Population growth of Munich

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Coat of arms

This article contains the Population Growth of Munich via tables and graphs.

Population Growth[edit]

Population Growth

The population of Munich was only 24,000 in 1700, but it doubled every 30 years, and in 1852 the population exceeded 100,000, qualifying it a big city (Großstadt) by German administrative standards. By 1883, Munich had a population of 250,000; this doubled to 500,000 in 1901, making Munich the third largest city in the Deutsches Reich after Berlin and Hamburg.

The physical effects of the Second World War are clearly visible. Towards the end of the war, 90% of the historical old town had been destroyed in 73 aerial raids and half of the city was in ruins. Estimates for the impact of these raids on the population offer the figure of 6,000 dead. In total, Munich lost 34% of its population, with 279,000 people displaced through evacuation, migration, deportation, and made homeless through aerial attacks. The total population decreased from 829,000 in May 1939 to 550,000 in May 1945. The prewar population level was not regained until 1950.

Shortly before the city's 800th anniversary, on 15 December 1957, the millionth resident of Munich was born, making Munich the latest city to reach a population of one million out of 70 cities worldwide.[clarification needed] According to the Bavarian National Office for Statistics and Data Processing, the official figure for the population of Munich was 1,259,677 in December 2005 (only principal residences and with adjustments from other national offices). As of June 2007, it stood at 1,305,525.

The following summary shows the population according to historical local data. Up to 1824 the figures are mainly estimates; after that they are census results or official statistics from the local authorities. From 1871 onward, the figures given refer to the "population present in the town (ortsanwesende Bevölkerung); from 1925 the figures are the "resident population" (Wohnbevölkerung), and from since 1987 the figures are for the "population at the place of main residence" (Bevölkerung am Ort der Hauptwohnung). Before 1871, figures are from irregular survey methods.

From 1369 to 1944[edit]

Date Inhabitants
1369 10,810  
1396 11,267  
1440 9,488  
1462 12,614  
1500 13,447  
1600 18,000  
1630 20,000  
1700 24,000  
1722 29,097  
1750 32,000  
1771 31,000  
1781 37,840  
1794 34,277  
1801 40,450  
1810 40,638  
1813 51,396  
Date Inhabitants
1824 62,290  
1. June 1830 71,375 ¹
3 December 1840 82.736 ¹
3 December 1843 90.055 ¹
3 December 1846 94,830 ¹
3 December 1849 96,398 ¹
3 December 1852 106,715 ¹
3 December 1855 132,112 ¹
3 December 1858 137,095 ¹
3 December 1861 148,201 ¹
3 December 1864 167,054 ¹
3 December 1867 170,688 ¹
1 December 1871 169,693 ¹
1 December 1875 193,024 ¹
1 December 1880 230,023 ¹
1 December 1885 261,981 ¹
Date Inhabitants
1 December 1890 349,024 ¹
2 December 1895 407,307 ¹
1 December 1900 499,959 ¹
1 December 1905 509,067 ¹
1 December 1910 596,467 ¹
31 December 1913 640,000  
1 December 1916 594,096 ¹
5 December 1917 595.002 ¹
8 October 1919 630,711 ¹
31 December 1920 666,000  
16 June 1925 680,704 ¹
31 December 1930 728,900  
16 June 1933 735,388 ¹
31 December 1935 743,653  
17 May 1939 829,318 ¹
31 December 1940 834,500  

¹ Census figures

From 1945 to 1989[edit]

Date Inhabitants
8 May 1945 550,000  
31 December 1945 674,154  
29 October 1946 751,967 ¹
31 December 1947 788,100  
31 December 1948 801,500  
30 June 1949 814,228  
30 June 1950 823,892  
13 September 1950 831,937 ¹
30 June 1951 855,003  
30. June 1952 873,065  
30. June 1953 889,843  
30. June 1954 908,572  
30 June 1955 929,808  
30 June 1956 957,177  
25 September 1956 962,860 ¹
30 June 1957 986,028  
30 June 1958 1,011,878  
Date Inhabitants
30 June 1959 1,033,854  
30 June 1960 1,055,457  
6 June 1961 1,085,014 ¹
31 December 1961 1,106,298  
31 December 1962 1,142,622  
31 December 1963 1,166,160  
31 December 1964 1,192,614  
31 December 1965 1,214,603  
31 December 1966 1,235,548  
31 December 1967 1,244,237  
31 December 1968 1,279,405  
31 December 1969 1,326,331  
27 May 1970 1,293,590 ¹
31 December 1970 1,311,978  
31 December 1971 1,338,432  
31 December 1972 1,338,924  
31 December 1973 1,336,576  
Date Inhabitants  
31 December 1974 1,323,434  
31 December 1975 1,314,865  
31 December 1976 1,314,572  
31 December 1977 1,313,939  
31 December 1978 1,296,970  
31 December 1979 1,299,693  
31 December 1980 1,298,941  
31 December 1981 1,291,828  
31 December 1982 1,287,080  
31 December 1983 1,283,457  
31 December 1984 1,267,451  
31 December 1985 1,266,549  
31 December 1986 1,274,716  
25 May 1987 1,185,421 ¹
31 December 1987 1,201,479  
31 December 1988 1,211,617  
31 December 1989 1,206,683  

¹ Census figures

From 1990[edit]

Date Inhabitants  
31 December 1990 1,229,026  
31 December 1991 1,229,052  
31 December 1992 1,256,638  
31 December 1993 1,255,623  
31 December 1994 1,244,676  
31 December 1995 1,236,370  
Date Inhabitants  
31 December 1996 1,225,809  
31 December 1997 1,205,923  
31 December 1998 1,188,897  
31 December 1999 1,194,560  
31 December 2000 1,210,223  
31 December 2001 1,227,958  
Date Inhabitants  
31 December 2002 1,234,692  
31 December 2003 1,247,873  
31 December 2004 1,249,176  
31 December 2005 1,259,677  
31 December 2006 1,294,608  
30 September 2007 1,305,525  

¹ Census figures

Source: Bavarian Regional Authority for Statistics and Data Handling (Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung).

Population Forecast[edit]

The Bertelsmann Foundation provides data for population and population growth for 2,959 municipalities in Germany (January 2006 publication). In Munich, the population is forecast to rise by 7.8% between 2003 and 2020 (96,988 persons).

Projected population growth 2003-2020 for Munich (principal residences):

Date Inhabitants
31 December 2010 1,314,947
31 December 2015 1,340,514
31 December 2020 1,344,861

Source: Bertelsmann Foundation

In the city administration's 2002 planning forecast, a 2% rise of the legally resident[clarification needed] population (principal and secondary residences) between 2001 and 2015 is predicted. For immigration, a 7.2% rise is predicted and for stagnation[clarification needed], a decrease of 1.7%. Absolute population trend 2001-2015 - Forecast for Munich (principal and secondary residences):

Year Planning
forecast
Projected
Immigration[clarification needed]
Projected
Stagnation[clarification needed]
31 December 2001 1,404,000 1,404.000 1,404,000
31 December 2005 1,421,000 1,447.000 1,405,000
31 December 2010 1,421,000 1,486.000 1,386,000
31 December 2015 1,432,000 1,505.000 1,380,000

Source: Munich Statistical Office (Statistisches Amt der Landeshauptstadt München).

Population Structure[edit]

In December 2005, the proportion of foreigners was 23.3% or 300,129 persons in absolute figures. The largest groups of these are Turks (43.309), Croatians (24,866), Serbians (24,439), Greeks (22,486), Austrians (21,411) and Italians (20,847). 37% of foreigners in Munich come from countries within the European Union.

Population As of 31 December 2005
Legitimate Population 1,436,725
of which male 707,047
female 729,678
Inhabitants with principal residence 1,288,307
of which male 623,920
female 664,387
Inhabitants with secondary residence 148,418
of which male 83,127
female 65,291
Germans with principal residence 988,178
of which male 466,400
female 521,778
Foreigners with principal residence 300,129
of which male 157,520
female 142,609
Foreigner proportion in % 23.3

Source: Munich Statistical Office (Statistisches Amt der Landeshauptstadt München).

Age Distribution[edit]

Population pyramid - Age Distribution 2010

The following shows the age distribution from the 31 December 2005 (principal residences).

Age from - to Inhabitant Count Proportion in %
0 - 5 68,853 5.3
6 - 14 88,518 6.9
15 - 44 575,131 44.6
45 - 64 330,516 25.7
over 65 225,289 17.5
Total 1,288,307 100.0

Source: Munich Statistical Office (Statistisches Amt der Landeshauptstadt München).

Boroughs[edit]

The following number of inhabitants refer to principal residences as of the 31 December 2006.

Name Area in km² Inhabitant Count Inhabitants per km²
Allach-Untermenzing 15.45 27,730 1,795
Altstadt-Lehel 3.16 18,876 5,973
Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied 34.06 37,857 1,111
Au-Haidhausen 4.22 54,382 12,887
Berg am Laim 6.31 39,009 6,182
Bogenhausen 23.71 75,657 3,191
Feldmoching-Hasenbergl 28.71 54,245 1,889
Hadern 9.23 44,993 4,875
Laim 5.29 50,082 9,457
Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt 4.39 45,736 10,418
Maxvorstadt 4.29 46,058 10,736
Milbertshofen-Am Hart 13.37 66,992 5,011
Moosach 11.09 47,754 4,306
Neuhausen-Nymphenburg 12.92 84,604 6,548
Obergiesing 5.71 47,007 8,232
Pasing-Obermenzing 16.50 63,763 3,864
Ramersdorf-Perlach 19.90 102,689 5,160
Schwabing-Freimann 25.67 62,430 2,432
Schwabing-West 4.37 59,553 13,628
Schwanthalerhöhe 2.07 26,103 12,610
Sendling 3.94 37,146 9,428
Sendling-Westpark 7.81 50,903 6,518
Thalkirchen-Obersendling
-Forstenried-Fürstenried-Solln
17.75 80,701 4,547
Trudering-Riem 22.45 53,915 2,401
Untergiesing-Harlaching 8.06 48,075 5,965
Munich 310.43 1,326,206 4,272

Source: Munich Statistical Office (Statistisches Amt der Landeshauptstadt München).[1] (German)

Ethnic groups[edit]

As of 2001 there are about 2,200 Japanese in Munich. The Japanische Internationale Schule München, an international primary and junior high school, serves some Japanese students. Others may go to the Munich International School or German schools. As of about 2001 most Japanese residents of Munich work in the electronics sector and stay in shifts of 3-5 years.[2]

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Kaiserliches Statistisches Amt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1880-1918 (German)
  • Statistisches Reichsamt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für das Deutsche Reich, 1919-1941/42 (German)
  • Deutscher Städtetag (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch Deutscher Gemeinden , 1890 ff. (German)
  • Statistisches Bundesamt (Hrsg.): Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1952 ff. (German)

Data Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Statistisches Amt der Landeshauptstadt - Bevölkerungszahlen
  2. ^ Behr, Sabine. "Erster Spatenstich für japanische Schule" (Archive). Die Welt. 7 November 2001. Retrieved on 6 January 2014. "Rund 2200 Japaner leben derzeit in München. Sie bleiben durchschnittlich drei bis fünf Jahre hier. Die meisten von ihnen arbeiten in der Elektronikbranche. Die Kinder können, je nach Deutschkenntnissen auch deutsche Schulen oder die Munich International School in Starnberg besuchen."