Pope Marinus I
|Papacy began||16 December 882|
|Papacy ended||15 May 884|
Gallese, Rome, Papal States
|Died||15 May 884
Pope Marinus I (or Martin II; Latin: Marinus PP. I, Italian: Marino I; died 15 May 884) was the head of the Catholic Church from 16 December 882 to his death in 884. He succeeded John VIII in about the end of December 882.
Born the son of a priest, he was ordained as a deacon by Pope Nicholas I. Before his election as Pope, he served as Bishop of Caere, which made his election controversial, because, at this stage of history, a bishop was expected never to leave office to move to another see. On three separate occasions he had been employed by the three popes who preceded him as legate to Constantinople, his mission in each case having reference to the controversy started by Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople.
Acts as pope
Among his first acts as pope were the restitution of Formosus as Cardinal Bishop of Portus and the anathematizing of Photius. Due to his respect for Alfred the Great (r. 871–899), he freed the Anglo-Saxons of Rome from tribute and taxation. He died in May or June 884, his successor being Adrian III.
Because of the similarity of the names Marinus and Martinus, Popes Marinus I and Marinus II were, in some sources, mistakenly given the name Martinus (and were then listed respectively as Martinus II and Martinus III). Thus, when the new Pope in 1281 took the name Martin, he became Pope Martin IV.
- McBrien, Richard P. (2000). Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. HarperCollins. p. 142. ISBN 9780060878078.
- "Pope Marinus I; Martin II". New Catholic Dictionary. 2008 [last update]. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Marinus (popes)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Marinus I". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.
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