Portal:Battleships

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Battleships Portal

Shortcut:

The battleship USS IOWA (BB-61) firing its Mark 7 16-inch/50-caliber guns off the starboard side during a fire power demonstration.

A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns. As they were the largest, best-armed and most heavily armored ships in a fleet, battleships were used to attain command of the sea and represented the apex of a nation's naval power from the late nineteenth century until World War II. With the rise of air power, notably aircraft carriers, battleships were no longer able to establish naval superiority, and so all have been withdrawn from active service. The related battlecruiser, a successor to the armored cruiser, shared the very large main armament, general size, and cost of a battleship of the same generation, but they traded armor or firepower for higher speed.

Battleship design evolved to incorporate and adapt technological advances to maintain an edge. The word battleship was coined around 1794 as a contraction of the phrase line-of-battle ship, the dominant wooden warship during the Age of Sail. It came into formal use in the late 1880s to describe a type of ironclad warship, but these are now referred to as "pre-dreadnoughts". In 1906, the launch of HMS Dreadnought heralded a revolution in battleship design. Later designs that were influenced by this ship were referred to as "dreadnoughts". Battlecruisers were developed around this time by the British First Sea Lord Jackie Fisher. They were envisioned as being more effective armored cruisers, able to destroy any normal cruiser while being able to outrun any ships capable of sinking them.

By 1910, so-called "super-dreadnoughts" were entering service. In the four years between Dreadnought and the first super-dreadnoughts, the Orion class, displacement had increased by 25% and weight of broadside had doubled. Many battlecruisers and battleships of all varieties served in the First World War, most notably in the Battle of Jutland. None were built between the Nelsons of the early 1920s and the Dunkerques of the early 1930s due to various treaties, but quite a few battleships were constructed shortly before or during World War II. The last, HMS Vanguard, was commissioned just after the war, in 1946.

From this time on, most battleships and all battlecruisers were decommissioned and broken up. France's Jean Bart and Turkey's Yavuz were the last to be scrapped. However, members of the American Iowa class lasted until 1992 to aid troops with fire support; four were deployed in Korea, one in Vietnam, and two to Iraq. Nine battleships exist today as museum ships; eight from the United States, and Japan's Mikasa. (more...)


Selected article

Radetzky sits at rest at an unknown point in her career

SMS Radetzky was the lead ship of the three Radetzky class of pre-dreadnought battleships (Schlachtschiff) of the Austro-Hungarian Navy (K.u.K. Kriegsmarine), named for the 19th century Austrian Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky von Radetz. Radetzky and her sisters, Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand and Zrinyi, were the last pre-dreadnoughts built by the Austro-Hungarian Navy—they were followed by the larger and significantly more powerful Tegetthoff class dreadnoughts. Radetzky was built at the Stabilimento Tecnico in Trieste and commissioned into the fleet on 15 January 1911. The ship conducted training cruises in the Mediterranean Sea before the outbreak of World War I in mid-1914. During the war, Radetzky operated largely as a fleet in being alongside her two sisters and the four Tegetthoffs; in doing so, the ships tied down considerable naval forces from the Triple Entente. Radetzky did participate in some offensive operations, primarily shore bombardments in the Adriatic Sea against French, Montenegrin, and Italian targets. With the war going against the Austro-Hungarians by the end of 1918, Radetzky was prepared to be transferred to Yugoslavia. On November 10, 1918—just one day before the end of the war—Yugoslav navy officers sailed the old battleship out of Pola and eventually surrendered to a squadron of American submarine chasers. In the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the transfer was not recognized; instead, Radetzky was given to Italy and broken up for scrap.

Selected biography

photograph of Evans in dress uniform, seated, holding an officer's sword

Robley Dunglison "Fighting Bob" Evans (18 August 1846 – 3 January 1912) was a Rear admiral of the United States Navy, noted for his conduct for the Union Navy and command of the Great White Fleet. Entering the United States Naval Academy in 1860, he was ordered to duty in 1863 due to the American Civil War. He earned acclaim leading a landing force of United States Marines at the Second Battle of Fort Fisher on 15 January, 1865, threatening to kill any man who amputated his wounded leg. Defusing a tense situation with Chile while commanding USS Yorktown in 1892, he earned his nickname and would command the first American battleship: USS Indiana three years later.

Evans would also command USS Iowa at the Battle of Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish–American War and presided over the Board of Inspection and Survey. After hosting Prince Heinrich of Prussia aboard USS Illinois in 1902, he commanded the Asiatic Fleet from his flagship USS Kentucky and North Atlantic Fleet from Maine. USS Connecticut served as his flagship as he led the Great White Fleet from Hampton Roads on 16 April, 1907, through the Atlantic Ocean and Strait of Magellan, until he was relieved of command on 9 May, 1908 at San Francisco due to ill health. The destroyers USS Evans (DD-78) and USS Evans (DD-552) were named for him.

Read more about Robley Dunglison Evans • Archives

Categories

Selected picture

The Japanese battleship Tosa at Nagasaki on 31 July 1922. Designed by Yuzuru Hiraga, Tosa was envisioned as the lead ship of a class of two 39,900-long-ton (40,540 t) ships, but she was canceled the day before Japan signed the Washington Naval Treaty. Tosa was then used for various ordnance tests before being scuttled on 9 February 1925.
Credit: Shizuo Fukui / Kure Maritime Museum

The Japanese battleship Tosa at Nagasaki on 31 July 1922. Designed by Yuzuru Hiraga, Tosa was envisioned as the lead ship of a class of two 39,900-long-ton (40,540 t) ships, but she was canceled the day before Japan signed the Washington Naval Treaty. Tosa was then used for various ordnance tests before being scuttled on 9 February 1925.

Did you know?

Selected quote

Related WikiProjects

Quality content

Featured topics

Battlecruisers of GermanyBayern class battleshipsIndefatigable class battlecruisersIowa class battleshipsKönig class battleshipsRivadavia class battleshipsTosa class battleshipsYamato class battleships

Featured articles

Almirante Latorre-class battleshipAmagi-class battlecruiserAlaska-class cruiserARA MorenoARA RivadaviaArmament of the Iowa class battleshipBattle of MidwayBattle of the Eastern SolomonsBattle of the Santa Cruz IslandsBattleshipBayern-class battleshipBrazilian battleship Minas GeraesBrazilian battleship São PauloChilean battleship Almirante LatorreCourageous-class battlecruiserDerfflinger-class battlecruiserDesign 1047 battlecruiserDreadnoughtDutch 1913 battleship proposalErnst LindemannFred MoosallyHMAS Australia (1911)HMS Eagle (1918)HMS Indefatigable (1909)HMS Lion (1910)HMS Royal Oak (08)Helgoland-class battleshipIndiana-class battleshipJapanese aircraft carrier AkagiJapanese aircraft carrier KagaJapanese battleship HarunaJapanese battleship TosaJapanese battleship YamatoKaiser-class battleshipKönig-class battleshipMinas Geraes-class battleshipMoltke-class battlecruiserMontana-class battleshipNassau-class battleshipNaval Battle of GuadalcanalNorth Carolina-class battleshipOperation Ten-GoPre-dreadnought battleshipRivadavia-class battleshipRussian battleship SlavaSMS Baden (1915)SMS Bayern (1915)SMS DerfflingerSMS Erzherzog Franz FerdinandSMS Friedrich der Grosse (1911)SMS GoebenSMS Grosser Kurfürst (1913)SMS HelgolandSMS HindenburgSMS KönigSMS Kronprinz (1914)SMS LützowSMS MarkgrafSMS Moltke (1910)SMS RheinlandSMS SeydlitzSMS Von der TannSMS WestfalenSovetsky Soyuz-class battleshipSouth American dreadnought raceUSS Connecticut (BB-18)USS Illinois (BB-65)USS Indiana (BB-1)USS Iowa (BB-61)USS Iowa turret explosionUSS Kentucky (BB-66)USS Massachusetts (BB-2)USS Missouri (BB-63)USS Nevada (BB-36)USS New Jersey (BB-62)USS Wisconsin (BB-64)Yamato-class battleship

Featured lists

List of battlecruisers of GermanyList of battlecruisers of JapanList of battlecruisers of RussiaList of battlecruisers of the Royal NavyList of battleships of Austria-HungaryList of battleships of GermanyList of battleships of the Ottoman Empire

A-Class articles

Borodino-class battlecruiserDesign A-150 battleshipDeutschland-class battleshipFlorida-class battleshipFusō-class battleshipGerman battleship TirpitzHMS Courageous (50)HMS Hood (51)HMS New Zealand (1911)HMS Princess Royal (1911)HMS Queen MaryJapanese battleship HieiJapanese battleship KirishimaJapanese battleship KongōJapanese battleship MusashiKongō-class battlecruiserLexington-class battlecruiserRussian battleship RostislavRussian battleship Sevastopol (1895)SMS Deutschland (1904)SMS HannoverSMS Kaiser (1911)SMS KaiserinSMS Kurfürst Friedrich WilhelmSMS NassauSMS OstfrieslandSMS PosenTosa-class battleshipUSS Hawaii (CB-3)USS Texas (BB-35)United States Naval Gunfire Support debate

Good topics

Battlecruisers of RussiaBattlecruisers of the Royal NavyBattleships of Austria-HungaryBattleships of GermanyCourageous class battlecruisers and aircraft carriersEkaterina II class battleshipsEvstafi class battleshipsGangut class battleshipsImperator Aleksandr II class battleshipsImperatritsa Mariya class battleshipsKongō class battlecruisers

Good articles

28 cm SK L/40 gun30.5 cm SK L/50 gunAdmiral class battlecruiserBL 18 inch Mk I naval gunBismarck-class battleshipBrandenburg-class battleshipBraunschweig-class battleshipBretagne-class battleshipColorado-class battleshipCourbet-class battleshipDelaware-class battleshipDesign B-65 cruiserEkaterina II-class battleshipErsatz Monarch-class battleshipErsatz Yorck-class battlecruiserErzherzog Karl-class battleshipEvstafi-class battleshipFranz von HipperFrench battleship Courbet (1911)French battleship DunkerqueFrench battleship FranceFrench battleship Iéna (1898)French battleship JauréguiberryFrench battleship Jean Bart (1911)French battleship ParisFrench battleship SuffrenG3 battlecruiserGangut-class battleshipGerman battleship GneisenauGerman battleship ScharnhorstGreek battleship KilkisGreek battleship LemnosGreek battleship SalamisH class battleship proposalsHabsburg-class battleshipHigh Seas FleetHMS Agamemnon (1906)HMS Agincourt (1913)HMS Anson (79)HMS Dreadnought (1906)HMS Eagle (1918)HMS Furious (47)HMS GloriousHMS Howe (32)HMS Indomitable (1907)HMS Inflexible (1907)HMS Invincible (1907)HMS King George V (41)HMS Lord Nelson (1906)HMS Renown (1916)HMS Repulse (1916)HMS Royal Sovereign (05)HMS Swiftsure (1903)HMS Tiger (1913)HMS Triumph (1903)HMS Vanguard (23)Imperator Aleksandr II-class battleshipImperatritsa Mariya-class battleshipIndefatigable-class battlecruiserInvincible-class battlecruiserIowa-class battleshipIron Duke-class battleshipItalian battleship Roma (1940)Japanese aircraft carrier ShinanoKaiser Friedrich III-class battleshipKronshtadt-class battlecruiserL 20 α class battleshipLion-class battlecruiserLion-class battleshipLittorio-class battleshipMackensen-class battlecruiserMississippi-class battleshipO-class battlecruiserOperation KitaRadetzky-class battleshipReinhard ScheerRenown-class battlecruiserRussian battleship Andrei PervozvannyRussian battleship Chesma (1886)Russian battleship Dvenadsat ApostolovRussian battleship Ekaterina IIRussian battleship EvstafiRussian battleship Gangut (1911)Russian battleship Georgii PobedonosetsRussian battleship Imperator Aleksandr IIRussian battleship Imperator Aleksandr IIIRussian battleship Imperator Nikolai IRussian battleship Imperator Nikolai I (1916)Russian battleship Imperator Pavel IRussian battleship Imperatritsa Ekaterina VelikayaRussian battleship Imperatritsa MariyaRussian battleship Ioann ZlatoustRussian battleship Petropavlovsk (1897)Russian battleship Petropavlovsk (1911)Russian battleship Poltava (1894)Russian battleship Poltava (1911)Russian battleship RetvizanRussian battleship Sevastopol (1911)Russian battleship SinopRussian battleship Tri SviatiteliaScharnhorst-class battleshipSMS ÁrpádSMS BabenburgSMS BrandenburgSMS BraunschweigSMS ElsassSMS Erzherzog Ferdinand MaxSMS Erzherzog FriedrichSMS Erzherzog KarlSMS HabsburgSMS HessenSMS Kaiser BarbarossaSMS Kaiser Friedrich IIISMS Kaiser Karl der GrosseSMS Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseSMS Kaiser Wilhelm IISMS LothringenSMS MecklenburgSMS Oldenburg (1910)SMS PommernSMS Preussen (1903)SMS Prinz EugenSMS Prinzregent LuitpoldSMS RadetzkySMS SchlesienSMS Schleswig-HolsteinSMS SchwabenSMS Szent IstvánSMS TegetthoffSMS ThüringenSMS Viribus UnitisSMS WeissenburgSMS WettinSMS WittelsbachSMS WörthSMS ZähringenSMS ZrínyiScuttling of the German fleet in Scapa FlowSouth Dakota class battleship (1939)Stalingrad-class battlecruiserSwiftsure-class battleshipTegetthoff-class battleshipUnited States Battleship Division Nine (World War I)USS Alaska (CB-1)USS Guam (CB-2)USS Lexington (CV-2)USS Massachusetts (BB-59)USS Texas (1892)USS Missouri grounding incidentWittelsbach-class battleship

How can I help?

Operation Majestic Titan is the code name for a long-term Wikipedian project with two primary objectives, the first of which is to create the single largest featured topic on Wikipedia, centered around the battleships considered, planned, built, operated, canceled, or otherwise recorded. There are probably a few hundred articles of this nature which will be included, from the earliest pre-dreadnoughts to the last of the dreadnoughts. Once all articles are featured this project will reorient to ensuring that the articles remain up to standard. If you're interested, please view the project page to familiarize yourself with the guidelines, and simply pick an article to improve! There is also ongoing discussion you can participate in.

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

Battleships on Wikinews     Battleships on Wikiquote     Battleships on Wikibooks     Battleships on Wiktionary     Battleships on Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Definitions Images
Wikinews-logo.svg
Wikiquote-logo.svg
Wikibooks-logo.svg
Wiktionary-logo-en.svg
Commons-logo.svg