An amusement park is a collection of rides and other entertainment attractions assembled for the purpose of entertaining a fairly large group of people. An amusement park is more elaborate than a simple city park or playground and caters for all ages.
Amusement parks evolved in Europe from pleasure gardens, which existed for the recreation of the people, while charging a fee. In the United States, expositions were another influence on the amusement park. Amusement parks were the historical precursors to modern theme parks as well as the more traditional midway arcades and rides at county and state fairs (in the United States). Today, amusement parks have largely been replaced by theme parks, and the two terms are often used interchangeably. The oldest amusement park in the world is Bakken, at Klampenborg, north of Copenhagen, Denmark, which opened in 1583.
Amusement parks collect much of their revenue from admission fees paid by guests attending the park. Other revenue sources include parking fees, food and beverage sales and souvenirs. Some parks charge an entry fee which allows unlimited access to all attractions, whereas others offer free admission but charge guests for each attraction.
A roller coaster inversion is an element of a roller coaster track that turns riders upside-down and then rights them. The degree to which it must invert riders is nebulous and a point of contention when it comes to elements like overbanked turns, which turn riders such that their heads are below their feet, but are not considered inversions.
Shoot-the-Chutes is an amusement ride consisting of a flat-bottomed boat that slides down a ramp or inside a flume into a lagoon. Paul Boyton and Thomas Polk invented the earliest example in 1895 for Sea Lion Park at Coney Island. In the original ride (pictured) the flat bottom boat was pulled up the ramp by cable and turned around on a small turntable to be ready for the next load of passengers who arrived at the top by elevator. The bottom of the ramp curved upwards, causing the boat to skip across the water until it came to a stop where it was then guided to a landing by an onboard boatman. Unlike a log flume, a Shoot-the-Chutes generally has larger boats and one single drop.
Run and operated by the Merlin Entertainments Group, the park is promoted as first in Italy. It is currently home to a total of 54 rides including five roller coasters; Blue Tornado, Magic Mountain, Sequoia Adventure, Orto Bruco and Fuga da Atlantide.