Portal:Arizona

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Arizona (Listeni/ɛrɪˈznə/; /ærɪˈznə/) (Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state of the United States, located in the southwestern region of the country. Arizona is also part of the Western United States and of the Mountain West states. Arizona is the sixth most extensive and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. The second largest city is Tucson, followed in population by eight cities of the Phoenix metropolitan area: Mesa, Glendale, Chandler, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Peoria, and Surprise.

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, having achieved statehood on February 14, 1912. Arizona is noted for its desert climate in its southern half, where there are very hot summers and quite mild winters. The northern half of Arizona also features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees, a very large, high plateau (the Colorado Plateau) and some mountain ranges—such as the San Francisco Mountains—as well as large, deep canyons, where there is much more moderate weather for three seasons of the year, plus significant snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Alpine. Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. Arizona has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and it has one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona has a 389-mile (626 km)-long international border with the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Arizona is one of the most populous landlocked states of the United States. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, several national forests, national parks, and national monuments are located in Arizona. About one-quarter of Arizona is federal land that serves as the home of the Navajo Nation; the Hopi tribe; the Tohono O'odham; the Apache tribe; the Yaqui peoples; and various Yuman tribes, such as the Yavapai people, the Quechan people, and the Hualapai people.

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A storm rolls over the Virgin River Gorge
Interstate 15 (I-15), a transcontinental Interstate Highway from San Diego, California to the Canadian border, passes through Mohave County in the far northwest corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. Despite its length of 29.43 miles (47.36 km) and isolation from the rest of the state in the remote Arizona Strip, it is notable for the scenic section through the Virgin River Gorge. The highway heads in a northeasterly direction from the Nevada border northeast of Mesquite, Nevada to the Utah border southwest of St. George, Utah.The southern portion of the routing of I-15 was built close to the alignment of the old U.S. Route 91 (US 91), but the northern section through the Virgin River Gorge was built along an alignment that had not had a road previously. The southern section of the highway was complete and opened in the early 1960s, while the section through the gorge did not open to traffic until 1973. When it opened, the portion of I-15 through the Virgin River Gorge was the most expensive section of rural Interstate per mile.

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Canyon de Chelly
Credit: Edward S. Curtis

This photograph of Canyon de Chelly, showing 'seven riders on horseback and dog', is one of his most celebrated images from The North American Indian.Canyon de Chelly is a National Park located in northeast Arizona, United States. Founded April 1, 1931, it preserves artifacts of the early Southwest Indian tribes that lived in the area, including the Navajo. The cliffs of the canyon are pockmarked with hand carved caves — the ruins of former villages.

Did you know...

Did you know?




  • ...that the southern side of Mount Elden (pictured) in the state of Arizona was left almost entirely devoid of vegetation after a 4600-acre wildfire ran through the area in June 1977?



  • ... that despite witnessing the event from the bench, Arizona Territorial Chief Justice John Titus declined to bring charges against a prosecutor who tried to kill a criminal defendant in open court?

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Ed Hochuli
Edward G. Hochuli is an attorney for the firm of Jones, Skelton & Hochuli, P.L.C. since 1983 and better known as an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) since the 1990 NFL season. Prior to his officiating career, he played college football for four seasons at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP).Hochuli is regarded as one of the most respected officials in the NFL for working numerous playoff games, two Super Bowls, as well as for his athletic physique and explanations on the football field. Beginning his sixteenth year as referee with the 2007 NFL season, Hochuli's officiating crew consists of Chad Brown, Mark Hittner, Tom Symonette, Tom Sifferman, Don Carlsen, and Scott Helverson.Hochuli was born on December 25, 1950 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, but was raised in Tucson, Arizona as a child. During his childhood, he attended and later graduated from Canyon del Oro High School in the Tucson suburb of Oro Valley, Arizona in 1969.During his high school years, he had in interest in sports as he participated in football (earning all-state honors twice), basketball, wrestling, and track.

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