Coordinates: 29°52′N 121°33′E / 29.867°N 121.550°E Port of Ningbo (SSE: 601018) is one of the most important and busiest ports in mainland China. It is located on the rich coastal province of Zhejiang. The port is at the crossroad of the north-south shipping route and the important waterway of the Yangtze River. The port comprises several ports which are Beilun (seaport), Zhenhai (estuary port) and old Ningbo harbor (inland river port), Daxie and Chuanshan. It is one of a growing number of ports in China with a cargo throughput volume exceeding 100 million tons annually.
Ningbo Port is involved in economic trade with cargo shipment, raw materials and manufactured goods from as far as North and South America and Oceania. It has economic trade with over 560 ports from more than 90 countries and regions in the world.
The Port of Ningbo has recently been merged with the neighbouring Port of Zhoushan to form a combined cargo-handling centre. The combined Ningbo-Zhoushan Port had a traffic of 627,000,000 tons of cargo in 2010, making it the second-largest port in the world (after Shanghai) in terms of cargo volume.
Ningbo Port was established in 738 during China's ancient history. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it was known as one of the three major seaports for foreign trade under the name "Mingzhou", along with Yangzhou and Guangzhou. In the Song Dynasty, it became one of the three major port cities for foreign trade together with Guangzhou and Quanzhou. It was designated as one of the "Five Treaty Ports" along with Guangzhou, Xiamen, Fuzhou and Shanghai after the Opium War. The water quality within Ningo port has become badly polluted over the past ten years, due to the mass scale sea traffic constantly in operation. 
Port infrastructure 
Location of the port (click for larger image).
Port of Ningbo is a modern multi-purpose deep water port, consisting of inland, estuary and coastal harbors. There are a total of 191 berths including 39 deep water berths with 10,000 and more tonnage. The larger ones include the 250,000 tonnage crude oil terminal, the 200,000+ tonnage ore loading berth. There is also a purpose-built terminal for the 6th generation container vessel and the 50,000 tonnage berth dedicated for liquid chemical products. 
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