Pope County, Illinois

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Pope County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Pope County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1816
Named for Nathaniel Pope
Seat Golconda
Largest city Golconda
Area
 • Total 374 sq mi (969 km2)
 • Land 369 sq mi (956 km2)
 • Water 5.5 sq mi (14 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 4,470
 • Density 12/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.popeco.net

Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 4,470,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Golconda.[2] The county was organized in 1816 from portions of Gallatin County and Johnson County and named after Nathaniel Pope, a Secretary of the Illinois Territory.

History[edit]

First permanent settlement in 1798 at the modern-day site of Golconda, operating as a ferry point across the Ohio River. Pope County was formed in 1816 from portions of Gallatin and Johnson counties.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles (970 km2), of which 369 square miles (960 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.5%) is water.[3]

The entire county is hilly and during rainy weather rivulets cascade down the hills in the park forming waterfalls of varying sizes and heights. The county contains Dixon Springs State Park, one of many state parks in the Illinois Shawnee Hills, and is part of the Shawnee National Forest. It is bordered to the south and east by the Ohio River, which marks the state's border with Kentucky.

Climate and weather[edit]

Golconda, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
41
21
 
 
3.7
 
47
24
 
 
4.7
 
57
33
 
 
4.8
 
68
42
 
 
5
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
84
60
 
 
4.2
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
87
63
 
 
3.2
 
80
55
 
 
3.2
 
70
43
 
 
4.4
 
57
34
 
 
4.3
 
46
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Golconda have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.22 inches (82 mm) in October to 5.02 inches (128 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,610
1830 3,316 27.0%
1840 4,094 23.5%
1850 3,975 −2.9%
1860 6,742 69.6%
1870 11,437 69.6%
1880 13,256 15.9%
1890 14,016 5.7%
1900 13,585 −3.1%
1910 11,215 −17.4%
1920 9,625 −14.2%
1930 7,996 −16.9%
1940 7,999 0.0%
1950 5,779 −27.8%
1960 4,061 −29.7%
1970 3,857 −5.0%
1980 4,404 14.2%
1990 4,373 −0.7%
2000 4,413 0.9%
2010 4,470 1.3%
Est. 2013 4,312 −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 4,413 people, 1,769 households, and 1,220 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 2,351 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.29% White, 3.76% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% were of American, 19.1% German, 13.3% Irish and 11.0% English ancestry.

There were 1,769 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.50% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 26.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,048, and the median income for a family was $37,860. Males had a median income of $33,717 versus $20,074 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,440. About 9.80% of families and 18.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.40% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Village[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • James L. Alcorn, born near Golconda, American Civil War general in the Union Army
  • John R. Hodge, born in Golconda; Military Governor of South Korea preceding the Korean War and Commanding General of the U.S. Third Army
  • Green B. Raum, born in Golconda, American Civil War general in the Union Army

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Golconda, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°25′N 88°34′W / 37.41°N 88.57°W / 37.41; -88.57