Popular Unity Candidates
|This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. (July 2013)|
|Candidatura d'Unitat Popular|
|Founded||December 14, 1986, as the AMEI (Assemblea Municipal de l'Esquerra Independentista)|
Plaça de Gispert, 4, 1rManresa
Direct democracy, Euroscepticism
|Colours||Yellow, Red, Black.|
|Parliament of Catalonia|
The Popular Unity Candidates (Catalan: Candidatura d'Unitat Popular, CUP) are a radical left-wing pro-Catalan independence political party active in the Catalan Countries. The CUP have traditionally concentrated on municipal politics, and are made up of a series of autonomous candidatures that run in local elections. Their presence is the strongest in Catalonia proper.
In 2012, the CUP decided for the first time to run for Catalan parliamentary elections, gaining 3 MPs out of 135.
The CUP are made up of autonomous local assemblies representing towns or neighbourhoods. These assemblies may have some ideological differences, but their common ground is independence for the Catalan Countries and clear left-wing politics, often in the form of eco-socialism or libertarian socialism.
The different local candidatures are coordinated through the Municipal Assembly of the Independentist Left (AMEI in Catalan) where the details regarding their party platform are discussed. On both the local and national level, decisions are made in assembly according to the principles of deliberative democracy.
The highly decentralized nature of this party stems from their belief in municipalism. The CUP consider municipal government "the only institutions within the reach of the general populace". The importance given to municipal assemblies is also meant to avoid the hierarchical organization of most traditional political parties.
The CUP website describes the entity as "an assembly-based political organization spread throughout the Catalan Countries that works for a country that's independent, socialist, environmentally sustainable and free from the domination of the patriarchy".
The CUP defend the unity of the Catalan-speaking areas, or Catalan Countries, which they believe should be allowed to constitute an independent republic, according to the principles of self-determination. The CUP are also strongly in favor of the Catalan language, which they should be the "preferential and common language" of the areas where it is traditionally spoken. Still, the 2012 CUP program refers to the advantages of multilingualism and encourages debate on the status that an independent Catalonia would grant to French and Spanish.
The CUP criticise the current political system in place in Spain and France, and defend an alternative brand of participative democracy. They have proposed, for example, that the general public be allowed to vote on important issues in referenda, and have suggested the creation of representative recall (Catalan: Iniciativa Popular Revocatòria), which would allow the general public to remove elected officials from office before their term expires. As part of their belief in municipalism, they have also defended the creation of an Assembly of Councillors (Catalan: Assemblea de Regidors i Regidores Electes), made up of municipal councillors, as a national representative body.
The CUP broadly refers to their economic model as socialist. Their political program calls for a "planned economy based on solidarity, aimed towards fulfilling the needs of the people", and defends the nationalization of public utilities, and the transportation an communication networks. They also call for a nationalization of all banks receiving government bailouts and consider the public debt "illegitimate".
The CUP believe in full civic rights for all inhabitants of the Catalan Countries, including migrants. They also call for voting rights for everyone over 16 years of age, as well as an end to descrimination against women and LGBT people.
Since 2003, the presence of the CUP in Catalan municipal politics has increased steadily.
In 2003, the CUP ran alone in 10 municipalities in Catalonia, winning four council seats in three towns. In 8 more municipalities, the CUP ran as part of local coalitions.
From 2007-2011, the CUP held a total of 26 council seats in 17 different municipalities in Catalonia; these were obtained either under the CUP name alone or in coalition with local political parties. In the 2007 municipal elections, the CUP obtained 18,000 votes, or about 0.65% of the votes cast.
In the 2011 municipal elections, the CUP ran in 80 of Catalonia's 947 municipalities, winning about 62,000 votes (2.16% of those cast), and coming in as the 6th largest party in terms of vote share. As a result, the CUP now hold a total of 104 municipal council seats; four towns currently have CUP mayors. Also, they hold 11 seats on different comarca councils.
2012 Catalan parliamentary elections
In 2012, after snap elections were declared by Catalan president Artur Mas, different local branches of the CUP organized assemblies open to the general public in order to debate whether the CUP should run. On October 13, the general assembly of the CUP met in Molins de Rei and decided, with 77% in favor, to run for the first time in the Catalan parliamentary elections. For this purpose, the CUP decided use the name Candidatura d'Unitat Popular – Alternativa d'Esquerres (Popular Unity Candidates – Left-Wing Alternative), in order to include independent candidates who chose to run on CUP lists. David Fernàndez, a journalist from Gràcia, was chosen to head the list for Barcelona.
The CUP promised that, if elected, their candidates would only serve one term, earn no more than €1,600 a month, and base their decisions on the opinions expressed by local assemblies. They also promised not to request any loans from banks, so as to avoid being influenced by "financial groups and economic élites".
The CUP was able to win representation in the Catalan Parliament with three seats, and 126,219 votes. The three CUP seats went to the party's spokesman David Fernàndez, Georgina Rieradevall (number two on the list), and Quim Arrufat (number three on the list). These results are historic for the CUP, but their spokesman emphasizes that they must keep on working and fighting in the streets for a better future.
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Notes|
- http://www.unitatpopular.cat/programa[dead link]
- http://www.unitatpopular.cat/programa/principis-d-accio-politica[dead link]
- Spanish Government (2011-05-23). "Local Elections Official Results". Government of Spain. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- http://www.unitatpopular.cat/candidats-i-candidates/barcelona[dead link]
- "David Fernàndez (CUP): 'La democràcia no es defensa al parlament, sinó al carrer'" (in Catalan). VilaWeb. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2014-10-25.