Port international de Port-au-Prince

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Port international de Port-au-Prince
2010 Haitian earthquake overflight assessment.jpg
Aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake, 13 January 2010
Location
Country  Haiti
Location Port-au-Prince
Coordinates 18°33′N 72°21′W / 18.550°N 72.350°W / 18.550; -72.350Coordinates: 18°33′N 72°21′W / 18.550°N 72.350°W / 18.550; -72.350
Details
Operated by APN and private companies
Owned by Autorite Portuaire Nationale (Haiti)
Available berths 7
Website
www.apn.gouv.ht
The seaport in relation to the city

The Port international de Port-au-Prince (UN/LOCODE: HTPAP[1]) is the seaport in the capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince. It suffered catastrophic damage in the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

Some of docks and warehouses are operated by the government's Autorite Portuaire Nationale (APN), and some are run by private companies.[2]

History[edit]

On 13 June 1872, a German fleet composed of SMS Vineta and SMS Gazelle seized Haitian Navy ships Union and Mont Organisé which were anchored in the port, as a means of pressure to have the Haitian government pay a 20,000 thaler debt to a German businessman.[3][4]

In 1906, a Haitian-American company gained a 50-year concession to manage and operate the port.[5]

In 1956, at the end of this term, the Administration Portuaire de Port-au-Prince (English: Port Administration of Port-au-Prince) was created, supervised by the Banque de la République d'Haïti (BRH). In 1973, The Port Administration became an autonomous body with the power to operate other ports; and in 1978, it was renamed the French: Autorite Portuaire Nationale (English: National Port Authority) under Haiti's secretariat of economic affairs. The APN was given control of all of Haiti's other ports as well in 1985.[5]

On October 11, 1993, USS Harlan County, carrying 200 American and Canadian troops in implementation of the Governors Island Accord, attempted to enter the port, but was met by angry crowds, denied access to the dock, and ordered to leave Haiti the next day. On October 13, the United Nations re-imposed an oil and arms embargo.[6]

In 1999, this port was believed to be "the most expensive port at which to dock and unload in the Americas", causing ships to unload in the neighbouring Dominican Republic.[7]

7.0 magnitude 2010 earthquake[edit]

Port-au-Prince bayfront, port centered, after the quake

On 12 January 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck, and crippled the port. The access road to the docks buckled, and slabs of concrete rose six feet above grade. Derrick cranes were thrown into the harbour; the shipping container unloading cranes were left leaning with their bases submerged. The seawall on some slips crumbled, and quayside areas slumped sideways into the harbor, carrying shipping containers into the water.[8] The main pier on the northern end of the port was completely destroyed, with the cranes in the water, and the terminal collapsed. The south pier was severely damaged.[9]

On the 19 January 2010 HNLMS Pelikaan (A804), a Royal Netherlands Navy logistic support vessel was the first ship to enter the crippled harbor.[10] After an extensive hydrographical survey of the harbor, a route was cleared using the ship's crane and HNLMS Pelikaan could finally dock and unload its cargo and marines.[11] On January 21 it was announced by the Dutch Ministry of Defense that HNLMS Pelikaan had finished unloading its cargo and would depart for Guantanamo Bay Naval Base to pick up the 20 men of Mobile Dive and Salvage Unit 2 (MDSU 2).[12]

U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates announced on 20 January 2010 the dispatch of a port clearance ship with cranes to help the port become operational again.[13]

On 21 January 2010, French vessel Francis Garnier moored to the damaged pier, although this is considered unsafe by US military divers.[14]

On 27 January 2010, it was discovered that the south pier was more damaged than initially appeared, and cannot be used safely. It had previously been used by one ship at a time, unloading one container at a time, gingerly. The port is continued to be used by military landing craft of the type used in amphibious warfare to force a beachhead from a seaborne invasion.[9]

As of 24 February 2010, the port had ramped up to handle container traffic around 600 containers a day, despite still having infrastructure damage. This is in excess of the 250 containers a day that it had been handling before the quake. The functioning of the port allows increased aid shipments arriving in-country.[15]

Facilities[edit]

Before the 2010 earthquake, the facilities of the port were as follows:[2]

  • Number of berths: 7
  • Two Ro-Ro berths: one 14 metres wide; the other 29 metres wide
  • Total length of berths: 1,250 metres
  • Depth of water alongside: 8 to 10 metres
  • One gantry crane of 30 tonnes capacity
  • One 33 tonne capacity forklift
  • Six other forklifts with capacities between 3 and 7 tonnes
  • Sixteen truck trailers
  • Eight flatbeds for moving containers
  • Fifteen chassis

Also, there were these private quays in the bay of Port-au-Prince:[citation needed]

Terminal Coordinates Depth alongside Equipment Storage
Terminal Varreux (Quai de la HASCO) 18°34′22.8″N 72°20′45.6″W / 18.573000°N 72.346000°W / 18.573000; -72.346000 9 metres (30 ft) Pipeline and crane
Les Moulins d’Haïti (Quai de Lafiteau) 18°41′25.8″N 72°21′25.92″W / 18.690500°N 72.3572000°W / 18.690500; -72.3572000 9 metres (30 ft) Vacuum and derricks for the discharge of grain
La Cimenterie Nationale (Quai de Fond-Mombin) 18°42′37″N 72°23′22″W / 18.71028°N 72.38944°W / 18.71028; -72.38944 8 metres (26 ft) Mobile cranes
Shell (Thor) 18°32′27.6″N 72°23′06″W / 18.541000°N 72.38500°W / 18.541000; -72.38500 10–18 metres (33–59 ft) pipelines and railway wagons 6,699,000 gallons[specify]
Le Ciment du Sud (at Thor-le-volant) 18°32′40″N 72°23′15″W / 18.54444°N 72.38750°W / 18.54444; -72.38750 12 metres (39 ft)

The bay has 11 buoys:

Buoys in the port of Port-au-Prince[2]
ID Coordinates
A 18°33′13.1″N 72°22′43.1″W / 18.553639°N 72.378639°W / 18.553639; -72.378639
B 18°33′19″N 72°23′07.7″W / 18.55528°N 72.385472°W / 18.55528; -72.385472
C 18°33′24.6″N 72°23′31.5″W / 18.556833°N 72.392083°W / 18.556833; -72.392083
D 18°33′52.4″N 72°22′57″W / 18.564556°N 72.38250°W / 18.564556; -72.38250
E 18°33′58.1″N 72°23′20.6″W / 18.566139°N 72.389056°W / 18.566139; -72.389056
F 18°34′04.1″N 72°23′45″W / 18.567806°N 72.39583°W / 18.567806; -72.39583
H 18°34′09.1″N 72°24′09.2″W / 18.569194°N 72.402556°W / 18.569194; -72.402556
J 18°34′27″N 72°23′23″W / 18.57417°N 72.38972°W / 18.57417; -72.38972
K 18°34′44″N 72°23′57″W / 18.57889°N 72.39917°W / 18.57889; -72.39917
L 18°34′42″N 72°22′45″W / 18.57833°N 72.37917°W / 18.57833; -72.37917
Q 18°34′16.4″N 72°22′55″W / 18.571222°N 72.38194°W / 18.571222; -72.38194

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Port Source, "Port of Port-au-Prince" (accessed 25 January 2010)
  2. ^ a b c "Le Port international de Port-au-Prince" (in French). Port-au-Prince: Autorite Portuaire Nationale (Haiti). 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  3. ^ Mirco Graetz (2008). Von Helgoland bis Agadir: Kampfeinsätze preußischer und deutscher Kriegsschiffe vor 1914. Lulu.com. p. 72. 
  4. ^ Georg Wislicenus (1896). Deutschlands Seemacht: nebst einem Überblick über die Geschichte der Seefahrt aller Völker. Grunow. p. 74. 
  5. ^ a b "Historique de l'APN" (in French). Port-au-Prince: Autorite Portuaire Nationale. 2007-12-31. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  6. ^ Margaret Daly Hayes; Wheatley, Gary F. (February 1996). "Chapter 2: Haiti: A Chronology of Events". Interagency and political-military dimensions of peace operations: Haiti - a case study. Fort Lesley J. McNair, District of Columbia: National Defense University: Institute For National Strategic Studies: Directorate of Advanced Concepts, Technologies, and Information. Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  7. ^ Irwin P. Stotzky (1999). Silencing the Guns in Haiti: The Promise of Deliberative Democracy. University of Chicago Press. p. 184. 
  8. ^ CNN, Anderson Cooper 360, airdate 18 January 2010
  9. ^ a b Washington Post, "Quake-damaged main port in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, worse off than realized", Peter Slevin, 28 January 2010 (accessed 28 January 2010)
  10. ^ http://www.defensie.nl/marine/actueel/nieuws/2010/01/19/46143783/Nederlands_marineschip_maakt_haven_Port_au_Prince_toegankelijk
  11. ^ [1], ISRIA
  12. ^ http://www.defensie.nl/marine/actueel/nieuws/2010/01/21/46143912/Pelikaan_van_Haiti_naar_Cuba
  13. ^ Harvey Morris and Daniel Dombey (20 January 2010). "Gates orders extra US support for Haiti". Financial Times. 
  14. ^ William Booth (21 January 2010). "Military divers find Haiti's port in bad shape because of earthquake damage". Washington Post. 
  15. ^ The Gazette (Montreal), "Haiti port capacity boosted, repairs advancing", Pascal Fletcher, 24 February 2010 (accessed 1 March 2010)

External links[edit]