Oasis of the Seas at Port Everglades
|Location||Broward County, Florida|
|Operated by||Port Everglades|
|Owned by||Broward County, FL|
|Type of harbor||Natural/Artificial|
|Employees||160,000 in State of Florida|
|Port Director||Steven M. Cernak|
|Annual cargo tonnage||22.1 million|
|Annual container volume||5.79 million tons|
|Passenger traffic||3.6 million|
|Annual revenue||$139 million|
|Net income||$64 million|
Port Everglades is a seaport in Broward County, Florida. As one of South Florida's leading economic powerhouses, Port Everglades is the gateway for international trade and cruise vacations. Currently the third busiest cruise port worldwide, Port Everglades is also one of Florida's leading container ports, with more than 4,000 ship calls annually. Port Everglades is South Florida's main seaport for receiving petroleum products including gasoline, jet fuel, and alternative fuels. The port serves as the primary storage and distribution seaport for refined petroleum products, distributing fuel to residents of 12 Florida counties. Port Everglades is also recognized as a favorite United States Navy liberty port. With a depth of 43 feet (at mean low water), Port Everglades is currently the deepest United States (Atlantic Ocean) port south of Norfolk, Virginia.
The Port Everglades Department is a self-supporting Enterprise Fund of Broward County government with operating revenues of approximately $139 million in Fiscal Year 2011 (October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2011). It does not rely on local taxes for operations. The total value of economic activity at Port Everglades is nearly $15.3 billion annually. Approximately 160,000 Florida jobs are impacted by the Port, including 11,400 people who work for companies that provide direct services to Port Everglades.
Port Everglades is composed of land within three municipalities, Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale and Dania Beach and unincorporated Broward County. Port Everglades is a man-made seaport, dredged out of a natural body of water called Lake Mabel. Lake Mabel was a wide and shallow section of the Florida East Coast Canal system. The Florida Board of Trade passed a resolution in 1911 calling for a deepwater port to ship farmers' produce to the North and the West. In 1913, the Fort Lauderdale Harbor Company was formed and eventually dug out the Lake Mabel Cut, opening the New River to the sea for small boats. In 1924, Joseph Wesley Young, founder and mayor of the city of Hollywood, Florida bought 1,440 acres (5.8 km2) of land adjacent to the lake and created Hollywood Harbor Development Company. In 1927, the Florida State Legislature established the Broward County Port Authority. On February 22, 1928, 85 percent of Broward County's residents gathered for a ceremony in which President Calvin Coolidge was to push a button from the White House detonating explosives to remove the rock barrier separating the harbor from the Atlantic Ocean. The button malfunctioned, but the barrier was removed shortly thereafter.
Bay Mabel Harbor was dedicated on February 22, 1928. Several local women's clubs decided a new name was needed to represent the region and conducted a name changing contest. The name Port Everglades was chosen to represent the seaport as "The gateway to the rich agricultural area embraced in the 4 million acres (16,000 km²) at the Port's very backdoor."
- In 1911, the Florida Board of Trade passed a resolution calling for a deepwater port to ship farmers' produce to the north and west.
- In 1913, the Fort Lauderdale Harbor Company was formed and eventually dug out the Lake Mabel Cut, opening the New River to the sea for small boats.
- In 1924, Joseph Wesley Young, founder and mayor of the city of Hollywood, bought 1,440 acres of land adjacent to the lake and created Hollywood Harbor Development Company.
- In 1926, Young helped get a $2 million harbor improvement bond measure overwhelmingly passed by voters in Hollywood and Fort Lauderdale.
- In 1927, the Florida State Legislature establishes the Broward County Port Authority.
- On February 22, 1928, 85 percent of Broward County's residents gathered for a ceremony in which President Calvin Coolidge was to push a button from the White House detonating explosives to remove the rock barrier separating the harbor from the ocean. Nothing happened, but the barrier was removed shortly thereafter.
- In 1928, Port Everglades was named through a contest conducted by several area women's groups.
- In 1929, Fort Lauderdale dedicated its first airport. That same year, the Port project was completed and the Port obtained certificates for construction of a railway connecting the Port to the Florida East Coast Railway.
- In 1929, the SS Vogtland became the first cargo ship and first foreign-flagged vessel to enter Port Everglades.
- In 1931, Port Everglades welcomed United Fruit Co., as the port's first official cruise line.
- In 1931, Aeroland Oil Co. is the first petroleum company to enter into an agreement for land and pipeline easements. Belcher (Coastal Fuels), Standard Oil (Chevron) and American Oil (Amoco) follow suit.
- 1941-1943, Port Everglades is used as a military base for the U.S. Navy.
- In 1994, Port Everglades becomes an enterprise fund governed by Broward County.
- The 1940s saw a burgeoning military presence and the 1950s brought cruise liners from around the world to the Port. Around that time, the Fort Lauderdale Rotary Club began greeting ships with Florida orange juice. The tradition continued for 20 years.
- 1960s: The Broward County Port Authority was renamed the Port Everglades Authority and the site of the future Southport cargo terminal was purchased.
- 1970s: The Port became the center of Florida's first Foreign trade zone.
- 1980s: The Port purchased its first rail-mounted container gantry crane.
- 1990s: The Greater Fort Lauderdale/Broward County Convention Center opened at Northport, two parking garages were completed and on November 22, 1994, Port Everglades' governance was transferred from the Port Authority to the Broward County government.
- 2000s: Port Everglades continuously breaks its own world record for handling the most cruise passengers.
- In 2001, Port Everglades dedicated a new Operations Center and Harbormaster Tower constructed atop the Midport Parking Garage. Port Everglades also celebrated its 70th cruise season hosting the world's largest collection of five star ships.
- In 2003, on February 28, port users and customers celebrated the 75th Anniversary of Port Everglades.
- In 2004, Port Everglades greeted the Queen. Cunard Line's Queen Mary 2, the world's largest ocean liner, as she made her first visit to mainland U.S. from the UK, by arriving at Port Everglades, her U.S. winter home port. QM2 is the longest, widest, tallest and most expensive ocean liner ever built.
- In 2009, Port Everglades opened the World's Largest Cruise Terminal and home of Royal Caribbean's 5,400-passenger Oasis of the Seas, the largest cruise ship in the world at the time.
- In 2010, Oasis of the Seas was joined by Allure of the Seas, making Port Everglades home to the two largest cruise ships in the world.
- In March 2011, the Broward County Board of County Commissioners approved an update of the Port's 20-Year Master/Vision Plan that includes key cargo expansion projects over the next six years that will add five berths, widen and deepen the channel to 50 feet and bring freight rail into the port.
The container handling capacity of the port has been increased with a new 41-acre (170,000 m2) terminal, completed in 2010. The expansion increased Port Everglades' freight handling area by 15%.
As of December 2012[update], Port Everglades is the world's third busiest cruise port after PortMiami and Port Canaveral, with more than 3.8 million annual revenue cruise passengers. Ships sail year round, but the peak season is from November to April. Port Everglades was once home to RMS Queen Elizabeth when she was laid up as a museum ship from 1968 until 1970. Besides the RMS Queen Elizabeth, Port Everglades has been used to dock many notable and famous ships. In 2004, the Queen Mary 2 completed her maiden voyage and her maiden transatlantic voyage at Port Everglades. In December 2009, Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines began using Port Everglades as the home port for the world's largest passenger ship, the Oasis of the Seas; in late 2010, she was joined at Port Everglades by her sister ship Allure of the Seas.
A regular tradition of the condominium residents who live next to the channel of Port Everglades in Everglades House, Sky Harbor East and Point Of Americas I and II is to bid bon-voyage to cruise ships as they embark on their voyages from Port Everglades. To wish the passengers a happy voyage the residents blow horns and ring bells, with the ships usually responding by blowing their horns back. Some residents fly flags of the ships to pay patronage to having sailed on the ship.
Records and achievements
December 22, 1996, Port Everglades had a record 13 cruise ships in port on a single day. The port broke its own record on December 21, 2003 with 15 cruise ships. No other port in the world has hosted 10 or more cruise ships on a single day. The closest competitors are: Port of Barcelona with 9 ships the 26 of August 2011 Miami with 8 ships and Port of New York with 7 ships on a single day.
Port Everglades broke its own world record on November 26, 2011, with more than 53,500 guests passing through the Port in a single day. The previous record was set on March 20, 2010, with 53,365 passengers. 
In 2010, Port Everglades documented 55 cruise ships offering regularly scheduled cruises. With 15 different cruise lines, Port Everglades claims to offer more cruises than any other cruise port terminal.
Seatrade Insider, one of the world's foremost cruise industry trade publications, named Port Everglades "World's Top Cruise Port" during the 2010 Seatrade Insider Cruise Awards ceremony at the historic l' Opera House in Nice, France.
Port Everglades, Florida (January 27, 2013) - Broward County's Port Everglades has been selected for the fifth consecutive year as the Best U.S. Homeport by Porthole Cruise Magazine, the internationally distributed cruise travel magazine.
Cruise ships operating out of Port Everglades in the 2013-2014 Winter Season:
- Expanded cargo capacity set for Port Everglades[dead link]
- Satchell, Arlene (12 December, 2012). "Port Everglades slips to No. 3 Busiest Cruise Port, According to Recent Data". SunSentinel. South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- "Port Everglades Expects to Set World Record". Porteverglades.net. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
- "Thanksgiving weekend brings record-breaking cruise passengers for Port Everglades". cruiseradio.net. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
- "Port Everglades Sets Cruise Passenger Record in 2011". travelpulse.com. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- Official website
- History of Port Everglades
- Port Everglades Webcam
- Ocean Liners and Cruise Ships of Port Everglades in the early 1960s