Portal:Arkansas

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Arkansas (/ˈɑrknˌsɑː/ are-can-saw) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Arkansas was admitted to the Union on 15 June 1836 becoming the 25th US state. On 6 May 1861, the state seceded and was the tenth state to join the Confederate States of America. Arkansas shares a border with six states, with its eastern border largely defined by the Mississippi River. Its diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River. The capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state.

With the exception of Hawaii, Arkansas is the smallest state entirely west of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River forms most of Arkansas's eastern border, except in Clay and Greene counties where the St. Francis River forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel, and in dozens of places where the current channel of the Mississippi has meandered from where it had last been legally specified. Arkansas shares its southern border with Louisiana, its northern border with Missouri, its eastern border with Tennessee and Mississippi, and its western border with Texas and Oklahoma.

Arkansas is a land of mountains and valleys, thick forests and fertile plains. Northwest Arkansas is part of the Ozark Plateau including the Boston Mountains, to the south are the Ouachita Mountains and these regions are divided by the Arkansas River; the southern and eastern parts of Arkansas are called the Lowlands. All of these mountains ranges are part of the U.S. Interior Highlands region, the only major mountainous region between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains. The highest point in the state is Mount Magazine in the Ouachita Mountains; it rises to 2,753 feet above sea level.

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Monte Ne is an area in the Ozark hills of the White River valley east of Rogers on the edge of Beaver Lake in the U.S. State of Arkansas. From 1901 until the mid-1930s the area was a health resort and ambitious planned community. It was owned and operated by William Hope Harvey, a financial theorist and one time U.S. Presidential nominee. Two of its hotels, "Missouri Row" and "Oklahoma Row", were the largest log buildings in the world.[1] Oklahoma Row's "tower section" is one of the earliest examples of a multi-story cement structure.[1] The tower is the only structure of Monte Ne still standing. Monte Ne introduced the first indoor swimming pool in Arkansas,[2] and was also the site of the only presidential convention ever held in Arkansas.[3]

The Monte Ne resort was not a financial success, due in part to Harvey's management style. All ventures associated with Harvey's original Monte Ne concept were either never completed or experienced bankruptcy, and shortly after his death the property was sold off in lots. The remainder of the resort and town was almost completely submerged after Beaver Lake was created in 1964. All that remains today are foundations and one severely vandalized structure. The area on the edge of Beaver Lake that is still referred to as Monte Ne, is owned and managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers and serves mainly as a boat ramp. (more ...)

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Little Rock integration protest.jpg
A rally at the state capitol of Arkansas in Little Rock, in the year 1959, protesting the race integration of Little Rock Central High School.

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Maya Angelou (/ˈm.ə ˈænəl/; born Marguerite Ann Johnson on April 4, 1928) is an American autobiographer and poet who has been called "America's most visible black female autobiographer" by scholar Joanne M. Braxton. She is best known for her series of six autobiographical volumes, which focus on her childhood and early adulthood experiences. The first, best-known, and most highly acclaimed, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969), focuses on the first seventeen years of her life, brought her international recognition, and was nominated for a National Book Award. Angelou has been highly honored for her body of work, including being awarded over 30 honorary degrees and the nomination of a Pulitzer Prize for her 1971 volume of poetry, Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water 'fore I Diiie.

Angelou was a member of the Harlem Writers Guild in the late 1950s, was active in the Civil Rights movement, and served as Northern Coordinator of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Since 1991, Angelou has taught at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, as recipient of the first lifetime Reynolds Professorship of American Studies. Since the 1990s she has made around eighty appearances a year on the lecture circuit. In 1993, she recited her poem "On the Pulse of Morning" at President Bill Clinton's inauguration, the first poet to make an inaugural recitation since Robert Frost at John F. Kennedy's inauguration in 1961. In 1995, she was recognized for having the longest-running record (two years) on The New York Times Paperback Nonfiction Bestseller List.

With the publication of I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, Angelou was heralded as a new kind of memoirist, one of the first African American women who was able to publicly discuss her personal life. She became recognized and highly respected as a spokesperson for black people and women. Angelou's work is often characterized as autobiographical fiction. Angelou has, however, made a deliberate attempt through her work to challenge the common structure of the autobiography by critiquing, changing, and expanding the genre. Her books, centered on themes such as identity, family, and racism, are often used as set texts in schools and universities internationally. Some of her more controversial work has been challenged or banned in US schools and libraries. (more ...)

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Hope is a small city in Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 10,467. The city is the county seat of Hempstead County.

It is notable primarily as the birthplace of the 42nd President of the United States, Bill Clinton (see Bill Clinton Birthplace). At the 1992 Democratic National Convention, Clinton ended his acceptance speech by saying, "I still believe in a place called Hope" The city tagged this statement as their unofficial motto. The city converted its railroad depot to a museum featuring the life and accomplishments of President Clinton.

Hope is also the birthplace of the former governor of Arkansas and former 2008 Republican presidential candidate, Mike Huckabee; former White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty; attorney Vince Foster; Representative Mike Ross; former Louisville, Kentucky mayor David L. Armstrong; former Arkansas Secretary of State Kelly Bryant (1908-1975), PGA Tour golfer Ken Duke and actress Melinda Dillon. Country Music Hall of Fame singer Patsy Montana attended schools in Hope. A former Michigan congressman, Robert James Huber, is buried in Hope, but he did not live there. It was the hometown of his wife, the former Mary Pauline "Polly" Tolleson, a graduate of Hope High School. Also, Hope is home to a few African-American figures such as Henry C. Yerger, who established a school for African-American students in 1895. (more...)

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  1. ^ a b Lord, 49
  2. ^ Lord, 52
  3. ^ Lord, 94