Pope County, Illinois
|Pope County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
374.30 sq mi (969 km²)
368.77 sq mi (955 km²)
5.53 sq mi (14 km²), 1.48%
10/sq mi (4/km²)
Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 4,470, which is an increase of 1.3% from 4,413 in 2000. Its county seat is Golconda. In terms of population, it is the smallest county in Illinois.
The entire county is hilly and during rainy weather rivulets cascade down the hills in the park forming waterfalls of varying sizes and heights. The county contains Dixon Springs State Park, one of many state parks in the Illinois Shawnee Hills, and is part of the Shawnee National Forest. It is bordered to the south and east by the Ohio River, which marks the state's border with Kentucky.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 374.30 square miles (969.4 km2), of which 368.77 square miles (955.1 km2) (or 98.52%) is land and 5.53 square miles (14.3 km2) (or 1.48%) is water.
Major highways 
Adjacent counties 
- Saline County - north
- Hardin County - east
- Livingston County, Kentucky - southeast
- Massac County - southwest
- Johnson County - west
- Williamson County - northwest
National protected area 
- Shawnee National Forest (part)
|IL Counties 1900-1990|
Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 91.7% White
- 6.0% Black
- 0.6% Native American
- 0.2% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 0.9% Two or more races
- 0.6% Other races
- 1.4% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,413 people, 1,769 households, and 1,220 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 2,351 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.29% White, 3.76% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% were of American, 19.1% German, 13.3% Irish and 11.0% English ancestry.
There were 1,769 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the county the population was spread out with 21.50% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,048, and the median income for a family was $37,860. Males had a median income of $33,717 versus $20,074 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,440. About 9.80% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.40% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
Other localities 
Notable residents 
- James L. Alcorn, born near Golconda, American Civil War general in the Union Army
- John R. Hodge, born in Golconda; Military Governor of South Korea preceding the Korean War and Commanding General of the U.S. Third Army
- Green B. Raum, born in Golconda, American Civil War general in the Union Army
Climate and weather 
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Golconda have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.22 inches (82 mm) in October to 5.02 inches (128 mm) in May.
See also 
- Dixon Springs State Park
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Pope County
- Ohio River
- Shawnee National Forest
- "Pope County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Golconda, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
||Williamson County||Saline County|
|Johnson County||Hardin County|
|Massac County||Livingston County, Kentucky|