Pope John VIII of Alexandria
John VIII of Alexandria
|80th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark|
|Papacy began||14 December 1300|
|Papacy ended||29 May 1320|
|Birth name||Yohanna Ben-Ebsal|
|Died||29 May 1320
|Denomination||Coptic Orthodox Christian|
|Residence||Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo|
Pope John VIII of Alexandria, 80th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Pope John VIII was born in Meniat Bani-Khosaim. His real name was Yohanna Ben-Ebsal, but he was known as El Mo'ataman Ebn El-Kedees. He became monk at the Monastery of Shahran and was ordained Pope on 19 Meshir, 1016 A.M. (14 February 1300 AD).
During the papacy of John VIII, severe tribulations befell the Christians in Egypt. They were forced to tinge their turbans with blue[clarification needed]. Many churches were closed in Cairo and in different parts of the country. Exceptions were the monasteries in Alexandria and a few churches in other cities. An envoy from the king of Spain came to intercede on behalf of the Christians. Two churches were subsequently opened, one of them was the Coptic Orthodox church of the Church of the Virgin Mary (Haret Zuweila), and the other was the Melkite church of Saint Nicholas in El-Hamzawe.
Pope John VIII was a contemporary of Saint Parsoma, and presided over his funeral. He was the last to reside in the church of Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo. He was the first to relocate the patriarchal throne to the Church of the Virgin Mary (Haret Zuweila). He was residing there in the year 1303 AD. when a severe earthquake caused great destruction in Syria and Egypt. Ebn Kabre indicated that Pope John VIII had made some changes in the Liturgy. He departed[clarification needed] on 4 Paoni 1036 A.M. (29 May 1320 AD) after 20 years, 3 months, and 15 days on the Patriarchal Throne.