Portal:Arab–Israeli conflict

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Arab–Israeli conflict

The Arab–Israeli conflict (Arabic: الصراع العربي الإسرائيلي‎, Al-Sura'a Al'Arabi A'Israili; Hebrew: הסכסוך הישראלי-ערבי‎, Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'Yisraeli-Aravi) refers to the political tension and military conflicts between the Arab League and Israel and between Arabs and Israelis. The roots of the modern Arab–Israeli conflict lie in the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism towards the end of the 19th century. Territory regarded by the Jewish people as their historical homeland is also regarded by the Pan-Arab movement as historically and presently belonging to the Palestinian Arabs,[1] and in the Pan-Islamic context, as Muslim lands. The conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs emerged in the early 20th century, exploding into a full scale civil war in 1947 and expanding to all Arab League countries with the creation of the modern State of Israel in May 1948.

The conflict, which started as a political and nationalist conflict over competing territorial ambitions following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, has shifted over the years from the large scale regional Arab–Israeli conflict to a more local Israeli–Palestinian conflict, as large-scale hostilities largely ended with the cease fire, following the 1973 October War. Consequently, peace agreements were signed between Israel and Egypt in 1979, and Israel and Jordan in 1994. The Oslo accords led to the creation of the Palestinian National Authority in 1993, though a final peace agreement has yet to be reached. A cease-fire currently stands between Israel and Syria, as well as more recently with Lebanon (since 2006). The conflict between Israel and Hamas-ruled Gaza, which resulted in the 2009 cease fire (although fighting has continued since then), though not directly related with the Arab League is usually also included as part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and hence the Arab–Israeli conflict. Despite the peace agreements with Egypt and Jordan and the generally existing cease fire, the Arab world and Israel generally remain at odds with each other over specific territory.

More about the Arab–Israeli conflict...

Selected article

Areal View Of Isdud Pre 1935.jpg
Operation Pleshet (Hebrew: מִבְצָע פְּלֶשֶׁת, Mivtza Pleshet, lit. "Operation Philistia"), named for the geographical region where it took place, was an Israeli military operation during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. It was carried out from May 29 to June 3, 1948, in the Isdud/Ad Halom area of the southern front, against the Egyptian Army. The aim of the operation was to capture Isdud and stop the Egyptian advance northwards. While only the June 2–3 engagements are officially named Operation Pleshet, the events immediately preceding are historiographically joined with it.

The preceding events consisted of an aerial bombardment, followed by small-scale Israeli harassment of the Egyptian lines, and later a ground assault (Operation Pleshet). The original plan was to attack on June 1–2, but this was canceled due to an impending ceasefire, and re-attempted on June 2–3. The Israelis, under the Givati Brigade's umbrella command, attacked in two main forces: one from the north (3 companies) and one from the south (4 reinforced companies). The Israelis had little intelligence on their enemy and were forced to retreat. They failed to capture territory, and suffered heavy casualties. However, following the operation, Egypt changed its strategy from offensive to defensive, thus halting their advance northwards.

Two unsettled historiographic debates exist revolving around the operation: whether the Egyptians were intending to advance toward Tel Aviv, which most historians agree was not the case; and whether the operation was a turning point on the Israeli southern front. Traditional Israeli historiography, supported by early Arab accounts, maintains that it was a turning point, while later Arab sources, and New Historians, dispute this.


Selected biography

Khaled Meshaal 01.jpg
Khaled Mashal, also known as Khaled Mashaal, Khaled Meshaal, and Khalid Mish'al, (Arabic: خالد مشعل‎, Ƈálɩd Maśoɑl/Mɩśoɑl; born 1956) has been the main leader of Hamas since the assassination of Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi in 2004. In addition, Mashal heads the Syrian branch of the political bureau of Hamas.

Mashal was born in Silwad, a village north of Ramallah and moved to Jordan in 1967. While attending Kuwait University, Mashal, as an Islamic student leader, challenged the dominance of Yasser Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization, participating in the foundation of the Islamic Haqq Bloc, which competed with Fatah for leadership of the General Union of Palestinian Students in Kuwait. After the founding of Hamas in 1987, Mashal came to lead the Kuwaiti branch of the organization.[2] Mashal moved from Kuwait to Jordan in 1991. Since the expulsion of the Hamas leadership from Jordan in August 1999, Mashal lived in Qatar before moving to the Syrian capital of Damascus in 2001. In 2010, The British Magazine New Statesman Listed Khaled Mashal at number 18th in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010".


Selected image

Arab volunteers.jpg
Arab volunteers fighting in Palestine in 1947

Wars - Battles - Operations - Massacres - Bombings

August 1929 : 1929 Hebron massacre
August 1929 : 1929 Safed massacre
September 1948 : Operation Velveta
November 1947-July 1948 : Siege of Jerusalem (1948)
March 1948 : Operation Hashmed
March 1948 : Operation Balak
April 1948 : Battle of Mishmar HaEmek
April 1948 : Operation Nachshon
April 1948 : Deir Yassin massacre
April 1948 : Operation Harel
April 1948 : Battle of Haifa (1948)
April 1948 : Battle of Manshiyya
April 1948 : Operation Hametz
April 1948 : Operation Yevusi
April 1948 : Operation Yiftach
May 1948 : Operation Matateh
May 1948 : Battle of Safed
May 1948 : Operation Maccabi
May 1948 : Operation Gideon
May 1948 : Operation Barak
May 1948 : Operation Ben-Ami
May 1948 : Operation Schfifon
May 1948 : Kfar Etzion massacre
May 1948 : Operation Kilshon
May-June 1948 : Battle of Malkiya
May 1948 : Battles of Kfar Darom
May 1948 : Battle of Gesher
May 1948 : Battles of the Kinarot Valley Good article
May 1948 : Battle of Nirim
May 1948 : Battles of the Old City of Jerusalem (1948)
May 1948 : Israeli raid on Syrian customs house
May 1948 : Battle of Yad Mordechai
May 1948 : Operation Namel
May 1948 : Battles of Ramat Rachel
May-July 1948 : Battles of Latrun (1948) Good article
May 1948 : Operation Erez
June-July 1948 : Battles of Negba
June 1948 : Operation Pleshet Good article
June 1948 : Operation Yitzhak
June 1948 : Battle of Nitzanim
June 1948 : Battle of Mishmar HaYarden
June 1948 : Battle of Ein Gev
June 1948 : Battle of Gezer
July 1948: Operation An-Far
July 1948: Operation Dekel
July 1948: Operation Danny
July 1948: Operation Brosh
July 1948: Battles of the Mandelbaum Gate
July 1948: Battle of Be'erot Yitzhak
July 1948: Operation Kedem
July 1948: Operation Death to the Invader
July 1948: Operation Shoter
July 1948: Operation GYS
October 1948: Operation Yoav
October 1948: Battle of the Beit Hanoun wedge
October 1948: Battles of the Separation Corridor
October 1948: Operation Egrof
October 1948: Battle of Sheikh 'Abd
October 1948: Operation Hiram
October 1948: Operation HaHar
October 1948: Operation Yekev
October 1948: Battle of El-Magdel
October 1948: Hula massacre
November 1948: Operation Shmone
November 1948: Operation Lot
December 1948: Operation Assaf
December 1948: Operation Horev
December 1948: Battle of Hill 86
December 1948: Battle of Bir Thamila
December 1948: Battle of al-Auja
December 1948: Operation Hisul
December-January 1948: Battles of the Sinai (1948)
January 1948: Battle of Rafah
March 1948: Operation Uvda
March 1948: Operation Yitzuv
October 1956 : Operation Musketeer (1956)
October 156 : Operation Telescope
October 1956 : Kafr Qasim massacre
October 1956: Battle of Jebel Heitan
Novembre 1956 : Bataille d'Abu-Ageila (1956)
June 1967 : Operation Focus
June 1967 : Battle of Abu-Ageila (1967)
June 1967 : Jordanian campaign (1967)
June 1967 : Battle of Ammunition Hill
June 1967 : Battle of Latrun (1967)
June 1967 : Battle of the Old City of Jerusalem (1967)
June 1967 : USS Liberty incident
June 1967 : Waiting period (Six-Day War)
March 1968 : Battle of Karameh
July 1969 : Operation Bulmus 6
July 1969 : Operation Boxer
September 1969 : Operation Raviv
December 1969 : Operation Rooster 53
January-April 1970 : Operation Priha
July 1970 : Operation Rimon 20
1972-1992 Operation Wrath of God Featured article
Octobre 1973 : 1973 Israeli raid on Lebanon
October 1973 : Operation Badr (1973) Good article
October 1973 : Battles of Fort Budapest
October 1973 : Battle of Fort Lahtzanit Good article
October 1973 : Ofira Air Battle
October 1973 : First Battle of Mount Hermon
October 1973 : Battle of Marsa Talamat
October 1973 : Valley of Tears
October 1973 : Operation Tagar
October 1973 : Operation Doogman 5
October 1973 : Battle of Latakia
October 1973 : Second Battle of Mount Hermon
October 1973 : Battle of Baltim
October 1973 : 1973 Syrian General Staff Headquarters Raid
October 1973 : Battle of the Sinai (1973)
October 1973 : Air Battle of El Mansoura
October 1973 : Battle of the Chinese Farm Good article
October 1973 : Battle of Ismailia
October 1973 : Third Battle of Mount Hermon
October 1973 : Battle of Suez
March 1978 : 1978 South Lebanon conflict
June-September 1982 : 1982 Lebanon War
June 1982:Battle of the Beaufort (1982)
June 1982 : Battle of Jezzine (1982)
June 1982 : Operation Mole Cricket 19 Good article
June 1982 : Battle of Sultan Yacoub
June-August 1982 : Siege of Beirut
September 1982 : Sabra and Shatila massacre
July 1993 : Operation Accountability
April 1996 : April War
1996 shelling of Qana
June 2001 : Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing
August 2001 : Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing
March 2002 : Passover massacre
April 2002 : Operation Defensive Shield
April 2002 : Battle of Jenin
April-May 2002 : Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
April 2002 : Battle of Nablus
June 2002 : Patt Junction Bus Bombing
June 2002 : Operation Determined Path
October 2003 : Maxim restaurant suicide bombing
2004 : 2004 Israel–Gaza conflict
May 2004 : Operation Rainbow (2004)
September-October 2004 : Operation Days of Penitence
June-November 2006 : 2006 Israel–Gaza conflict
October-November 2006 : Operation Autumn Clouds (2006)
May 2007-June 2008 : 2007–2008 Israel–Gaza conflict
February-March 2008 : Operation Hot Winter
December 2008-January 2009 : Gaza War
July 2006 : 2006 Hezbollah cross-border raid
July 2006 : Opération Baliste
July 2006 : Operation Sukoon
July 2006 : Jiyeh Power Station oil spill
Juky 2006 : Battle of Maroun al-Ras
July 2006 : Battle of Bint Jbeil
July 2006 : Qana airstrike
July-August 2006 : Battle of Ayta ash-Shab
August 2006 : Operation Sharp and Smooth
August 2006 : Al-Qaa airstrike
Auguste 2006 : Tyre raid
Auguste 2006 : Chyah airstrike
August 2006 : Ghaziyeh airstrikes
Auguste 2006 : Operation Changing Direction 11
August 2006 : Battle of Wadi Saluki

Diplomacy

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993
1947 : United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine

Personalities

Flag of Algeria.svg Ahmed Ben Bella
Flag of Algeria.svg Houari Boumédiène
Flag of Austria.svg Bruno Kreisky
Flag of Canada.svg Lester Bowles Pearson
Flag of Egypt.svg Farouk of Egypt
Flag of Egypt.svg Muhammad Naguib
Flag of Egypt.svg Gamal Abdel Nasser Good article
Flag of Egypt.svg Anwar Sadat
Flag of Egypt.svg Hosni Moubarak
Flag of Egypt.svg Salah Salem
Flag of Egypt.svg Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Flag of Egypt.svg Abdel Hakim Amer
Flag of Egypt.svg Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam
Flag of Egypt.svg Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Flag of Egypt.svg Ahmed Ali al-Mwawi
Flag of Egypt.svg Ahmad Ismail Ali
Flag of Egypt.svg Abdul Munim Riad
Flag of Egypt.svg Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy
Flag of Egypt.svg Saad El Shazly
Flag of France.svg Charles de Gaulle
Flag of France.svg Guy Mollet
Flag of France.svg Jacques Chirac
Flag of France.svg Pierre Barjot
Flag of Germany.svg Joschka Fischer
Flag of Iran.svg Rouhollah Khomeini
Flag of Iran.svg Ali Khamenei
Flag of Iran.svg Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Flag of Iraq.svg Faisal I of Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg Ghazi of Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg Faisal II of Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg Abdul Rahman Arif
Flag of Iraq.svg Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr
Flag of Iraq.svg Saddam Hussein
Flag of Israel.svg Ehud Barak
Flag of Israel.svg Menahem Begin
Flag of Israel.svg David Ben-Gurion
Flag of Israel.svg Moshe Dayan
Flag of Israel.svg Levi Eshkol
Flag of Israel.svg Golda Meir
Flag of Israel.svg Benjamin Netanyahu
Flag of Israel.svg Ehud Olmert
Flag of Israel.svg Shimon Peres
Flag of Israel.svg Yitzhak Rabin
Flag of Israel.svg Yitzhak Shamir
Flag of Israel.svg Ariel Sharon
Flag of Israel.svg Chaim Weizmann
Flag of Israel.svg Uri Avnery
Flag of Jordan.svg Abdullah I of Jordan
Flag of Jordan.svg Hussein of Jordan
Flag of Jordan.svg Abdullah II of Jordan
Flag of Jordan.svg Zaid ibn Shaker
Flag of Jordan.svg Abdullah el-Tell
Flag of Jordan.svg Asad Ghanma
Flag of Jordan.svg Mashhour Haditha
Flag of Lebanon.svg Bashir Gemayel
Flag of Lebanon.svg Hassan Nasrallah
Flag of Lebanon.svg Nabih Berri
Flag of Lebanon.svg Fouad Siniora
Flag of Lebanon.svg Michel Sleiman
Flag of Libya.svg Muammar Gaddafi
Flag of Morocco.svg Hassan II of Morocco
Flag of Morocco.svg Mohammed VI of Morocco
Flag of Morocco.svg Abd al-Qadir el-Allam
Flag of Norway.svg Mona Juul
Flag of Norway.svg Johan Jørgen Holst
Flag of Norway.svg Terje Roed-Larsen
Flag of Palestine.svg Amin al-Husseini
Flag of Palestine.svg Yasser Arafat Featured article
Flag of Palestine.svg Mahmoud Abbas
Flag of Palestine.svg Marwan Barghouti
Flag of Palestine.svg Khalil al-Wazir Good article
Flag of Palestine.svg Abu Nidal Featured article
Flag of Palestine.svg Ali Hassan Salameh
Flag of Palestine.svg Muhammad Youssef al-Najjar
Flag of Palestine.svg Kamal Adouan
Flag of Palestine.svg Kamal Nasser
Flag of Palestine.svg Ahmed Yassin
Flag of Palestine.svg Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi
Flag of Palestine.svg Mohammad Taha
Flag of Palestine.svg Ismail Haniyeh
Flag of Palestine.svg Khaled Mashal
Flag of Russia.svg Nikita Khrushchev Featured article
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saud of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Khalid of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Fahd of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Sweden.svg Folke Bernadotte
Flag of Syria.svg Shukri al-Quwatli
Flag of Syria.svg Husni al-Za'im
Flag of Syria.svg Nureddin al-Atassi
Flag of Syria.svg Hafez el-Assad
Flag of Syria.svg Bashar el-Assad
Flag of Syria.svg Salah Jadid
Flag of Syria.svg Mustafa Tlass
Flag of Syria.svg Ali Aslan
Flag of Uganda.svg Idi Amin Dada Good article
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Balfour
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ernest Bevin
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg John Bagot Glubb
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Norman Lash
Flag of the United States.svg Madeleine Albright
Flag of the United States.svg Ralph Bunche
Flag of the United States.svg George W. Bush
Flag of the United States.svg Barack Obama Featured article
Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy Carter
Flag of the United States.svg Bill Clinton
Flag of the United States.svg Henry Kissinger
Flag of the United States.svg Condoleezza Rice
Flag of the United States.svg Dennis Ross
Flag of the United States.svg Warren Christopher
Flag of the United States.svg Cyrus Vance
Flag of Venezuela.svg Hugo Chávez
Flag of Venezuela.svg Ilich Ramírez Sánchez

Diverse

Movies

Paradise Now
Persona Non Grata
Waltz with Bashir
The Road to Jenin

Media war

Muhammad al-Durrah incident Featured article
Tuvia Grossman
Media coverage of the Arab–Israeli conflict
Pallywood

Refugees

Palestinian refugees
Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim lands

Related portals

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War Politics

Article of the month

Flag of Hamas

Hamas (Arabic: حماسḤamās, "enthusiasm", an acronym of حركة المقاومة الاسلامية Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamah al-ʾIslāmiyyah, "Islamic Resistance Movement") is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic or Islamist[3] organization, with an associated military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades.[4]

Since June 2007 Hamas has governed the Gaza Strip, after it won a majority of seats in the Palestinian Parliament in the January 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections[5] and then defeated the Fatah political organization in a series of violent clashes. Israel, the United States,[6] Canada,[7] the European Union,[8][9] and Japan classify Hamas as a terrorist organization,[10][11] while Iran, Russia,[12] Turkey,[13] and Arab nations do not.

(more...)

Biography of the month

Maryam Mohammad Yousif Farhat (Arabic: مريم محمد يوسف فرحات‎), or Mariam Farahat (1950 – 2013), popularly known as Umm Nidal (Arabic: أم نضال‎), "the mother of Nidal", was one of Hamas' candidates elected in the Palestinian legislative election, 2006. Three of her six sons performed Hamas suicide attacks against Israel.

The word "Nidal" in Arabic language is a secular term, meaning "struggle", "effort" or "work".

In an interview published in both the Israeli Arab weekly Kul al-Arab and the London-based Arabic language daily Al-Quds al-Arabi, Umm Nidal said she was proud of her sons. In her December 2005 interview, Umm Nidal said:

"I protect my sons from defying Allah, or from choosing a path that would not please Allah. This is what I fear, when it comes to my sons. But as for sacrifice, Jihad for the sake of Allah, or performing the duty they were charged with - this makes me happy."
"There is no difference. This is Islamic religious law. I don't invent anything. I follow Islamic religious law in this. A Muslim is very careful not to kill an innocent person, because he knows he would be destined to eternal Hell. So the issue is not at all simple. We rely on Islamic religious law when we say there is no prohibition on killing these people."
"The word 'peace' does not mean the kind of peace we are experiencing. This peace is, in fact, surrender and a shameful disgrace. Peace means the liberation of all of Palestine, from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea. When this is accomplished - if they want peace, we will be ready. They may live under the banner of the Islamic state. That is the future of Palestine that we are striving towards."[14]


(more...)

Image of the month

Israeli civilians killed by Hezbollah rocket attacks, 12 July – 13 August 2006 (black)
vs. the ethnic composition at the North of Israel (pink).[15]

Protagonists

Main

States
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq
Flag of Israel.svg Israel
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon
Flag of Libya.svg Libya
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco
Flag of Syria.svg Syria
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen
Organizations and political parties
Arab
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg Baath Party
Flag of the Arab League.svg Arab League


Israeli
Kadima
Likud
Yisrael Beiteinu
Avoda
Shas


Lebanese
Hezbollah Good article
Flag of the Amal Movement.svg Amal
Flag of the Progressive Socialist Party.svg Progressive Socialist Party
Flag of the Lebanese Communist Party.svg Lebanese Communist Party
Flag of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party.svg Syrian Social Nationalist Party
Flag of the Future Movement.svg Movement of the Future
Armenian Revolutionary Federation Good article
Flag of Lebanese Forces.svg Lebanese Forces
Flag of Kataeb Party.svg Kataeb Party
Free Patriotic Movement
Democratic Renewal
Lebanese Democratic Party
National Liberal Party
Democratic Left Movement Good article
Palestinian

PLO

Other

Former organizations
Arab
Arab Liberation Army
Israeli
Irgun
Haganah
Lehi.jpg Lehi

Armament

The IMI Negev LMG
An IAI Gabriel Anti-ship missile on display

Israel

Merkava Mark II at Yad La-Shiryon.
IAI Kfir C.2 at the entrance to Ovda Israeli Air Force Base
Sa'ar 5
Weapons and missiles
IMI Galil
IMI Tavor TAR-21
IMI Negev
M89SR sniper rifle
IMI Desert Eagle
Uzi
B-300
MATADOR (weapon)
CornerShot
Skunk (weapon)
SIMON breach grenade
Soltam M-66
Arrow (missile) Good articleA-Class article
Jericho (missile)
Gabriel (missile)
Nimrod (missile)
Vehicles and tanks
Achzarit
Merkava
Airplanes and helicopters
IAI Nesher
IAI Kfir
IAI Lavi
Ships and submarines
Sa'ar 4.5 class missile boat
Sa'ar 5-class corvette
Dolphin class submarine

Egypt

Hakim Rifle
Egyptian modified version of the M60A1 participates with the Egyptian Army in Operation Bright Star.
An Egyptian M60 and crew during the Gulf War
Egyptian Air Force F-16D
An Egyptian Air Force DHC-5D
Egyptian torpedo boat of the Soviet Project 206 class ('Shershen' class), with torpedo launchers removed.
Weapons and missiles
Hakim Rifle
Rasheed Carbine
AK-47
MISR
M16 rifle
RPG-7
Carl Gustav M/45
Strela 2
Vehicles and tanks
M113
M1 Abrams
M60 Patton
T-62
Airplanes and helicopters
Embraer EMB 312 Tucano
MiG-21
Mil Mi-17
F-16
Mirage 2000
F-4 Phantom
AH-64 Apache
Chengdu J-7
Mil Mi-8
Aérospatiale Gazelle
Ships and submarines
Oliver Hazard Perry class
Knox class frigate
Najm el Zapher
Koni class frigate
El Suez
Ambassador MK III
Ossa I
Tiger Type 148
Ramadan
October
Hegu
Hainan
Shershen
Shanghai II
Polnocny A class Landing Ships
T43
Yurka
Osprey
Tuima
Z class destroyer
Black Swan

Iraq

The Iraqi Tariq
Iraqi Security Force (ISF) soldier with an RPG-7.
Iraqi soldiers training with the RPK light machine gun.
Iraqi T-72 tanks of Iraqi Army 9th Mechanized Division in 2006.
A Ukrainian-built BTR-94 sits atop a flatbed truck awaiting transportation to Iraq, circa August 2004.
An Iraqi MiG-25 Foxbat found buried under the sand west of Baghdad.
An Iraqi MiG-23
Weapons and missiles
Tariq
Beretta 92
TT pistol
Škorpion vz. 61
PM-84 Glauberyt
RPG-7
Tabuk Sniper Rifle
Vz. 58
Colt M4
M16 rifle
M4 carbine
Zastava M21
Kbk wz. 1988 Tantal
Al Kadesiah
M24 Sniper Weapon System
RPG-7
RPK
RPD
FN Minimi
PK machine gun
Scud
Al Hussein (missile)
Al-Samoud 2
Vehicles and tanks
T-54
T-55
T-62
T-72
M1 Abrams
M60 Patton
BTR-94
BMP-1
BMP-2
M113
M1114
M1151
AMZ Dzik
Panhard
FV103 Spartan
FV103 Spartan
Otokar Akrep
Cougar (vehicle)
MT-LB


Airplanes and helicopters
MiG-17
MiG-23
MiG-25
MiG-27
MiG-29
Su-17
Su-20
Su-22
Su-24
Su-25
Utva Lasta
Beechcraft T-6 Texan II
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Mil Mi-17
UH-1H
MBB Bo 105
Mil Mi-24
Aérospatiale Alouette III
Aérospatiale Super Frelon
Aérospatiale Gazelle
AgustaWestland AW109
Bell 212
Sikorsky S-300
MD Helicopters MD 500
MBB/Kawasaki BK 117
Mil Mi-4
Mil Mi-6
Mil Mi-8

Recognized content

Featured articles

Good articles

  1. ^ The Palestinian National Charter – Article 6
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Profile:_Khaled_Meshaal_of_Hamas was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ * "This is particularly the case in view of the scholarly debate on the compatibility of Islam and democracy but even more so in view of Hamas's self-definition as an Islamic national liberation movement." The Palestinian Hamas: vision, violence, and coexistence, by Shaul Mishal & Avraham Sela, 2006, p. xxviii [1]; *In this way the PA has been able to control the economic activities of its political adversaries, including the Hamas and other Islamic opposition groups. Investment in peace: politics of economic cooperation between Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinian Authority, by Shaul Mishal, Ranan D. Kuperman, David Boas, 2001, p. 85 [2]; * "Hamas is a radical Islamic fundamentalist organization that has stated that its highest priority is a Jihad (holy war) for the liberation of Palestine ..." Peace and war: the Arab-Israeli military balance enters the 21st century, by Anthony H. Cordesman, 2002, p. 243 [3]; * "One of the secrets behind the success of Hamas is that it is an Islamic and national movement at one and the same time ..." 'Hamas: Palestinian Identity, Islam, and National Sovereignty', by Meir Litvak, in Challenges to the cohesion of the Arabic State, by Asher Susser, 2008, p. 153. [4]; * "Hamas is an Islamic fundamentalist movement founded in 1987..." Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues, by Gus Martin, 2009, p. 153 [5]; * "Hamas is an Islamic jihadist organization..." Why Israel Can't Wait: The Coming War Between Israel and Iran, by Jerome R. Corsi, 2009, p. 39. [6]; * "The Islamic Resistance Movement (Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islam- iyya), known by its acronym Hamas, is an Islamic fundamentalist organization which defines itself as the military wing of the Muslim Brethren." Anti-semitic motifs in the ideology of Hizballah and Hamas, by Esther Webman, 1994, p. 17. [7]* "Understanding Islamism", Crisis Group Middle East/North Africa Report N°37, 2 March 2005 * "Hamas leader condemns Islamist charity blacklist". Reuters. 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  * Hider, James (2007-10-12). "Islamist leader hints at Hamas pull-out from Gaza". London: The Times Online. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  * The New Hamas: Between Resistance and Participation. Middle East Report. Graham Usher, August 21, 2005 * "Council on Foreign Relations". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved May 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About Hamas". Abcnews.go.com. 2006-01-06. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  5. ^ "Who are Hamas?". London: BBC News. January 26, 2006. 
  6. ^ "Country reports on terrorism 2005", United States Department of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. US Dept. of State Publication 11324. April 2006. p 196
  7. ^ "Currently listed entities". Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness. November 22, 2012. 
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference eu was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ "EU blacklists Hamas political wing". BBC News. September 11, 2003. 
  10. ^ If HAMAS is a Terrorist Organization, What Does That Make Israel? Intifada: The Voice of Palestine. July 11, 2010
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference fox1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ How to Confront Russia's Anti-American Foreign Policy The Heritage Foundation. June 27, 2007
  13. ^ Gaza flotilla: Turkey threat to Israel ties over raid BBC News. June 4, 2010
  14. ^ Interview aired by Dream2 TV on December 21, 2005
  15. ^ commons:File:Israeli civilians killed.svg