Port Hudson Union order of battle

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The following is the organization of the Union forces engaged at the Siege of Port Hudson, during the American Civil War in 1863. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of the Gulf[edit]

XIX Corps[edit]

MG Nathaniel P. Banks

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

1st Division
     MG Christopher C. Augur

1st Brigade


   Col Edward P. Chapin (k) until 27 May
   Col Charles J. Paine from 27 May

  • 2nd Louisiana: Col Charles J. Paine
  • 21st Maine: Col Elijah D. Johnson mustered out August 25,1863
  • 48th Massachusetts: Col Eben F. Stone
  • 49th Massachusetts: Ltc Burton D. Deming (k)
  • 116th New York: Cpt John Higgins
2nd Brigade


   BG Godfrey Weitzel[1] until 14 May
   Col Stephen Thomas[2] from 14 May

3rd Brigade


   Col Nathan Dudley

Artillery
  • 1st Battery, Indiana Heavy Artillery: Col John A. Keith
  • 1st Battery, Maine Light Artillery: Lt John E. Morton
  • 6th Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery: Lt John F. Phelps
  • Section, 12th Massachusetts Light Artillery: Lt Edwin M. Chamberlin
  • 18th Battery, New York Light Artillery: Cpt Albert G. Mack
  • Battery A, 1st U.S. Light Artillery: Cpt Edmund C. Bainbridge
  • Battery G, 5th U.S. Artillery: Lt Jacob B. Rawles

2nd Division
     BG Thomas W. Sherman (w) until 27 May
     BG George L. Andrews 27-28 May
     BG Frank S. Nickerson 28-30 May
     BG William Dwight from 30 May

1st Brigade


   BG Neal S. Dow (w&c)[3] until 27 May
   Col David S. Cowles (k) 27 May
   Col Thomas S. Clark from 27 May

2nd Brigade[4]


   Col Alpha B. Farr (until 12 May 1863)
   Col Thomas W. Cahill (12 May-15 Aug 1863)
   Col Lewis Benedict (temporarily on 14 June 1863)[5]

  • 9th Connecticut: Ltc Richard Fitz Gibbons
  • 26th Massachusetts: Ltc Josiah A. Sawtell
  • 42d Massachusetts: Ltc Joseph Stedman
  • 47th Massachusetts: Col Lucius B. Marsh
3rd Brigade


   BG Frank S. Nickerson

  • 14th Maine: Col Thomas W. Porter
  • 24th Maine: Col George Marston Atwood
  • 28th Maine: Col Ephriam W. Woodman
  • 165th New York: Ltc Abel Smith Jr. (mw)
  • 175th New York: Col Michael K. Bryan (k)
  • 177th New York: Col Ira W. Ainsworth
Artillery
  • 21st Battery, New York Light Artillery: Cpt James Barnes
  • 1st Battery, Vermont Light Artillery: Cpt George T. Hebard

3rd Division
     BG Halbert E. Paine (w) until 14 June
     Col Hawkes Fearing from 14 June

1st Brigade


   Col Timothy Ingraham until 14 June
   Col Samuel P. Ferris[6] from 14 June

2nd Brigade


   Col Hawkes Fearing until 14 June
   Maj John H. Alcot from 14 June

  • 8th New Hampshire: Ltc Oliver W. Lull
  • 133rd New York: Col Leonard D. H. Currie
  • 173rd New York: Maj A. Power Gallway
  • 4th Wisconsin: Col Sidney A. Bean
3rd Brigade


   Col Oliver P. Gooding

  • 31st Massachusetts: Ltc W.S.B. Hopkins
  • 38th Massachusetts: Ltc W. L. Rodman (k)
  • 53rd Massachusetts: Col John W. Kimball
  • 156th New York: Col Jacob Sharpe
Artillery
  • 4th Battery, Massachusetts Light Artillery: Lt Frederick W. Reinhard
  • Battery F, 1st U.S. Light Artillery: Cpt Richard C. Duryea
  • 2nd Battery, Vermont Light Artillery: Cpt Pythagoras E. Holcomb

4th Division
     BG Cuvier Grover

1st Brigade


   BG William Dwight until 30 May
   Col Joseph S. Morgan from 30 May

2nd Brigade


   Col William K. Kimball

3rd Brigade


   Col Henry W. Birge

  • 13th Connecticut: Cpt Apollos Comstock
  • 25th Connecticut: Ltc Mason C. Weld mustered out August 25,1863
  • 26th Maine: Col Nathan H. Hubbard
  • 159th New York: Ltc Charles A. Burt
Artillery


   Cpt Henry W. Closson

  • 2nd Battery Massachusetts Light Artillery: Cpt Ormand F. Nims
  • Battery L, 1st U.S. Light Artillery: Cpt Henry W. Closson
  • Battery C, 2nd U.S. Light Artillery: Lt Theodore Bradley

United States Colored Troops

Corps D'Afrique


   BG Daniel Ullman

  • 6th United States Colored Troops: Maj George Bishop
  • 7th United States Colored Troops: Maj Cornelius Mowers
  • 8th United States Colored Troops: Ltc William S. Mudgett
  • 9th United States Colored Troops: Ltc Isaac S. Bangs
  • 10th United States Colored Troops: Ltc Ladislas L. Zulavsky
  • 1st Louisiana Engineers: Col Justin Hodge
Native Guard

Cavalry

Grierson's Brigade


   Col Benjamin H. Grierson

  • 6th Illinois Cavalry: Col Reuben Loomis
  • 7th Illinois Cavalry: Col Edward Prince
  • 1st Louisiana Cavalry: Maj Harai Robinson
  • 2nd Rhode Island Cavalry: Ltc Augustus W. Corliss
  • 2nd Massachusetts: Maj James Magee
  • 14th New York Cavalry: Cpt George Branning
  • 4th Wisconsin Mounted: Maj Webster Moore

West Gulf Blockading Squadron[edit]

Rear Admiral David G. Farragut

Class Vessel

Steam frigate

USS Hartford

   Cpt James S. Palmer

USS Richmond

   Cpt James Alden

USS Mississippi

   Cpt Melancton Smith

USS Monongahela

   Cpt J.P. McKinstry

Gunboat

USS Albatross

   Lt Commander John E. Hart

USS Genesee

   Commander William H. Macomb

USS Kineo

   Lt Commander John Watters

Ironclad

USS Essex

   Commander C.H.B. Caldwell

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Weitzel commanded the "Right Flank" of the Union forces during the siege.
  2. ^ Eicher p.528
  3. ^ Dow was wounded May 27 and was taken prisoner by Confederate cavalry in July while convalescing on a nearby plantation.
  4. ^ 19th Corps Organization
  5. ^ At the time Benedict assumed command the 2nd Brigade consisted of 175th New York, 28th Maine, 48th Massachusetts, 162nd New York; Benedict, Henry Marvin (1866). A memorial of Brevet Brigadier General Lewis Benedict, colonel of 162d regiment N.Y.V.I., who fell in battle at Pleasant Hill, La., April 9, 1864. Albany, N.Y.: J. Munsell. p. 55. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  6. ^ Union Land Forces at Port Hudson - June 30, 1863

References[edit]

  • Eicher, David J.; Eicher, John H. (2001). Civil War high commands. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.