Port of Albany

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This article is about the Port of Albany in Western Australia. For the Port of Albany in New York, see Port of Albany-Rensselaer.
View of the Port from Mount Melville

The Port of Albany is an Western Australian port located on the south coast of the state in the Great Southern region.

Location[edit]

It is located on the northern shore of Princess Royal Harbour, a natural harbour that is part of King George Sound. The city of Albany is located next to the port facilities. A dredged shipping channel that has a width of 145 metres (476 ft) and a minimum depth of 12 metres (39 ft) provides an approach to the port from King George Sound.[1] The channel to the port has Point Possession to the south and Point King, at the base of Mount Adelaide, to the north. The body of water between these two points is called Atatürk Entrance.

The Port of Albany takes up a land area of 80 hectares (198 acres), a mixture of crown and freehold land that is managed by the Albany Port Authority.[2]

Facilities[edit]

Albany Tug Boat Elgin
Albany Tug Boat Wandilla

Facilities at the port consist of 4 berths that are currently operational with a site that is ready to develop into a fifth berth when it is required. The port is able to accommodate panamax size vessels with a maximum laden draft of 11.7m, a deepening of the channel is being proposed to allow capesize vessels entry to the port.[3]

The port has two tugs with 45 tonne bollard pull capacity provided by Svitzer, a 12 tonne mobile crane, three forklift trucks (two of 2 tonne, and one of 5 tonne capacity) and a large cold storage facility with volume of 98000 m3 at the rear of Berth No. 1.

The port has direct rail access from the Mirambeena Industrial Estate 12 kilometres (7 mi) from, Albany that allows woodchips from the Albany Plantation Export Company's woodchip mill to be transported directly to the port by rail instead of road.[4] The rail line is narrow gauge and continues in a northerly direction to Perth.

The port is able to service both Cargo and Naval vessels with 7 Naval vessels docking at the Port in 2008.

Berth Length (m) Depth (m) Max. Draft (m) Other
Berth No. 1 209 10.4 9.8 Passenger and cruise ship berth and General and Bulk Cargo
Berth No. 2 172 10.4 9.8 Passenger and cruise ship berth and General and Bulk Cargo
Berth No. 3 227 12.2 11.5 Bulk Cargo loaded via 3 mechanical shiploaders also for container cargo and Ro Ro vessels
Berth No. 5 To be completed for future Bulk Cargo products
Berth No. 6 216 12.3 11.5 Bulk Cargo for Woodchips [5]

History[edit]

Point King at entrance to Port of Albany

Albany was Western Australia's only deep-water port for 70 years until the Fremantle Inner Harbour was opened in 1897.[6][7]

The first settlers arrived in Albany in December 1826 when Major Edmund Lockyer arrived at the harbour aboard the brig Amity The port started from humble beginnings when a finger jetty was built between 1862 and 1864 in Princess Royal Harbour. The construction was extended in 1874 and fitted with a T-shaped head and gas lighting.[8]

Dredging and land reclamation around the port area commenced in 1893, with a further five dredging operations taking place between 1901 and 1979.[9] Albany was an important arrival point for migrants and settlers in Western Australia with over 40,000 people arriving between 1839-1925.[10]

The Great White Fleet visited Albany on 11 September 1908 and stayed for one week to take coal aboard as part of the fleet's circumnavigation of the world. The fleet arrived from Melbourne and the next port of call was Manila.[11]

In 2004 2,685,000 metric tonnes of cargo passed through the port and in 2005 2,990,000 metric tonnes of cargo was achieved. During this time woodchip exports increased by 105%.[12]

A huge drug seizure was recorded in the Port area in 2004 when the Australian Federal Police and the Australian Customs Service recovered 100 kilograms (220 lb) of powder cocaine, worth over $45 million, was recovered from a local beach after being buried in the dunes. The drugs were imported on a bulk grain carrier Marcos Dias having come from South America via South East Asia, three men were arrested as a result.[13]

In 2005 handler and exporter CBH, proceeded with a $130 million upgrade of their grain handling and loading facilities at the port.

The Albany Port Authority won the national Lloyd's Port of the Year award in 2006[14] for its development of new technology used to restore degrade load-bearing concrete piles without disrupting cargo handling activities.[15]

The port was visited by the Queen Elizabeth II passenger liner in February 2008 as part of its final world trip. Albany was the only regional port that was visited during the Australian leg of the voyage.[16]

The largest vessel ever handled by the Port was the Bulk carrier 71,749 dwt Maritime Grace which was partly loaded at the port.

War legacy[edit]

During dredging in 2000 to expand the harbour, a large amount of unexploded munitions was found at the bottom of the harbour so that the Worksafe demanded that dredging cease until the harbour was made safe again. It was consequently found that the ordnance had been spilt during loading of excess munitions to be disposed of at sea in 1947 and 1948 by the Australian Army and Navy.[17] The Albany Port Authority took the Commonwealth government to court to pay for the clean-up of the munitions.[18] The Commonwealth lost the case and were ordered to pay $5.25 million for past and future clean-up costs and an additional $1 million for legal costs. Some of the ammunition that has been found included a 250 pound aerial bomb, 18 pound artillery shells and rifle ammunitions.[19]

Port Trade[edit]

The port handles a variety of goods that are imported and exported through the harbour. Products that are commonly imported through Albany port are manufactured fertilizers, fertilizer raw materials, petroleum fuels and fish. Products most commonly exported through the port are woodchips, wheat, silica sand, barley, canola and oats.

Port of Albany from Princess Royal Drive, West of Albany
Year Imports (tonnes) Exports (tonnes) Total trade (tonnes) Vessels entering port
2001 244,205 1,429,206 1,673,454 89
2002 160,401 1,434,123 1,594,524 86
2003 147,778 1,813,468 1,961,271 104
2004 156,396 2,684,629 2,841,066 116
2005 156,065 2,834,170 2,990,385 120
2006 121,794 2,538,167 2,660,834 91
2007 92,599 3,408,478 3,501,877 119
2008 111,677 3,554,323 3,666,150 129
2009 144,368 4,024,311 4,168,679 138
2010 130,289 3,292,527 3,423,165 126
2011 114,287 2,952,654 3,069,456 105

Woodchips were first exported from Albany Port in 2002 [20] and by 2007 made up in excess of 40% of the total tonnage exported. The Port contributes significantly to the economy of the Great Southern Region estimated to be in excess of $160 million per annum.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "South Coasr Rivercare - Princess Royal Harbour". 2002. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "Albany Port Authority - Statement of Corporate intent 2005 to 2006". 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
  3. ^ "Western Australia's Port Handbook". 2005. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  4. ^ "Labor's plan to build trade". 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  5. ^ "Marine Yellow Pages - Albany Port". 2008. Retrieved 16 May 2008. [dead link]
  6. ^ "The Fremantle Harbour. The S.S. Sultan at the South Quay". The West Australian . 5 May 1897. p. 2. Retrieved 30 Nov 2013. 
  7. ^ "WA Museum History of the Albany Port". 2002. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  8. ^ "LandCorp - Albany Waterfront Heritage Impact Statement". 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  9. ^ "Grange Resources - Albany Port Expansion Proposal". 2002. Retrieved 16 May 2008. 
  10. ^ "WA Museum History of the Albany Port". 2002. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  11. ^ "Great White Fleet - Albany, Australia". 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2008. 
  12. ^ "Albany Port Authority - 2004-2005 Annual Reprt". 2008. Retrieved 15 May 2008. 
  13. ^ "Australian Federal Police National media release - Major cocaine seizure in WA". 2004. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  14. ^ "Maritime Union of Australia - Maritime Workers Journal 2007". 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2008. 
  15. ^ "The Hindu - Albany port ready to share berth restoration technique with India". Chennai, India. 27 January 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2008. 
  16. ^ "ABC News - Albany port gears up for historic QE2 visit Port". 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2008. 
  17. ^ "The Australian - Harbour stoush a legal minefield". 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2008. [dead link]
  18. ^ "ABC News - Court told State Government approved bombs being shipped out of Albany". 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2008. 
  19. ^ "The West Australian - Another military shell found in Albany harbour". 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008. [dead link]
  20. ^ "ABC Rural - First woodchips sail out of Albany port". 2002. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 
  21. ^ "Albany Port Authority - Statement of Corporate intent 2005 to 2006". 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2008. 

External links[edit]

35°02′12″S 117°54′03″E / 35.03667°S 117.90083°E / -35.03667; 117.90083Coordinates: 35°02′12″S 117°54′03″E / 35.03667°S 117.90083°E / -35.03667; 117.90083