Pornichet

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Pornichet
Sunset at the entrance to the port of Pornichet
Sunset at the entrance to the port of Pornichet
Coat of arms of Pornichet
Coat of arms
Pornichet is located in France
Pornichet
Pornichet
Coordinates: 47°16′39″N 2°20′20″W / 47.2775°N 2.3389°W / 47.2775; -2.3389Coordinates: 47°16′39″N 2°20′20″W / 47.2775°N 2.3389°W / 47.2775; -2.3389
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Department Loire-Atlantique
Arrondissement Saint-Nazaire
Canton La Baule-Escoublac
Intercommunality région nazairienne et l'estuaire
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Robert Belliot
Area1 12.67 km2 (4.89 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 10,502
 • Density 830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 44132 / 44380
Elevation 0–44 m (0–144 ft)
Website http://www.mairie-pornichet.fr/

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Pornichet is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Pornichet is a coastal town of the Côte d'Amour, located a tens of kilometers west of Saint-Nazaire.

The adjacent towns are Saint-Nazaire and La Baule-Escoublac.

Physical geography[edit]

The town of Pornichet is located

  • on the line sillon de Guérande, orientated NW-SE ; the town border is located on the Route de Guérande, D392d, at approximately 4 km from the shore, at a place called Pont de Terre (railway junction) at the Quatre Vents ;
  • on a coastal rock belt located upfront of the sillon de Guérande (same orientation), between two rock heads, the Pointe du Bec and the Pointe de la Lande (border with Saint-Nazaire), separated of 4,25 km ;
  • on sandy terranes part of the sand dune unit of Escoublac, between the place named Mazy (border with La Baule-Escoublac) and the Pointe du Bec (length : 2 km ; width : 100 m at Mazy, 1 km at the head) ;
  • on former swamp area (racetrack).

The lowest altitude (except shoreline) is of 4 m at the racetrack ; The dune behind the beach of the Libraires reaches 9 m. The cliffs of Bonne Source and Sainte-Marguerite can reach 12 m. Going in lands, altitudes progressively increase up to 44 m ; the highest point is located in the hamlet called Ville ès Blais.

Shore and beaches[edit]

Pornichet has three beaches : in the West, the Beach of the Libraires (plage des Libraires), of 2 km length, is part of the Bay of Pouliguen (baie du Pouliguen), shared with La Baule ; the border is marked by the Mazy creek (currently underground). In the Est, between the Pointe du Bec and the Pointe de la Lande, are located the beaches of Bonne-Source (2,5 km) and Sainte-Marguerite (1,5 km), separated by a rocky head called the Pointe de Congrigoux.

Toponymy[edit]

The name of Pornichet comes from Port Niché, which could be translated by Port in a niche. The town is named following its principal characteristic a port located in an alcove along a salt-work channel, which was connecting the salt-works (current racetrack) and the bay.

History[edit]

Until the town was created in 1900, Pornichet was a hamlet of Saint-Nazaire.

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]