Porta Collina

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Coordinates: 41°54′26.42″N 12°29′55.37″E / 41.9073389°N 12.4987139°E / 41.9073389; 12.4987139 The Colline Gate (Latin Porta Collina) was a landmark in ancient Rome, supposed to have been built by Servius Tullius, semi-legendary king of Rome 578–535 BC. The gate stood at the north end of the Servian Wall, and past it were two important streets, the Via Salaria and Via Nomentana. Within this area the Alta Semita linked the Quirinal with the Porta Carmentalis.[1] Several temples were located near the gate, including temples of Venus Erycina[2] and Fortuna. To a person facing the gate in the 3rd century AD, the Gardens of Sallust would have been on the left, with the Baths of Diocletian on the right.[3]

Plutarch says that, when a Vestal was punished for violating her vow of chastity, the subterranean chamber for her live burial was near the Colline Gate.[4] The gate was the site of a decisive battle during the Roman civil wars of the 80s BC between the forces of Cinna and Sulla.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sarolta A. Takács, Vestal Virgins, Sibyls, and Matrons: Women in Roman Religion (University of Texas Press, 2007), p. 88.
  2. ^ Elaine Fantham, commentary on Ovid Fasti Book IV (Cambridge University Press, 1998), p. 255 online.
  3. ^ Kim J. Hartswick, The Gardens of Sallust: A Changing Landscape (University of Texas Press, 2004), p. 143 online.
  4. ^ For the passage in its dreadful entirety, see Takács, Vestal Virgins, p. 87 online; discussion pp. 88–89.
  5. ^ Michael Lovano, The Age of Cinna: Crucible of Late Republican Rome (Franz Steiner Verlag, 2002), p. 129ff. online.