Porsche Cayman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Porsche Cayman S)
Jump to: navigation, search
Porsche Cayman
Porsche Cayman (981).png
A 2014 Porsche Cayman
Overview
Manufacturer Porsche
Production 2005–present
Assembly Stuttgart, Germany
Uusikaupunki, Finland (Valmet, 2005-2011)[1]
Osnabrück, Germany (Karmann, 2012-onwards)
Designer Pinky Lai
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout RMR layout
Related Porsche Boxster
Powertrain
Engine 2.7 L H6
2.9 L H6
3.4 L H6
Transmission 5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
7-speed PDK
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2006-2012: 2,416 mm (95.1 in)
2013-present: 2,474 mm (97.4 in)
Length 2006-2008: 4,372 mm (172.1 in)
2009–2012: 4,376 mm (172 in)
2013–present: 4,374 mm (172 in)
Width 2006-present: 1,801 mm (70.9 in)
Height 2006-2008: 1,305 mm (51.4 in)
2009–2012: 1,303 mm (51 in)
2013-present: 1,293 mm (51 in)
Kerb weight 1,340 kg (2,954 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Porsche 968

The Porsche Cayman is a rear mid-engined, rear wheel drive 2-seat luxury sports car produced by Porsche AG of Germany. First launched in the 2006 model year, the Cayman is a coupé derived from Porsche's second and third generation Boxster roadster. Like the Boxster, most Caymans were assembled in Finland for Porsche by Valmet Automotive (the rest are assembled in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany). Porsche's Deputy Chairman, Holger P. Haerter stated that their contract with Valmet Automotive will end in 2012, and the Cayman's production will be outsourced to Magna Steyr Fahrzeugtechnik of Graz, Austria. (Panorama, 2008). More recently, as Volkswagen assumed ultimate control of Porsche AG, that agreement fell through, and the production of both Caymans and Boxsters after 2012 will be in the former Karmann plant in Osnabrück, Germany, now owned by Volkswagen and used for production of the new 2012 Golf Cabriolet.[2]

2006 Cayman S

Name[edit]

Cayman is an alternate spelling of caiman, a reptile in the same family as the alligator. The car is not named after the Cayman Islands; rather the islands also derive their name from the caiman. On the same day that the first Caymans arrived at dealerships for sale, Porsche adopted four caimans at Stuttgart's Wilhelma Zoo.[3]

Porsche has been protective of their Cayman trademark and in 2009 the sports car maker brought an infringement lawsuit against Crocs, the maker of the popular rubber shoes. At issue was the footwear company's clog name also called Cayman. An injunction was granted against Crocs Europe, a division of the Longmont, Colorado based shoe company preventing their use in Germany of the Cayman name.[4]

First generation[edit]

After two years of development, the first model of the coupé to be released was the Cayman S (type 987120). Photographs and technical details were released in May 2005, but the public unveiling did not take place until the September Frankfurt Motor Show. The S suffix (for Sport[5] or Special[6]) indicated that this was a higher performance version of a then unreleased normal model. That model, the Cayman (987110), went on sale in July 2006. A motorsport-tuned model, the Cayman RS, is rumored to have been tested at the Nürburgring that same year.[7]

2006 Porsche Cayman S

The Cayman coupé (project 987c) and the second generation Boxster roadster (project 987) shared the same mid-engined platform and many components, including the front fenders and trunk lid, side doors, headlights, taillights and forward portion of the interior. The design of the Cayman's body incorporates styling cues from classic Porsches; 356/1, the 550 Coupé and the 904 Coupé.[8][9] Unlike the Boxster, the Cayman has a large hatchback for access to luggage areas on top of and in the back of the engine cover. Curiously, the entire aft portion of the Cayman is manufactured from stainless steel which provides the resistance to cracking needed to manufacture the many curves. The suspension design is fundamentally the same as that of the Boxster, but features revised settings appropriate to the increase in chassis stiffness resulting from the Cayman's fixed roof.

The 3.4 litre flat-6 boxer engine (M97.21) in the first generation Cayman S was derived from the 3.2 litre powerplant (M96.26) that was used in the Boxster S, but featured cylinder heads from the Porsche 997 S's 3.8 litre motor (M97.01) which have the VarioCam Plus inlet valve timing and lift system. A less powerful but more fuel efficient version, the 2.7 litre M97.20, powered the base model. The use of these new powerplants exclusively in Caymans ended in MY 2007 when Porsche upgraded the Boxster (987310) and Boxster S (987320).[10]

A 5-speed manual transaxle is standard on the normal Cayman (G87.01), while a 6-speed manual (Getrag 466) is the default for the S (G87.21) and an option on the normal (A87.20). An electronically controlled 5-speed automatic transaxle (Tiptronic) was also available on the S (A87.21) and the non-S version (A87.02) (The 2009 models replaced this option with a seven-speed "PDK", Porsche's dual-clutch robotic manual transmission). Other options include active shock absorbers (ThyssenKrupp Bilstein GmbH's DampTronic, rebadged as PASM by Porsche), ceramic disc brakes (PCCB), xenon headlights (Hella's Bi-Xenon) and an electronically controlled sport mode (Sport Chrono Package).

The first generation Cayman ceased production in November 2011.[11]

Specifications[edit]

Year Engine Power Torque Transmission 0–100 km/h (60 mph) Top speed CO2
2005 3.4L (3386 cc)[12] 217 kW (295 PS; 291 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lb·ft) Manual (6) 5.4 seconds (5.1) 275 km/h (171 mph) 254 g/km
2007 2.7L (2687 cc)[12] 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) 273 N·m (201 lb·ft) Manual (5) 6.1 seconds (5.8) 260 km/h (162 mph) - g/km

Cayman S Porsche Design Edition 1[edit]

Porsche Cayman S Design Edition 1, spotted in Galveston, TX.

The Porsche Design Edition 1 is a Cayman S model designed by Porsche Design, commemorating the 35th anniversary of Porsche Design. The all black car features a black full leather interior including seats, dashboard, and door trim as well as black Alcantara steering wheel, gear change lever, handbrake grip, and headliner. The DE1 also is fitted standard with the Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM), 19-inch 911 (997) Turbo wheels with 235/35 ZR 19 front and 265/35 ZR 19 rear tires, unique Porsche Design script on the instrument dials, stainless steel entry plate engraved with "Porsche Design Edition 1", all-red rear taillights, custom vinyl exterior black-on-black graphics, and a numbered plaque on the glovebox cover. As with all PASM-equipped cars, the body is lowered by 10 mm (0.4 in). Standard equipment includes an elegant briefcase containing the Flat Six Chronograph, a pocket knife, a pair of sunglasses, a pen, and a key ring – all in black, even the knife blade.

777 vehicles were produced as 2008 models. It went on sale on November 2007 in Germany, followed by the US in January 2008. Base price is 58,600 Euros[13] and USD 69,900 in the U.S.

Cayman S Sport[edit]

Porsche also announced the production of a limited edition Cayman S Sport, to be available in October 2008 as a 2009 model.[14] It features a freer-flowing, louder exhaust, which raises power from 295 PS (217 kW) at 6250 rpm to 303 PS (223 kW) at an identical 6250 rpm. The Cayman S Sport comes in Bright Orange and Signal Green (from the 911 GT3 RS), as well as Carrera White, Speed Yellow, Guards Red, Black and Arctic Silver. The Cayman S has striping on the sides, black 19-inch wheels and an Alcantara steering wheel directly from the 911 GT3 RS. The instrumentation loses its hood. The body is lowered by 1 cm. 700 were to be made for the worldwide market.

Awards[edit]

The Cayman has been the recipient of a number of awards, including:

  • Motor Authority - Best Car To Buy 2014[15]
  • AutomobileAll-Star 2007, Best Sports Car 2006
  • Car and DriverOne of the 10 Best Cars 2007-2009[16]
  • World Car of the Year (WCOTY)World Performance Car of the Year 2006
  • Top GearSports Car of the Year 2005
  • Auto Express - Greatest Drives & Best Sporting Car 2007 & 2006
  • Frankfurt Motor Show - Autoweek Editors' Best in Show 2005
  • Playboy Magazine - Car of the Year 2006
  • J.D. Power’s Initial Quality Study, Best Compact Premium Sporty Cars 2006
  • J.D. Power's Automotive Performance, Execution and Layout Study, Best Compact Premium Sporty Cars 2007 & 2006
  • Wheels Automotive Design Awards, Best Exterior 2006
  • Car Plus Magazine Car of the Year Award, Best Sports Car 2006
  • Motor Trend, Best Driver's Car 2009


Performance[edit]

Cayman S 3.4-litre under acceleration

Problems playing this file? See media help.

The performance of the Cayman S approaches that of Porsche's flagship sports car, the 911 Carrera. Rally legend Walter Röhrl lapped the Nürburgring Nordschleife track in a Cayman S equipped with optional 19" wheels, PCCB, and PASM[17] in a time of 8 minutes, 11 seconds.[18][19] The time for a standard Cayman S, as published by the manufacturer, was 8 minutes, 20 seconds.[20] In contrast, Röhrl recorded 8 minutes, 15 seconds in a 911 Carrera.[21][22] The similarity in performance between the two cars has led to speculation about whether the Cayman S will cannibalize sales of the Carrera, as the basic Carrera's recommended retail price in the United States is $12,400 higher than that of the Cayman S.

Side view of the Porsche Cayman S

A Cayman prepared and run by privateers Jürgen and Uwe Alzen finished fourth overall (of 220 entrants) in the 2007 Nürburgring 24 Hour race, ahead of two flagship Porsche 997 GT3 RSR's, a 997 GT3 Cup, and a 996 GT3 Cup.[23] Another two privateer Caymans, entered by CSR and MSpeed, finished 22nd and 117th overall, respectively. Porsche disclaims support for the Cayman teams, while supporting some or all of the 997 teams.[24]

A sports car feature which was not offered by Porsche for the manual transmission Cayman, until 2009, was the limited slip differential (LSD). Some commentators have speculated that LSD was not offered, even as an option, because the Cayman S's performance would then be too close to that of the 911 Carrera (see Crippleware) [according to whom?]. Several tuning companies started offering Cayman buyers the ability to retrofit an LSD. Also the biggest engine (3.8l) or the turbo engine is not available in the Cayman.

In the 2009 model, an LSD is available as an option.[25] The base Cayman has received an engine upgrade to 2.9L (265 bhp (198 kW; 269 PS)), and the Cayman S a 3.4L (320 bhp (239 kW; 324 PS)). This is significantly more than the previous models offerings, as even the factory tuned 2008 Cayman S Sport with its special exhaust system only produces 303 bhp (226 kW; 307 PS) from its 3.4L engine.[26]

Performance data
Source 0-60 mph
(97 km/h)
0–100 km/h
(62 mph)
0–160 km/h
(100 mph)
0–200 km/h
(125 mph)
1/4 mile
(~400 m)
1 km Top speed
Cayman
Manufacturer 5.8 s 6.1 s 14.2 s - - - 258 km/h (160 mph)
Cayman S
Manufacturer 5.1 s 5.4 s 11.7 s 18.6 s - 24.3 s 275 km/h (171 mph)
Auto Motor Sport - 5.5 s 12 s 19.2 s - - -
Automobile 5.1 s - - - 13.7 @ 105 mph (169 km/h) - -
Car and Driver[27] 4.8 s - 12.0 s - 13.3 @ 107 mph (172 km/h) - 166 mph
Road & Track 4.8 s - - - 13.3 @ 106 mph (171 km/h) - -

Deliveries[edit]

Calendar Year U.S.A. (Normal/Special) North America Rest of World Total Notes
2006 1160 / 5865 7313 8984 16297 NA Source
2007 2650 / 3377 6249 8736 14985 NA Source
Total 3810 / 9242 13562 17720 31282
Calendar Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total
2006 1000* 566 647* 699 587 442 650 548 494 580 565 535 7313
2007 499 342 635 509 616 577 661 609 469 404 363 565 6249
2008 550 242 285 402* 480 451 567 130 78 78 76 328 3667
  • Uncertain due to typos in press release or change in style of reports used.

Source: [28]

First generation (facelift)[edit]

A face-lifted version of the Porsche Cayman was introduced on 21 February 2009. The standard Cayman engine's displacement was increased from 2.7L to 2.9L, giving a 20 hp (15 kW) increase to 265 hp (198 kW), while the Cayman S gained direct injection and a 25 hp (19 kW) increase to 320 hp (239 kW). Also there was a new engine architecture employed which did away with the troublesome Intermediate Shaft, which proved to be a weak link in pre-2009 engines, the new engine nomenclature is 9A1. Both the Cayman and Cayman S maintain a 10 hp (7 kW) power advantage over their roadster sibling, the Boxster. On the front end, each has its own design for the front bumper. The front signal lamps are designed differently: while both use LED signal lamps, the Cayman’s LED are arranged like the face of dice[clarification needed] while the Boxster gets a horizontal row of 4 LEDs. The Porsche Tiptronic S automatic gearbox was replaced by the 7-speed PDK dual clutch transmission for the new model. The PDK outperforms the manual transmission with a 0-60 mph time of 5.1 seconds versus 5.2 seconds for the manual. The PDK with the sport button option lowers the 0-60 mph time to 4.9 seconds.[29] Also a limited slip differential is now a factory option.[30]

Cayman R[edit]

The Cayman R was introduced in 2011, and is based on a 2009 Cayman S. It features a new body kit, new 19 inch lightweight wheels, lighter aluminium doors, lighter bucket seats, and together with the removal of the radio, storage compartments, air-conditioners and door handles, the Cayman R weighs in at 54.8 kilograms (121 lb) less than a Cayman S. With the help of the new sports suspensions, the Cayman R is 20 mm (0.8 in) lower than a Cayman S. The engine is a 3.4-litre flat six Direct Fuel Injection DFI boxer engine which produces 330 hp (246 kW). The standard Cayman R can achieve 0-60 mph in 4.7 seconds, and with the optional 7-speed PDK dual clutch transmission and the Sport Chrono package, it can achieve 0-60 mph in 4.4 seconds. The Cayman R with the manual transmission can reach the top speed of 175 mph (282 km/h), and 174 mph (280 km/h) with the PDK.[31]

The Cayman R made its world debut at the 2010 Los Angeles Auto Show on 17 November 2010.

Specifications[edit]

Year Engine Power Torque Transmission 0–100 km/h (60 mph) Top speed CO2
2009 2.9L (2893 cc)[32] 195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) Manual (6) 5.8 seconds (5.6) 265 km/h (165 mph) 221 g/km
3.4L (3436 cc)[32] 235 kW (320 PS; 315 bhp) 370 N·m (273 lb·ft) Manual (6) 5.2 seconds (5.0) 277 km/h (172 mph) 223 g/km
2012 2.7L (2706 cc)[33] 202 kW (275 PS; 271 bhp) 290 N·m (214 lb·ft) Manual (6) 5.7 seconds (5.4) 266 km/h (165 mph) 192 g/km
3.4L (3436 cc)[34] 239 kW (325 PS; 321 bhp) 370 N·m (273 lb·ft) Manual (6) 5.0 seconds (4.7) 283 km/h (176 mph) 206 g/km

Second generation[edit]

Porsche Cayman (981)
A yellow Porsche Cayman with Satin Gray 911 wheels.

The second generation Cayman was unveiled at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. The production 981 was released as a 2014 model in the spring of 2013. The new car is once again available in both standard Cayman form with a 2.7 L engine, and also in Cayman S form with a 3.4 L engine. Both versions are available with either a 6-speed manual or a dual-clutch 7-speed PDK transmission.

The 981 features significant upgrades including an entirely new body, a longer wheelbase, a wider front track and a thoroughly redesigned interior that matches the latest 911 models.

This new model has gained widespread acclaim in the motoring press as one of the best handling sports cars at any price, thanks to its mid engine layout and driving dynamics. The Cayman S benefits from the same engine and running gear as Porsche's latest 3.4 L version of the 911. [35] [36] [37] [38]

Cayman GTS[edit]

The Cayman GTS was introduced in 2014, and is based on the current Cayman. It features a more powerful engine, a new body kit, new 20 inch Carrera S alloys, new Bi-Xenon headlights, and new sports exhaust system. The Cayman GTS is longer than the Cayman and the Cayman S by 1.2 inches and the new sport suspensions allows the Cayman GTS to have a 20mm lower ride height. The engine produces 340hp, and can achieve a 0-60mph(or 100kph) in 4.6 seconds with the manual transmission, and 4.5 with PDK. The Cayman GTS with the manual transmission can reach a top speed of 177mph (285 kph) while the Cayman with PDK can reach 175mph (283 kph). [39] [40]

Specifications[edit]

Type Engine Transmission Power Torque 0–60 mph Top Speed Fuel Consumption
Cayman 2.7L Manual (6) 275 hp at 7400 rpm 213 lb-ft 5.4 Seconds 265 km/h (165mph) 20 mpg (city) / 30 mpg (highway)
2.7L PDK (7) 275 hp at 7400 rpm 213 lb-ft 5.3 Seconds (5.1 with Sport Plus) 264 km/h (164mph) 22 mpg (city) / 32 mpg (highway)
Cayman S 3.4L Manual (6) 325 hp at 7400 rpm 273 lb-ft 4.7 Seconds 282 km/h (175mph) 20 mpg / 28 mpg (highway)
3.4L PDK (7) 325 hp at 7400 rpm 273 lb-ft 4.6 Seconds (4.4 with Sport Plus) 280 km/h (174mph) 21 mpg / 30 mpg (highway)
Cayman GTS 3.4L Manual (6) 340 hp at 7400 rpm 280 lb-ft 4.6 Seconds 285 km/h (177mph)
3.4L PDK (7) 340 hp at 7400 rpm 280 lb-ft 4.5 Seconds (4.3 with Sport Plus) 283 km/h (175mph)

Motorsport[edit]

The 2013 Rolex 24 Hours of Daytona, GX class was won by the Cayman, where it placed 1, 2 and 3. It was the Cayman platform's first endurance race in the U.S., the race was won by car number 16 of Napleton Racing, driven by David Donohue, Shane Lewis, Dr. Jim Norman and Nelson Canache. Bullet Racing finished second and third place went to BGB. It gave Porsche its 75th class victory and assuring the title of the most winning marque in series.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Porsche’s Finnish success story: 227,890 Boxsters and Caymans". valmet-automotive.com. 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Kati Renvall (26 June 2008). "Valmet Automotive's current assembly contract with Porsche to come to an end in 2012". Metso Corporation. Retrieved 4 August 2008. 
  3. ^ "Porsche Cayman in showrooms". Left Lane News. Retrieved 12 January 2008. 
  4. ^ Michelle Leder (9 November 2009). "Porsche vs. Crocs…". http://www.footnoted.com. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "What makes a Porsche a Porsche" (PDF). Porsche Marketing. Retrieved 18 June 2008. 
  6. ^ "Snappy Genes". Christophorus Magazine. Retrieved 19 February 2007. 
  7. ^ "Porsche Cayman RS in the works?". Autoblog. Retrieved 9 February 2007. 
  8. ^ "2006 Porsche Cayman S". sport-cars.org. Retrieved 9 February 2007. 
  9. ^ "Test Drive: 2007 Porsche Cayman ‘S’". Champweb.net. Retrieved 9 February 2007. 
  10. ^ "First Drive: 2007 Porsche Boxster S". Inside Line. Retrieved 9 February 2007. 
  11. ^ DeLorenzo, Matt (6 March 2012). "Porsche Cayman on Hiatus – 2012 Geneva Auto Show". Road & Track. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Autozine Porsche Cayman". Porsche. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  13. ^ Nunez, Alex (14 August 2007). "Blackout: Porsche unveils limited-edition Cayman S Porsche Design Edition 1". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "2009 Porsche Boxster S Porsche Design Edition 2 and Cayman S Sport - Car News". Caranddriver.com. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  15. ^ http://www.motorauthority.com/news/1088343_2014-mercedes-benz-cla45-amg-porsche-cayman-motor-authoritys-best-cars-to-buy-2014
  16. ^ "2009 Porsche Boxster and Cayman - 10Best Cars". Car and Driver. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "Porsche's new kid on the grid". drive.com.au. Retrieved 12 February 2007. 
  18. ^ 8:11 --- 151.274 km/h - Porsche Cayman S driven by Walter Röhrl as reported by French magazine "sport AUTO" 07/2005
  19. ^ "AutoWeek" Magazine article. Published May 30th 2005, accessed Dec 3rd 2006
  20. ^ "Complete Vehicle The new Cayman S". Porsche Engineering. Retrieved 11 February 2007. 
  21. ^ 8:15 --- 149.818 km/h - Porsche 997 Carrera 2 driven by Walter Röhrl as reported by Australian magazine "WHEELS" 06/2004
  22. ^ "Automobile" Magazine 2006 Porsche Cayman S review article. 3rd paragraph. Accessed Dec 3rd 2006
  23. ^ Zurich 24h race results, race #35 (in German). retrieved 2007-Jun-14
  24. ^ Auto Bild article (in German) for July 2007 issue. retrieved 2007-Jun-14
  25. ^ "2009 Porsche Cayman Comes To LA, Brings Optional Limited Slip Differential". jalopnik.com. Retrieved 18 December 2008. 
  26. ^ "2008 Porsche Cayman S Sport". Company press release. Retrieved 18 December 2008. 
  27. ^ "2006 BMW Z4 M Coupe2". Car and Driver. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  28. ^ "Press - Company & Brand - HOME - Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG" (Press release). Porsche.com. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  29. ^ "Porsche Boxster and Cayman get facelifted". PaulTan.Org. Retrieved 8 December 2008. 
  30. ^ "2009 Porsche Cayman Comes To LA, Brings Optional Limited Slip Differential". Retrieved 13 December 2008. 
  31. ^ "Cayman R Technical Specs". Porsche. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  32. ^ a b "Technical Specs Cayman and Cayman S 2009". Porsche. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  33. ^ "Technical Specs Cayman". Porsche. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "Technical Specs Cayman S". Porsche. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  35. ^ "Porsche Cayman and Cayman S Review". Autocar. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  36. ^ Jeremy Clarkson (2013-06-19). "The Clarkson review: Porsche Cayman S (2013) | Sunday Times Driving". Driving.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  37. ^ "Porsche Cayman S review by Chris Evans: It's brilliant, buy one! | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  38. ^ What Car?'s advice team is ready to help. "Porsche Cayman Coupe Review | What Car?". Whatcar.com. Retrieved 2014-01-18. 
  39. ^ "Porsche Cayman GTS and Boxster GTS reveal". Top Gear. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  40. ^ "Porsche Cayman GTS specification". Porsche. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  41. ^ "SCCA Pro Racing World Challenge". World-challenge.com. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  42. ^ "Cayman Cup 2009 Technical Regulations (French)". Retrieved 18 August 2009. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Porsche Club Italia Cayman Cup Championship (Italian)". Retrieved 18 August 2009. [dead link]
  44. ^ "Event Information - Entry List". Grand-am.com. 10 January 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 

External links[edit]