From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alberta portal.svg


Flag of Alberta.svg
Alberta, Canada.svg
Alberta /ælˈbɜrtə/ is the most populous and fastest growing of Canada's three prairie provinces. It is approximately the same size as France or Texas and had a population of 3.7 million in 2009. It became a province on September 1, 1905, on the same day as Saskatchewan. It is economically important primarily because of its vast oil reserves, and its large tertiary and quaternary economic sector.

Alberta is located in western Canada, bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U.S. state (the others being New Brunswick and Yukon). It is also one of only two Canadian provinces that are landlocked (the other being Saskatchewan).

The capital city of Alberta is Edmonton, located just south of the centre of the province. Roughly 300 kilometres (190 mi) south of the capital is Calgary, Alberta's largest city and a major distribution and transportation hub as well as one of Canada's major commerce centres. Edmonton is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's oil sands and other northern resource industries. According to recent population estimates, these two metropolitan areas have now both exceeded 1 million people. Other municipalities in the province include Red Deer, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Fort McMurray, Grande Prairie, Camrose, Lloydminster, Brooks, Wetaskiwin, Banff, Cold Lake, and Jasper.

Alberta is named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert. Princess Louise was the wife of the Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883. Lake Louise, the village of Caroline, and Mount Alberta were also named in honour of Princess Louise. Since October 7, 2011, the Premier of the province has been Alison Redford, a Progressive Conservative.

Flag-map of Alberta.svg More about...Alberta, its history and diversity

Selected article - show another

Alexander Cameron Rutherford was a popular premier who enjoyed a sizeable majority before the scandal broke.
The Alberta and Great Waterways Railway scandal was a political scandal in Alberta, Canada in 1910. It resulted in the resignation of the government of Alexander Cameron Rutherford over allegations of conflict of interest in the government's involvement in the financing of the Alberta and Great Waterways Railway. The scandal was instigated by the resignation of Public Works Minister William Henry Cushing from Rutherford's cabinet over disagreement with the government's railway policy, and its agreement with the Alberta and Great Waterways Railway company in particular. The Legislative Assembly of Alberta soon heard revelations of government favouritism towards the company, which had received a government charter to build a railway in northern Alberta, and a failure to oversee its operations properly. These revelations brought a large portion of Rutherford's Liberal caucus into revolt against his government, and he narrowly survived a sequence of attempts to topple his government. After his cabinet suffered further resignations, Rutherford placated the legislature by establishing a royal commission to investigate the affair.

Selected biography - show another

Alexander Cameron Rutherford, premier of Alberta
Alexander Cameron Rutherford (February 2, 1857–June 11, 1941) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the first Premier of Alberta from 1905 to 1910. Born in Ormond, Ontario, he studied law at McGill University and articled in Ottawa. In 1888 he married Mattie Birkett; the pair had three children, two of whom survived infancy. In 1895, the family moved west and settled in Strathcona, where Rutherford continued to practice law and became one of the town's most prominent citizens. He made two unsuccessful bids for election to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, losing both times to Matthew McCauley, before winning election against a different opponent in the 1902 election. In keeping with the local custom, Rutherford's territorial political activities were as an independent, though he generally supported the administration of Premier Frederick W. A. G. Haultain. At the federal level, however, Rutherford was a Liberal.

After leaving politics, Rutherford continued his law practice and his involvement with a wide range of community groups. Most importantly, he became a senator and later chancellor of the University of Alberta, whose earlier founding had been a personal project. As chancellor, he oversaw the graduation of more than five thousand students and welcome students into his home both for convocation day tea and to consult his enormous personal library of Canadiana (which found its way into the University's collection after his death). He died of a heart attack June 11, 1941, less than a year later than his wife. A University of Alberta library, an Edmonton elementary school, and Jasper National Park's Mount Rutherford are named in his honour. Additionally, his home, Rutherford House, was opened as a museum in 1973.

Selected Did you know - show another

Did you know
...that in the Leduc No. 1 well sparked the oil and gas boom of Alberta after the second world-war? It struck oil in 1947 and produced 320,000 barrels of oil and 9 million m³ of natural gas between 1947 and 1974.
...DYK Archive/Nominations Start a new article
If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created or substantially expanded article, then please suggest it on the "Did you know?" talk page.

Selected picture - show another


Calgary, Alberta at daybreak.

Photo credit: Chuck Szmurlo Cszmurlo


Things to do

Wikipedia:WikiProject Alberta
WikiProject Alberta ···>
  1. Nominate, or vote on a new article, biography, image for the Portal that is B class.
  2. Add a feature or GA class one directly to the Portal.
  3. Add a {{WikiProject Canada |class= |importance= |ab=yes}} on Alberta related article talk pages.
  4. Assist with assessment of articles.
  5. Expand stubs.{{Alberta-stub}},{{Calgary-stub}},{{Edmonton-stub}},{{Lethbridge-stub}},{{Alberta-geo-stub}},{{Alberta-school-stub}},{{Alberta-airport-stub}},{{Alberta-protected-area-stub}},{{Alberta-politician-stub}} ,{{Alberta-road-stub}}
  6. Request photos by adding {{reqphoto|in=Alberta}}, {{reqphoto|in=Calgary}}, or {{reqphoto|in=Edmonton}} to the talk page, or uploading photos for the articles listed in Category:Wikipedia requested photographs in Alberta.


In the news

Wikinews Canada title.png

Related portals


Alberta on Wikinews     Alberta on Wikiquote     Alberta on Wikibooks     Alberta on Wikisource     Alberta on Wiktionary     Alberta on Wikimedia Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Texts Definitions Images & Media
Purge server cache