Popular Movement

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Popular Movement
Leader Mohand Laenser
Founded 1957; 57 years ago (1957)
Headquarters Rabat, Morocco
Ideology Royalism[1]
Rural interests
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation Liberal International
Seats in the Assembly of Representatives:
32 / 325
Politics of Morocco
Political parties

The Popular Movement (Arabic: الحركة الشعبيةAl-Haraket Al-Sha'ebiya French: Mouvement populaire) is a royalist party in Morocco.

History and profile[edit]

The Popular Movement was founded in 1957 by the Berber tribal chief Mahjoubi Aherdane with help from Abdelkrim al-Khatib who founded later a splinter party (Mouvement populaire démocratique et constitutionnel) that became the Justice and Development Party. It was initially a rural party with conservative and tribal orientation,[2] that unconditionally supported the monarchy[3] and aimed at countering nationalist Istiqlal Party.[2] Although the party has been dominated by Tamazight (Berber) speakers, it has not developed a distinct Berber agenda.[4]

The present party results from a 25 March 2006 merger between the main party which had kept the original name and two splinter parties, the National Popular Movement (Mouvement National Populaire, Alharaka alwatania ashaabia) and the Democratic Union (Union démocratique).[5][6]

The party is a full member of Liberal International, which it joined at the latter's Dakar Congress in 2003.[7]

In the parliamentary election held on 27 September 2002, the party won 27 out of 325 seats. It improved its standing in the parliamentary election held on 7 September 2007, winning 41 out of 325 seats.[8]


  1. ^ Willis, Michael J. (2012), Politics and Power in the Maghreb: Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco from Independence to the Arab Spring, C. Hurst & Co., p. 125 
  2. ^ a b James N. Sater (2012), "New wine in old bottles: Political parties under Mohammed VI", Contemporary Morocco: State, Politics and Society under Mohammed VI (Routledge): 11 
  3. ^ Marvine Howe (2005), Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges, Oxford University Press, p. 99 
  4. ^ Michael J. Willis (2008), "The Politics of Berber (Amazight) Identity: Algeria and Morocco Compared", North Africa: Politics, Region, and the Limits of Transformation (Routledge): 233 
  5. ^ M’Hamed Hamrouch, Mahjoubi Aherdane accusé d’avoir provoqué le retrait du MP du gouvernement, Aujourd'hui Le Maroc, 19 October 2008
  6. ^ Hicham Bennani, Mouvement populaire: Prémices d’un éclatement, Le Journal Hebdomadaire, 11 April 2009
  7. ^ Entry on the Popular Movement Liberal International.
  8. ^ "Moroccans favor conservative party instead of ushering in Islamic party", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 9 September 2007.

External links[edit]