Popular Front (Tunisia)
|French name||Front populaire|
|Founded||October 7, 2012|
|Ideology||Marxism–Leninism (majority faction),
Arab nationalism (minority faction)
|Parties||See member parties|
|Assembly of the
of the People
|Politics of Tunisia
The Popular Front for the realization of the objectives of the revolution (Arabic: الجبهة الشعبية لتحقيق أهداف الثورة; French: Front populaire pour la réalisation des objectifs de la révolution), short Popular Front (al-Jabha), is a leftist political alliance and electoral alliance in Tunisia, made up of nine political parties and numerous independents.
The coalition was formed in October 2012, bringing together 12 mainly left wing Tunisian parties including the Democratic Patriots' Movement, the Workers' Party, Green Tunisia, the Movement of Socialist Democrats (which has left), the Tunisian Ba'ath Movement and Party of the Democratic Arab Vanguard, two different parties of the Iraqi branch of Ba'ath Party, and other Progressive parties. The number of parties involved in the coalition has since decreased to nine. Approximately 15,000 people attended the coalition's first meeting in Tunis.
The 2011 Tunisian Revolution saw the departure of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the dissolution of his party, the Constitutional Democratic Rally, and the holding of fresh elections for the creation of a new constitution. This saw the Tunisian political scene dominated by the Islamist Ennahda Movement, and its allies the Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties, the Progressive Democratic Party, and the Congress for the Republic.
Former Prime Minister Béji Caïd Essebsi then decided to return to Tunisian political life, and formed a new party known as the Nidaa Tounes, which is mostly composed of secular Tunisians, including centrists and those who are more right wing, including former supporters of the RCD. Twelve leftist parties then decided to form a Popular Front in order to better consolidate the previously divided Tunisian left wing so as to be able to compete more effectively in the upcoming elections.
Murder of Chokri Belaid
The 48-year-old coordinator of the Popular Front coalition, Chokri Belaid, was killed by an unknown gunman on 6 February 2013. An estimated 1,400,000 people took part in his funeral, while protesters clashed with police and Ennahda supporters, who held a separate rally, attended by an estimated 15,000 people, on the day of the funeral defending the party against calls to give up power. The ruling Ennahda Movement denied involvement in his death. The Popular Front, along with the secular Republican Party and Nidaa Tounes, subsequently announced they would withdraw from the national assembly and call for a general strike. On 9 April 2013, Mohamed Brahmi, General Secretary of the minor People's Movement, which holds 2 seats in the National Constituent Assembly, announced the decision of his party to join the Popular Front.
Murder of Mohamed Brahmi
On 25 July 2013, Mohamed Brahmi, a member of the Popular Front, was assassinated. Numerous protests erupted in the streets following his assassination.
|Election year||# of total votes||% of overall vote||# of seats|
|Constituent Assembly of Tunisia|
|Assembly of the Representatives of the People|
- Workers' Party (PT; formerly Tunisian Workers' Communist Party) led by Hamma Hammami – Marxist-Leninist
- Party of United Democratic Patriots (Watad), merger of:
- Tunisian Ba'ath Movement led by Othmen Bel Haj Amor - Ba'athist, part of the pro-Iraqi Ba'ath Party
- People's Current, founded in July 2013 Mohamed Brahmi after his resignation from the Popular Movement and shortly before his assassination, now led by Zouhair Hamdi and Brahmi's widow Mbarka Aouainia
- The Pole (al Qotb), led by Riadh Ben Fadhel, joined the Popular Front in June 2013
- Workers' Left League (LGO), led by Jalel Ben Brik Zoghlami – Trotskyist
- Popular Party for Liberty and Progress (PPLP) led by Jalloul Azzouna – socialist
- Party of the Democratic Arab Vanguard led by Kheireddine Souabni - Ba'athism (pro-Iraqi branch)
- Unionist Popular Front led by Amor Mejri - pan-Arabist, Marxist
These parties were temporarily affiliated with the Popular Front, but have left it:
- Movement of Socialist Democrats (MDS) – social-democratic
- People's Movement formerly led by Mohamed Brahmi – Arab nationalist (Nasserist)
- Progressive People's Party, led by Mohamed Lassoued – Marxist-Leninist
- Green Tunisia, led by Abdelkader Zitouni – Green
- "Popular Front Opposition Quits Tunisian Assembly After Chokri Belaid's Murder". Huffington Post. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Tunisian PM fails to form technocratic government". Mmegi. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- Tunisia: A new stage in left regroupment
- Jano Charbel (13 October 2014). "The left of the Arab world". Mada Masr. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- Popular Front is Born
- "Tunisian opposition groups call a strike, pull out of national assembly". Al Arabiya. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Yasmine Ryan (23 October 2012). "Features Tunisian politicians struggle to deliver". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Tunisie: Plus d’un million de Tunisiens aux obsèques de Chokri Belaïd
- "Tunisia pledges new govt after opposition leader's killing". Daily Star. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "Tunisia: 'Echaab' Movement Joins Popular Front"