Academy Awards are granted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), a professional honorary organization, which as of 2007 had a voting membership of 5,830. Actors, with a membership of 1,311, make up the largest voting bloc at 22 percent. The votes have been tabulated and certified by the auditing firm PricewaterhouseCoopers and its predecessor Price Waterhouse for 72 years, since close to the awards' inception.
Walt Disney holds the record for having the most Academy Awards: 22 won, and 4 honorary. He also holds the record for the most nominations, having been nominated for 59 Academy Awards during his lifetime.
The first movie to win a best picture award was the 1927 film Wings.
With 45 Oscar nominations, film composer John Williams is currently the most-nominated living member of the Motion Picture Academy.
Sound re-recording mixer Kevin O'Connell currently holds the record for most Oscar nominations without a win at 20. His most recent nomination was for Transformers (2007).
For the Best Director Award, John Ford holds the record for the most awards (four awards resulting from five nominations), while William Wyler holds the record for the most nominations (12 nominations resulting in three awards).