Pope Adrian V

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Pope
Adrian V
Papa Adriano V.jpg
Papacy began 11 July 1276
Papacy ended 18 August 1276
Predecessor Innocent V
Successor John XXI
Orders
Created Cardinal December 1251
Personal details
Birth name Ottobuono de' Fieschi
Born c. 1210–1220
Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire
Died 18 August 1276(1276-08-18)
Viterbo, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Previous post
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Other popes named Adrian
Papal styles of
Pope Adrian V
Blason AdrienV.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style None

Pope Adrian V (Latin: Adrianus V; c. 1210/1220 – 18 August 1276), born Ottobuono de' Fieschi,[1] was Pope from 11 July to his death in 1276.

Biography[edit]

Ottobuono belonged to a feudal family of Liguria, the Fieschi, Counts of Lavagna.

His first clerical position came in 1243, when he was created a papal chaplain. Subsequently he received several ecclesiestical benefices, becoming archdeacon in Bologna (1244) and Parma (1244/48–1255), canon and chancellor of the cathedral chapter in Reims (1243–1250), canon and dean of the chapter in Piacenza (c. 1247) and canon of the cathedral chapter in Paris (1244/45–1270). In December 1251, he was created Cardinal Deacon of San Adriano by his uncle Pope Innocent IV. He was also archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian Basilica (attested from 1262).

Coat of Arms of the Fieschi family.

He was sent to England in 1265 by Pope Clement IV to mediate between King Henry III of England and his barons, and to preach the Crusades. He remained there for several years as the papal legate, serving from October 1265 to July 1268. His diplomatic position was such that his name is still on the oldest extant piece of English statute law, the Statute of Marlborough of 1267, where the formal title mentions as a witness "the Lord Ottobon, at that time legate in England". (Also on this legation was a young diplomat, the future Boniface VIII.) In April 1268 he issued a set of canons, which formed the basis of church law in England until the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century.

Fieschi was related distantly to Henry III; his sister had married Thomas II of Savoy, who was a cousin of Henry's wife, Eleanor of Provence.[2]

Under the influence of Charles of Anjou, he was elected Pope to succeed Innocent V on 11 July 1276 but died at Viterbo on 18 August 1276 from illness without ever having been ordained to the priesthood.[3] He is buried there in the church of San Francesco alla Rocca. His funeral monument is attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio. Adrian V was the third pope in "The Year of Four Popes" of 1276.

He annulled Pope Gregory X's bull on the holding of papal conclaves, but died before enacting new regulations.

In literature[edit]

In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Adrian's spirit in Purgatory, on the level reserved for the avaricious, where Adrian atones for his sin of worldly ambition. (Purgatorio XIX, 88-145).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alban Butler and Paul Burns, Butler's Lives of the Saints, Vol. 9, (Burns & Oates, 2000), 131.
  2. ^ Howell, Margaret (1998). "Eleanor of Provence: Queenship in 13th Century England", p.154. Blackwell Publishing, Malden Massachusetts. ISBN 0-631-17286-6
  3. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Adrian". Encyclopædia Britannica 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 216. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Innocent V
Pope
1276
Succeeded by
John XXI