Poplar, Montana

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Poplar
Cąšúška wakpá, Waȟnéca wakpá
Town
Panorama of Poplar
Panorama of Poplar
Location of Poplar, Montana
Location of Poplar, Montana
Coordinates: 48°6′34″N 105°11′42″W / 48.10944°N 105.19500°W / 48.10944; -105.19500Coordinates: 48°6′34″N 105°11′42″W / 48.10944°N 105.19500°W / 48.10944; -105.19500
Country United States
State Montana
County Roosevelt
Area[1]
 • Total 0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)
 • Land 0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,991 ft (607 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 810
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 845
 • Density 2,892.9/sq mi (1,117.0/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 59255
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-58975
GNIS feature ID 0775362
Horse's Ghost at the fair, Poplar, MT

Poplar (Assiniboine: Cąšúška wakpá, Waȟnéca wakpá[4]) is a town in Roosevelt County, Montana, United States. The population was 810 at the 2010 census.[5]

Geography[edit]

Poplar is located at 48°6′34″N 105°11′42″W / 48.10944°N 105.19500°W / 48.10944; -105.19500 (48.109474, -105.194891).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Poplar has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 1,152
1930 1,046 −9.2%
1940 1,442 37.9%
1950 1,169 −18.9%
1960 1,565 33.9%
1970 1,389 −11.2%
1980 995 −28.4%
1990 881 −11.5%
2000 911 3.4%
2010 810 −11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 810 people, 313 households, and 196 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,892.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,117.0 /km2). There were 352 housing units at an average density of 1,257.1 per square mile (485.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 25.2% White, 71.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 313 households of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.3% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 12.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16.

The median age in the city was 31.2 years. 30.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[8] there were 911 people, 325 households, and 206 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,406.0 people per square mile (1,302.7/km²). There were 350 housing units at an average density of 1,308.5 per square mile (500.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 32.16% White, 0.11% African American, 63.67% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 3.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 325 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the town the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 106.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,896, and the median income for a family was $29,688. Males had a median income of $22,250 versus $19,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,579. About 23.4% of families and 31.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 22.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Poplar is the seat for the Fort Peck Sioux and Assiniboine Tribes, including the tribal law enforcement agency and courthouse. The Bureau of Indian Affairs maintains an agency office there.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

K-12[edit]

Poplar Public Schools, District 9/2B, is the second largest public school system on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation with a total enrollment of 824 students for the 2006-2007 school year.[9] Poplar Public Schools operates elementary, middle, and junior/senior high schools.[10]

Old Fort Peck Agency building, Poplar, Montana

College[edit]

Poplar is home to the main campus of Fort Peck Community College. A branch campus is located in Wolf Point, Montana.[11]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Highway 2, a major east-west route across the northern tier of states, connects Poplar with other Hi-line communities in Montana and North Dakota. The Poplar airport provides a for light aircraft and general aviation on a single 4,400 feet (1,341 m) runway.[citation needed] Amtrak serves Wolf Point, about 20 miles west.

Medical facilities[edit]

The Indian Health Service (IHS) operates the Vern E. Gibbs Health Center through its Fort Peck Service Unit. The health center provides ambulatory, dialysis, and preventive health services. The IHS contracts with Northeast Montana Health Services (NEMHS) which operates Poplar Community Hospital, a critical access hospital with an emergency room, swingbed unit, pharmacy, 22-bed inpatient facility for inpatient services, as well as the Riverside Clinic, and hospital and clinic in Wolf Point, Montana. Poplar has a BLS and ALS ambulance staffed by first responders and EMTs. The ambulance service averages 4.5 calls a day.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "AISRI Dictionary Database Search--prototype version. Assiniboine. "Montana"". Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Poplar, Montana
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Directory of Montana Schools, 2007-2008". Montana Office of Public Instruction. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  10. ^ "Poplar Public Schools". Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  11. ^ "About FPCC". Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  12. ^ "Northeast Montana Health Services". Northeast Montana Health Services. 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-03. 

External links[edit]