Pope County, Arkansas
|Pope County, Arkansas|
Pope County Courthouse
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||November 2, 1829|
|Named for||John Pope|
|• Total||831 sq mi (2,152 km2)|
|• Land||813 sq mi (2,106 km2)|
|• Water||18 sq mi (47 km2), 2.2%|
|• Density||76/sq mi (29/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754. The county seat is Russellville. The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.
Pope County is part of the Russellville, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Civil War and Reconstruction
A large Democratic majority was ardently split into a "town or country" dichotomy at the local level. Further, the county was split between Union and Confederate sympathizers, with deep grudges being held by both sides for grievances committed during the opposite's rule during the war. After the war, Republicans controlled local government and the Democrats controlled the county economy. The political situation and cultural differences kept tensions high between the groups, occasionally resulting in violence. The most violent episode came to be known as the Pope County Militia War, a six-month drama involving robbery, plundering and murder. The state-controlled militia eventually arrived to enforce martial law in the county, making the local Democrats who were providing armed resistance to Clayton's Republican army heroes to Confederate sympathizers around the state.
- Interstate 40
- U.S. Highway 64
- Arkansas Highway 7
- Arkansas Highway 7S
- Arkansas Highway 7T
- Arkansas Highway 16
- Arkansas Highway 27
- Arkansas Highway 105
- Arkansas Highway 123
- Arkansas Highway 124
- Arkansas Highway 164
- Arkansas Highway 247
- Arkansas Highway 324
- Arkansas Highway 326
- Arkansas Highway 331
- Arkansas Highway 333
- Arkansas Highway 363
- Arkansas Highway 980
- Newton County (northwest)
- Searcy County & Van Buren County (northeast)
- Conway County (southeast)
- Yell County (south)
- Logan County (southwest)
- Johnson County (west)
National protected areas
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 54,469 people, 20,701 households, and 15,008 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 22,851 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.73% White, 2.61% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 20,701 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,069, and the median income for a family was $39,055. Males had a median income of $29,914 versus $19,307 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,918. About 11.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over.
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Pope County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. 
Pope County formerly included 10 more townships. Allen Township was moved into Hogan Township around 1910, and Hill Township, Galla Creek Township, Independence Township, Lee Township, North Fork Township, Sand Spring Township, and Sulphur Township were also formerly active townships in Pope County. Holla Bend Township, containing the Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge, has also been disbanded.
|Township||FIPS code||ANSI code
|Source: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Arsenault 1988, p. 29.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Pope County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- Arsenault, Raymond (1988) . The Wild Ass of the Ozarks (2nd ed.). Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press in arrangement with Temple University Press (original publisher). ISBN 0-87049-569-0. OCLC 16684346.
||Newton County||Searcy County and Van Buren County|
|Logan County||Yell County||Conway County|