Poplar Bluff, Missouri
|Poplar Bluff, Missouri|
Rodgers Theatre Building (Art Deco architecture)
|Nickname(s): Gateway to the Ozarks, The Bluff, PB|
|Motto: A Community of Opportunity|
Location of Poplar Bluff, Missouri
|• Mayor||Angela Pearson|
|• Mayor Pro tem||Jack Rushin|
|• City Manager||Heath Kaplan|
|• Total||12.98 sq mi (33.62 km2)|
|• Land||12.91 sq mi (33.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.18 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||17,169|
|• Density||1,318.6/sq mi (509.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0751712|
|Website||City of Poplar Bluff, Missouri|
Poplar Bluff is a city in Butler County located in Southeast Missouri in the United States. It is the county seat of Butler County and is known as "The Gateway to the Ozarks" among other names. The population was 17,023 at the 2010 census.
Poplar Bluff is located at  along the Black River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.98 square miles (33.62 km2), of which, 12.91 square miles (33.44 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.(36.756944, −90.392778),
Poplar Bluff takes its name from a bluff that overlooks Black River. When first settled, the bluff was covered with tulip poplar trees. The Butler County Courthouse and the offices of the city's Daily American Republic newspaper sit on this site. Poplar Bluff lies along an escarpment separating the Ozark Foothills from the Mississippi embayment in Southeast Missouri. The foothills lie to the north and west and the embayment is to the south and east. The surrounding area is commonly known as the "Three Rivers" with many local organizations and businesses using the name. The three rivers—Current River, Black River, and St. Francis River—are 40 miles apart with Poplar Bluff located in the center on the Black River.
Hernando de Soto's exploration party were the first European visitors to the Poplar Bluff area. When De Soto crossed the Mississippi River in 1539, he traveled to a point below the mouth of the St. Francis River and eventually passed through present-day Butler County. De Soto and his men traveled through what is now Ash Hill and passed just outside of Poplar Bluff.
The French were the first Europeans to assert any territorial rights over the Poplar Bluff area. The French held the area until 1770 when it was ceded by treaty to Spain. Spain held the area until 1802 when it was returned to France. During this time the area of Poplar Bluff, as well as all of Butler County, held almost no European settlements up until 1819, when the first white settler family moved into the Poplar Bluff area. It was reported that about 300 Native Americans resided in the area at that time.
The earliest permanent settlements in what is now Butler County occurred in the early 19th century along the Natchitoches Trail, an old Native American Trail west of what is now Poplar Bluff on Ten Mile Creek and Cane Creek. Butler County was organized in 1849 and Poplar Bluff was chosen as the county seat. In 1855 the first courthouse was built and the town grew. Finally, on February 9, 1870, Poplar Bluff was incorporated.
As of the census of 2010, there were 17,023 people, 7,181 households, and 4,154 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,318.6 inhabitants per square mile (509.1/km2). There were 8,038 housing units at an average density of 622.6 per square mile (240.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.79% White, 9.97% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.06% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 2.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.
There were 7,181 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.1% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.2% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.9% male and 54.1% female.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were 16,651 people, 7,077 households, and 4,295 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,438.9 people per square mile (555.7/km²). There were 7,871 housing units at an average density of 680.2 per square mile (262.7/km²).
The racial makeup of the city was 87.04% White, 9.71% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.48% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population.
There were 7,870 households out of which 52.7% were married couples living together, 20.28% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.9.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,068, and the median income for a family was $28,744. The per capita income for the city was $13,996. About 19.3% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.4% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over.
Poplar Bluff operates under the Council–Manager form of government. The city manager appoints heads of various city departments and agencies including Airport Director, Art Museum Director, Black River Coliseum Director, Finance, Personnel, Collections Director, Fire Department Chief, City Planner, Police Chief, and Street Superintendent.
The Poplar Bluff R-1 School District serves the educational needs of most of the residents of Poplar Bluff and the surrounding area. There are seven elementary schools, one junior high and one senior high school in the school district. During the 2008–2009 school year, there was a total of 4,934 students and 374 certified staff members enrolled in the Poplar Bluff R-1 School District. The school colors are maroon and white and its mascot is the mule. Athletics offered in the school district include boys' and girls' basketball, soccer, track, cross country, and tennis; boys' baseball, golf, football, and wrestling; and girls' softball, volleyball, cheerleading, and swimming.
- Poplar Bluff Early Childhood Center
- Mark Twain Kindergarten Center
- O'Neal Elementary
- Oak Grove Elementary
- Lake Road Elementary
- Eugene Field Elementary
- Poplar Bluff 5th and 6th Grade Center
- Poplar Bluff Junior High School
- Poplar Bluff Senior High School
- Sacred Heart Catholic School
- Thomas M. Lane Seventh-day Adventist Church School
- Westwood Baptist Academy
Colleges and universities
Three Rivers Community College is located in Poplar Bluff and provides college courses along with career and technical programs. Three Rivers offers the same freshman and sophomore level classes as many four-year public universities. The school colors are gold and black and its mascot is Rocky Raider. Three Rivers Basketball Coach Gene Bess has been recognized as the NJCAA "all time most winning Junior College coach".
- Linda Bloodworth-Thomason: Television producer (Designing Women)
- Leroy Griffith: theater owner and film producer
- Tyler Hansbrough: NBA basketball player for the Toronto Raptors and Indiana Pacers. Won the 2009 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament at UNC Chapel Hill.
- Ben Hansbrough: NBA Basketball player for the Indiana Pacers
- Scott Innes: radio broadcaster and voice actor for Scooby-Doo
- Tim Lollar: professional baseball pitcher
- Julie McCullough: actress/model (Growing Pains and Playboy Playmate)
- Derland Moore: professional football player
- Jamie Teachenor: platinum-selling singer/songwriter
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Missouri Population 1900–1990" (CSV). Missouri Census Data Center. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- "Missouri School District Directory: Poplar Bluff R-I". Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- "Gene Bess". Raiders Athletics. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Poplar Bluff.|
- Old images by Poplar Bluff
- The History of Butler County 1870–1930
- Poplar Bluff Historical Preservation Commission
- Three Rivers Community College (TRCC)
- The Poplar Bluff R-1 School District
- Poplar Bluff Municipal Airport
- Ozark Weather & Radar
- Historic maps of Poplar Bluff in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri