Porcellio scaber

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Porcellio scaber
Porcellio scaber (AU)-left 01.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Isopoda
Suborder: Oniscidea
Family: Porcellionidae
Genus: Porcellio
Species: P. scaber
Binomial name
Porcellio scaber
Latreille, 1804[1]

Porcellio scaber (otherwise known as the common rough woodlouse or simply rough woodlouse), is a species of European woodlouse.

Distribution[edit]

Porcellio scaber is found across Central and Western Europe.[2] In the United Kingdom, it is one of the "big five" species of woodlouse. It has also colonised North America, South Africa and other areas, largely through human activity.[3] It is also the most common species of woodlouse found in Australian gardens.[4]

Description[edit]

P. scaber can grow up to 20mm long, and is usually a grey colour, paler underneath, although brown, yellow or pinkish hues may also be observed. It lives in a wide variety of habitats which contain reasonable levels of humidity, but it is less dependent on water than Oniscus asellus.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Porcellio scaber". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  2. ^ "Porcellio scaber". 2.6.1. Fauna Europaea. May 24, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  3. ^ Slabber, S. & S.L. Chown (2002). "The first record of a terrestrial crustacean, Porcellio scaber (Isopoda, Porcellionidae), from sub-Antarctic Marion Island". Polar Biology 25: 855–858. doi:10.1007/s00300-002-0420-9. 
  4. ^ "Crustaceans at the bottom of the garden!". Museum of Victoria. Retrieved 2011-07-10. 
  5. ^ "Porcellio scaber - a woodlouse". Natural England. Retrieved January 19, 2009.