Pope Marinus I

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Pope
Marinus I
Pope Marinus I.jpg
Papacy began 16 December 882
Papacy ended 15 May 884
Predecessor John VIII
Successor Adrian III
Personal details
Birth name ???
Born ???
Gallese, Rome, Papal States
Died 15 May 884(884-05-15)
 ???
Other popes named Marinus

Pope Marinus I (or Martin II; died 15 May 884) was Pope from 16 December 882 to his death in 884. He succeeded John VIII in about the end of December 882.

Prior history[edit]

Born the son of a priest, he was ordained as a deacon by Pope Nicholas I.[1] Before his election as Pope, he served as Bishop of Caere, which made his election controversial, because, at this stage of history, a bishop was expected never to leave office to move to another see. On three separate occasions he had been employed by the three popes who preceded him as legate to Constantinople, his mission in each case having reference to the controversy started by Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople.[1]

Acts as pope[edit]

Among his first acts as pope were the restitution of Formosus as Cardinal Bishop of Portus and the anathematizing of Photius.[2] Due to his respect for Alfred the Great (r. 871–899), he freed the Anglo-Saxons of Rome from tribute and taxation.[2] He died in May or June 884, his successor being Adrian III.

Marinus/Martinus error[edit]

Because of the similarity of the names Marinus and Martinus, Popes Marinus I and Marinus II were, in some sources, mistakenly given the name Martinus (and were then listed respectively as Martinus II and Martinus III). Thus, when the new Pope in 1281 took the name Martin, he became Pope Martin IV.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McBrien, Richard P. (2000). Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. HarperCollins. p. 142. ISBN 9780060878078. 
  2. ^ a b "Pope Marinus I; Martin II". New Catholic Dictionary. 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Marinus (popes)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Marinus I". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John VIII
Pope
882–884
Succeeded by
Adrian III