Pope Matthew I of Alexandria

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Saint
Matthew I of Alexandria
87th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark
Papacy began 1378
Papacy ended 1408
Predecessor Gabriel IV
Successor Gabriel V
Personal details
Born Egypt
Died 1408
Egypt
Buried Khandaq Monastery of Saint Ruwais
Nationality Egyptian
Denomination Coptic Orthodox Christian
Residence Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo
Sainthood
Feast day (Coptic Calendar)
Papal styles of
Saint Matthew
Coptic cross.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Pope and Patriarch
Posthumous style Saint

Pope Matthew I of Alexandria (or Matheos), 87th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He is revered as a saint by the Coptic Church.

Early life[edit]

As a young boy, Matthew was shepherd tending his fathers sheep. When he was fourteen he joined a monastery.

Priesthood[edit]

He was ordained as a priest at the age of eighteen. At which time he left for the St. Anthony's monastery then to Palestine, and worked in construction. Upon hearing of the persecution of Copts because of the actions of the Crusaders', he returned to St. Anthony's Monastery. at that time he was appointed abbot of the monastery.

Shortly after his ordination, Prince Yalpogha led the monks and their abbot in humility through the streets of Cairoin an attempt to convince the prince and the authorities that the Crusader's actions were unconnected to the Copts. The Crusader's sack of Alexandria roused the ruling prince and his men against the local Christians (including) Copts.[1] Afterwards, Matthew left for Al-Muharraq monastery. Matthew was also a monk at the Monastery of Saint Fana.

Coptic Pope[edit]

On the death of Gabriel IV Patriarch of Alexandria (1378), Father Matheos was elected be the next patriarch, he solicited the council of the elders of St. Anthony's monastery, and accepted their decision. Escorted to Alexandria, he was consecrated as Pope, and gave himself the title El Meskin ("The Poor").

Pope Matthew was known for his charitable work with the poor.

Relations with ruler[edit]

Through his cordial relation with Sultan Barquq, he was able to stop the mob from burning Al-Muallaqa church and the Shahran monastery, because the Muslims were claiming that new constructions were taking place in those two locations. The Sultan appointed four Judges of Islam who declared the falsehood of such claims.

The situation worsened when two Mamlur princes exiled Sultan Barquq, and took his place. Mentach and Yalpogha persecuted the Copts and their Pope.

One of the Mamluks, by the name Gamal-El-Din, also persecuted the Christians. He imposed a tributeof five hundred thousand dinars.

Preceded by
Gabriel IV
Coptic Pope
1378–1408
Succeeded by
Gabriel V

References[edit]