Port of Cirebon

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Port of Cirebon
Port of Cirebon.jpg
Port of Cirebon (2006)
Location
Country Indonesia
Location Cirebon,
northern coast of Java
Coordinates 6°42′35″S 108°34′22″E / 6.70972°S 108.57278°E / -6.70972; 108.57278 (Port of Cirebon)
Details
Opened 1865
Operated by Port Authority of Tanjung Priok
Owned by Government of Indonesia
Land area 25 hectares
Available berths 17
Wharfs 3
Warehouse space 26 hectares
Statistics
Vessel arrivals 1957 vessels (in 2006)
Annual cargo tonnage 3.27 million metric tons (in 2006)
Annual container volume 64 TEU (in 2006)
Passenger traffic Fortnightly ferry services to Borneo
Main imports Coal, asphalt, vegetable oils
Main exports Cement, tea, rice, sugar
Website
Port of Cirebon website

The Port of Cirebon is a multipurpose seaport in the city of Cirebon on the north coast of the Indonesian island of Java.

Port activity is dominated by bulk imports of coal, liquid asphalt and vegetable oils for the West Java hinterland.[1] Minor operations include a small container terminal and a single passenger berth. In 2006 the port handled 3.27 million metric tons (MT) of trade, more than 90 percent as imports from other Indonesian ports.

History[edit]

The Port of Cirebon was established by the Dutch East India Company in 1865, principally as an export point for spices, sugar cane and raw materials from West Java. Warehouses and open storage areas were developed by 1890, and a British American Tobacco cigarette factory was built in the early twentieth century.

The Port does not have its own Port Authority. From 1927 to 1957 it was administered by the port authority for Semarang, and thereafter by the port authority for Tanjung Priok.

Port Operations[edit]

Bulk cargo[edit]

Warehouse at Port of Cirebon (2006)

Port operations are centred on the bulk transshipment of coal, asphalt and vegetable oils from other Indonesian ports to the West Java hinterland. Of the 1,957 vessels to access the port in 2006 more than 1,600 were domestic shipping bringing bulk cargo to Cirebon for regional distribution.

The bulk coal terminal has a storage capacity of 50,000 MT[1] and supplies cement factories in Cirebon, Cibinong and Bogor. Coal unloading capacity is 20 tons per hour.[1] but utilisation rates are low - in 2005 bulk cargo terminal utilisation fell to just 41 percent.[1]

Specialist liquid asphalt and vegetable oil terminals are operated as joint ventures with the private sector. Asphalt storage capacity is 11,300 MT across six tanks.[1] The vegetable oil handling facility occupies 18 km² of port land with a storage capacity of 10,300 MT.[1]

Exports include bulk cement to Europe and Japan, and the transshipment of tea, rice, sugar and a regular quantity of locally produced rattan furniture.[2]

Passenger services[edit]

Patrol boat at Port of Cirebon (2006)

A small passenger terminal operates adjacent to the bulk cargo wharves. Passenger facilities occupy 1,600m² and currently cater for a single fortnightly service running between Cirebon and Pontianak in West Kalimantan, Borneo.

Containers[edit]

A container handling facility was officially opened in 2002 ahead of anticipated increased demand for containerised exports.[3] The facility handled 64 TEU's in its first year before ceasing operation in 2003.[4]

Berths and logistics[edit]

The Port of Cirebon covers 25 hectares of land for port operations and a further 26 hectares for storage and warehousing. The port contains five medium cargo-handling berths with lengths up to 275m and low-water depths up to 7m.[5]

Principal cargo berths - Port of Cirebon
Berth Quay length
(m)
Depth at LWS
(m)
Capacity
(ton/m²)
Muarajati I 275 7.0 3
Muarajati II 248 5.5 2
Muarajati III 80 7.0 3
Linggarjati I 131 4.5 2
Pelita I (Jetty) 30 4.5 1
Pelita II (Jetty) 51 4.5 1
Pelita III (Jetty) 30 4.5 1

Twelve smaller berths of between 11 and 40 metres are also available, though depth at low water is in some cases two metres.[5] Tidal range is up to 1.3 metres with strong south to south-westerly winds. Channel depth is 7m with a width of 17.5m².

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Cirebon Port:Conventional Terminal". Port of Cirebon. 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  2. ^ "Ports". Ministry of Commerce, People's Republic of China. 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  3. ^ "Port Cirebon launches its first container port". Infolink (ASEAN Ports Association). 2002-06-01. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  4. ^ "Cirebon Port: Statistics". Port of Cirebon. 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 
  5. ^ a b "Cirebon Port: Facilities". Port of Cirebon. 2004. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 

External links[edit]