEETTIL PILLAs the king reached poovar. That was a spring season and the trees on either sides of the river NEYYAR were full of flowers. These flowers fell into the river and made the river more attractive.By seeing this pleasant sceenary, marthandavarma commended that this is "POO-AR".This commentary later became the name of this place.

There were a merchant named "POKKUMOOSA MARAIKKAR" lived in poovar during the 18th century. The name of his house was KALLARAICKAL THARAVAD. This house has given shelter to marthandavarma many times from enemies. They have trade relations even with international markets that time. They also have a well trained army and some ships. In the battle of COLACHEL and battle of KAYAMKULAM they used to help travancore army.

Poovar has also a critical role in the life diwan RAJA KESAVADASAN. In the childhood he was an orphan. He reached poovar and joined with "pokkumusa maraikkar". Pokkumusa had strong relations with the royal family and thus kesavan was appointed as gumastan in the palace. Later he became the diwan of travancore.

Cultural history[edit]

The most famed and legendary Arumanoor Koyikkavilakom Sree Bhadrakali Devi Temple is situated near Arumanoor Koyikkavilakom, Arumanoor Desom, Poovar Panchayath, Neyyattinkara Taluk, Thiruvananthapuram District. The all powerful and benign Arumanoor Koyikkavilakom Sree Bhadrakali reigns eternally supreme at Arumanoor and nurses her devotees. Arumanoor koyikkavilakom Sree Bhadrakali is the incarnation of three legendary Goddesses. Hundreds of devotees from far and near flock to the temple to bend before the Goddess with awe and reverence to prostrate and redress their affliction and agony. She poured them with blessings. According to mythology, Centuries before, there is a vast majority of Nambuthiri families resided there. Among them, there lived an enchanter with magical powers and knowledge. One day he was stepped near a pond named Arumanoor Edavoor Poonthoppe pond, he saw three beautiful ladies were bathing. With his charismatic demeanor , he realized the fact that the goddess disguised themselves as beautiful ladies. By chanting manthras, the Nambuthiri picked away their outfits and ornaments. Then, a lady among them followed him to his house. Then the enchanter with his magical powers transformed her as a little beautiful girl. He entrusted his mother to look after her. She nurses her as a mother does her child. One day the girl compelled the mother to decorate her with old outfits and ornaments. On wearing it, she transformed herself as a beautiful lady. And she went very near to the well and vanished. There arise bubbles and appeared a deity. Soon the man started rituals. Afterwards "Thirumudi idols "were installed instead of "Manimudi" and started rituals. Later the Nambuthiri had a night mare in which it is revealed that the other two beautiful ladies were the sisters of the deity and she wants him to establish them in the same place where she sojourns. According to the revellation of the charismatic man, one of the idols has been established in the same place and the other is established at Puliyinkil near Irumbil. In mythological study, it is said that, three Goddesses were incarnated as Sree Bhadrakali Devi only for the assassination of Daruka at the age of Kaliyuga. Kaliyoot Parnate festival and other festivals were conducted in the holy place. Sree Veera Marthandavarma, the king of Venad once participated in the Kaliyoot Parnate. Threatened by the" Ettuveettil Pillai" Marthanda Varma lived without revealing his whereabouts and identity, His Highness disguised himself among the devotees and visualize the parnate festival. The epic juxstaposes the fact that the idols of the temple protected the king from Ettuveetil Pillai. Devi protected the king from his enimies by showing jestures for travel by the north direction. As a remuneration for this help,He offers his majestic sword(Udaval) to the temple as a reward which is kept at Vadakkeveedu Thekkathu situated 200meters away from the temple.The majestic sword will be brought back to the temple once in every six years, at the time of Paranettu festival with all dignities. The old temple had decayed and the abode of the almighty Bhagavathy has become an antique due to hundreds of years. After 1973, there formed a trust including 22 devotees in REG NO 685/73 DTD: 27.04.1973 and they initiated to renovate the holy place. Strangely enough, they conducted Aswathy mahotsav in Meenam for every year, which was considered as the birth star of Devi and also conducted Kaliyoot Parnate festival for every six years. Kaliyoot festival is divinized only with the shrine and supreme presence of the divine idols of the three goddesses. There are three idols in the sanctum sanctorum. This is only one temples in Kerala where the three Goddesses were represented in the Kaliyoot Mahotsav.

Transportation[edit]

Nearest Airport : Trivandrum International Airport - 30 km, Nearest Railway Station : Trivandrum Central -30 km, Nemom - 20 km, Neyyattinkara - 10 km Nearest Harbor : Vizhinjam - 14 km

References[edit]

  1. ^ India9.com, Retrieved on July 1, 2008