Portal:Africa

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For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
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Location of Africa on the world map
Satellite map of Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,599 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 20.4% of the Earth's total land area, and with over 1 billion inhabitants in 61 territories, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population. Modern human evolutionary theory recognizes Africa, particularly the area in and around present-day Ethiopia, as the cradle of humankind.

The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas and is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. Because of the lack of natural regular precipitation and irrigation as well as glaciers or mountain aquifer systems, there no natural moderating effect on the climate exists except near the coasts.

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Areas affected by the Lord's Resistance Army

The Lord's Resistance Army insurgency is a guerrilla campaign waged since 1987 by the cult-like Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group, operating mainly in northern Uganda, but also in South Sudan and eastern DR Congo. The movement, led by Joseph Kony, who proclaims himself the "spokesperson" of God and a spirit medium, aims are to overthrow Yoweri Museveni's Ugandan government and to establish a theocratic state based on the Ten Commandments and Acholi tradition, according to its leaders.

The conflict, one of Africa's longest running, resulted in a very severe humanitarian crisis. The LRA is accused of widespread human rights violations, including mutilation, torture, rape, the abduction of civilians, the use of child soldiers and a number of massacres. (Read more...)

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A Kirby's Dropwing (Trithemis kirbyi) in Tsumeb, Namibia
Photo credit: User:Lycaon

Trithemis kirbyi is a species of dragonfly in the family Libellulidae found across most of Africa. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, dry savanna, moist savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical moist shrubland, rivers, and inland karsts.

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Chinua Achebe speaking at Asbury Hall, Buffalo.

Chinua Achebe, born Albert Chinualumogu Achebe on November 16, 1930, is a Nigerian novelist, poet and critic. He is best known for his first novel, Things Fall Apart (1958), which is the most widely-read book in modern African literature.

Raised by Christian parents in the Igbo village of Ogidi in south Nigeria, Achebe excelled at school and won a scholarship for undergraduate studies. He became fascinated with world religions and traditional African cultures, and began writing stories as a university student. After graduation, he worked for the Nigerian Broadcasting Service and soon moved to the metropolis of Lagos. He gained worldwide attention for Things Fall Apart in the late 1950s; his later novels include No Longer at Ease (1960), Arrow of God (1964), A Man of the People (1966), and Anthills of the Savannah (1987). Achebe wrote his novels in English and has defended the use of English, a language of colonisers, in African literature. In 1975 he was the focus of controversy when he delivered a lecture entitled An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's "Heart of Darkness". He criticised author Joseph Conrad for his unflattering depiction of African people, referring to him as "a thoroughgoing racist". (Read more...)

Topics in Africa

Culture Architecture (World Heritage Sites) · Art · Cinema (Film festivals · List of films) · Cuisine ·
Etiquette · Languages · Literature (Writers by country) · Music (Musicians) · Religion
Demographics People · Countries by population · Countries by population density · HIV/AIDS ·
Urbanization (List of most populous cities)
Economy Countries by GDP · Countries by HDI · Central banks and currencies · Poverty · Renewable energy · Stock exchanges · Natural resources
Geography Countries · Ecology · List of impact craters · List of islands · List of rivers · Regions
History Colonisation (European exploration · African slave trade · Scramble for Africa) ·
Decolonisation · Economic history · Military history (List of conflicts)
Politics African Union · Elections in Africa · Human rights in Africa · Pan-Africanism
Society African philosophy · Caste system · Education · Media (List of radio stations · List of television stations)
Sport African Cricket Association · All-Africa Games · Australian rules football · FIBA Africa ·
Confederation of African Football (African Cup of Nations) · Stadiums by capacity ·
Confederation of African Rugby (Africa Cup) · Tour d'Afrique
Years 2005 in Africa · 2006 in Africa · 2007 in Africa

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