Poronaysk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Poronaysk (English)
Поронайск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Sakhalin Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Sakhalin Oblast in Russia
Poronaysk is located in Sakhalin Oblast
Poronaysk
Poronaysk
Location of Poronaysk in Sakhalin Oblast
Coordinates: 49°13′N 143°07′E / 49.217°N 143.117°E / 49.217; 143.117Coordinates: 49°13′N 143°07′E / 49.217°N 143.117°E / 49.217; 143.117
Coat of Arms of Poronaysk (Sakhalin oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakhalin Oblast[1]
Administrative district Poronaysky District[1]
Administrative center of Poronaysky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2012)
Urban okrug Poronaysky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Poronaysky Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 16,120 inhabitants[3]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[4]
Founded 1869[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 42431[citation needed]
Official website
Poronaysk on WikiCommons

Poronaysk (Russian: Порона́йск; Japanese: 敷香, Shisuka; Ainu: Sistukari or Sisi Tukari[5]) is a town and the administrative center of Poronaysky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia, located on the Poronay River 288 kilometers (179 mi) north of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population: 16,120 (2010 Census);[3] 17,954 (2002 Census);[6] 25,971 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1869 as a Russian outpost Tikhmenevsky near the Nivkh and Ainu settlements in the area.[citation needed] The Treaty of Portsmouth transferred it to Japanese control along with the rest of the southern half of the island of Sakhalin. It was renamed Shikuka (敷香?), remaining under Japanese control until the Soviet Army retook the whole of the island in 1945.

After the town had been granted to the Soviet Union, it was named Poronaysk in 1946, after the river on which it stands. The river's name is from Ainu poro nay, meaning Broad River, Big River, or Growing River.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Poronaysk serves as the administrative center of Poronaysky District and is subordinated to it.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Poronaysk, one urban-type settlement, and eleven rural localities of Poronaysky District are incorporated as Poronaysky Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Poronaysk has a paper mill, as well as timber and fishing industries. Sakhalinskaya GRES power station is supplied with coal from an open cut mine close to the town.

Transportation[edit]

The town lies on the island's railway network, as well as on the main highway connecting Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk with Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky.

Climate[edit]

Poronaysk, owing to the cold Sea of Okhotsk surrounding the town, has a subarctic climate (Dfc) with short, mild and very foggy summers and very cold winters.

Climate data for Poronaysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
5.1
(41.2)
12.7
(54.9)
19.2
(66.6)
33.5
(92.3)
33.9
(93)
36.2
(97.2)
33.0
(91.4)
28.9
(84)
21.5
(70.7)
16.1
(61)
8.4
(47.1)
36.2
(97.2)
Average high °C (°F) −12.5
(9.5)
−9
(16)
−3.1
(26.4)
3.5
(38.3)
8.4
(47.1)
12.5
(54.5)
16.8
(62.2)
19.3
(66.7)
16.2
(61.2)
9.5
(49.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
−8.9
(16)
4.2
(39.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.2
(1)
−14.2
(6.4)
−7.8
(18)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.4
(39.9)
8.9
(48)
13.6
(56.5)
15.6
(60.1)
12.1
(53.8)
5.0
(41)
−4.8
(23.4)
−13.6
(7.5)
4.0
(39.2)
Average low °C (°F) −22
(−8)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−13.3
(8.1)
−3.9
(25)
1.0
(33.8)
5.8
(42.4)
10.7
(51.3)
12.4
(54.3)
7.9
(46.2)
0.5
(32.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
−18
(0)
−4
(25)
Record low °C (°F) −39.8
(−39.6)
−39.1
(−38.4)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
0.3
(32.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−13.2
(8.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−35.4
(−31.7)
−39.8
(−39.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 21.1
(0.831)
20.7
(0.815)
32.6
(1.283)
47.8
(1.882)
68.7
(2.705)
70.5
(2.776)
85.1
(3.35)
99.0
(3.898)
125.8
(4.953)
82.2
(3.236)
55.5
(2.185)
32.5
(1.28)
740.3
(29.146)
Source #1: Thermo-Karelia
Source #2: World Climate

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #25-ZO
  2. ^ a b c Law #524
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Bronisław Piłsudski, Jan Michał Rozwadowski, Materials for the study of the Ainu language and folklore, Imperial academy of sciences (Spasowicz fund), 1912, p. 177.
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ The Russian presence in Japan

Sources[edit]

  • Сахалинская областная Дума. Закон №25-ЗО от 23 марта 2011 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Сахалинской области», в ред. Закона №62-ЗО от 27 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 10 Закона Сахалинской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Сахалинской области"». Вступил в силу 9 апреля 2011 г.. Опубликован: "Губернские ведомости", №55(3742), 29 марта 2011 г. (Sakhalin Oblast Duma. Law #25-ZO of March 23, 2011 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Sakhalin Oblast, as amended by the Law #62-ZO of June 27, 2013 On Amending Article 10 of the Law of Sakhalin Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Sakhalin Oblast". Effective as of April 9, 2011.).
  • Сахалинская областная Дума. Закон №524 от 21 июля 2004 г. «О границах и статусе муниципальных образований в Сахалинской области», в ред. Закона №45-ЗО от 27 мая 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Сахалинской области "О границах и статусе муниципальных образований в Сахалинской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Губернские ведомости", №175–176(2111–2112), 31 июля 2004 г. (Sakhalin Oblast Duma. Law #524 of July 21, 2004 On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations in Sakhalin Oblast, as amended by the Law #45-ZO of May 27, 2013 On Amending the Law of Sakhalin Oblast "On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations in Sakhalin Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).