Lymph glands of popliteal fossa, with popliteal vein labeled.
|anterior tibial, posterior tibial, small saphenous|
The popliteal vein is formed by the junction of the venae comitantes of the anterior and posterior tibial arteries at the lower border of the popliteus muscle on the medial side of the popliteal artery. As it ascends through the fossa, it crosses behind the popliteal artery so that it comes to lie on its lateral side. It passes through the opening in the adductor magnus to become the femoral vein.
The tributaries of the popliteal vein are as follows:
- Veins that correspond to branches given off by the popliteal artery (see popliteal artery).
- Small saphenous vein, which perforates the deep fascia and passes between the two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle to end in the popliteal vein.
- Moore K.L. and Dalley A.F. (2006), Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 5th Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Toronto, page 636