Pope Sergius IV

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Pope
Sergius IV
Sergius IV.jpg
Papacy began 31 July 1009
Papacy ended 12 May 1012
Predecessor John XVIII
Successor Benedict VIII
Orders
Consecration 1004
Created Cardinal 1004
by Pope John XVIII
Personal details
Birth name Pietro Martino Buccaporci
Born c. 970
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Died May 12, 1012(1012-05-12)
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Previous post
Other popes named Sergius

Pope Sergius IV (970-12 May 1012) was Pope and the ruler of the Papal States from 31 July 1009 to his death in 1012.

He was born in Rome as Pietro Martino Buccaporci, which essentially translates as "Peter Pig's Snout."[1] The date of his birth is unknown but is believed to be around 970.[1]

Early life[edit]

Buccaporci was the son of a shoemaker also by the name of Pietro. Despite his family's poor background, he performed well after entering the Church and rose quickly through the ranks. In 1004, he became the Cardinal-Bishop of Albano after he became a cardinal.[1]

Papal election[edit]

He was elected pope after the abdication of Pope John XVIII in 1009, and adopted the name Sergius IV.

Pontificate[edit]

The power held by Sergius IV was small[2] and often overshadowed by John Crescentius III, the ruler of the city of Rome at the time. Some historians have claimed that Sergius IV was essentially a puppet ruler for Crescentius III. Others, however, claimed that the Pope resisted his power, and there is some evidence that Sergius IV gave political backing to an anti-Crescentius, German faction in the city.[1][2]

Acts sometimes attributed to Sergius IV include measures to relieve famine in the city of Rome, and the exemption of certain monasteries from episcopal rule.[2] A papal bull calling for Muslims to be driven from the Holy Land after the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was destroyed in 1009 by the Fatimid caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah has been attributed to him. However, some historians have suggested that this bull was actually invented around the time of the First Crusade in order to help justify that expedition to Jerusalem. More recently, some historians have forcefully argued for the document's authenticity.

Death and legacy[edit]

Sergius IV died on 12 May 1012 and was buried in the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran,[2] and although not canonized is sometimes venerated as a saint by the Benedictines of which he was a member.[3] There was some suspicion that he was murdered, as he died within a week of Crescentius, considered by many to have been his patron.[4] Sergius was followed in the papacy by Pope Benedict VIII.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Catholic Encyclopedia entry
  2. ^ a b c d 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia: Wikisource-logo.svg "Pope Sergius IV"..
  3. ^ Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI, (HarperCollins Publishers, 2000), 168.
  4. ^ Catholic Online
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John XVIII
Pope
1009–12
Succeeded by
Benedict VIII