Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (née Knowles; born September 4, 1981), known mononymously as Beyoncé (// bee-YON-say), is an American singer and actress. Born and raised in Houston, Texas, she performed in various singing and dancing competitions as a child, and rose to fame in the late 1990s as lead singer of R&B girl-group Destiny's Child. Managed by her father Mathew Knowles, the group became one of the world's best-selling girl groups of all time. Their hiatus saw the release of Beyoncé's debut album, Dangerously in Love (2003), which established her as a solo artist worldwide; it sold 11 million copies, earned five Grammy Awards and featured the Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles "Crazy in Love" and "Baby Boy".
Following the disbandment of Destiny's Child in June 2005, she released her second solo album, B'Day (2006), which contained hits "Déjà Vu", "Irreplaceable", and "Beautiful Liar". Beyoncé also ventured into acting, with a Golden Globe-nominated performance in Dreamgirls (2006), and starring roles in The Pink Panther (2006) and Obsessed (2009). Her marriage to rapper Jay-Z and portrayal of Etta James in Cadillac Records (2008) influenced her third album, I Am... Sasha Fierce (2008), which saw the birth of her alter-ego Sasha Fierce and earned a record-setting six Grammy Awards in 2010, including Song of the Year for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)". Beyoncé took a hiatus from music in 2010 and took over management of her career; her fourth album 4 (2011) was subsequently mellower in tone, exploring 1970s funk, 1980s pop, and 1990s soul. Her fifth studio album, Beyoncé (2013), was critically acclaimed and was distinguished from previous releases by its experimental production and exploration of darker themes.
A self-described "modern-day feminist", her songs are often characterized by themes of love, relationships, and monogamy, as well as female sexuality and empowerment. On stage, her dynamic, highly choreographed performances have led to critics hailing her as one of the best entertainers in contemporary popular music. Throughout a career spanning 17 years, she has won 17 Grammy Awards and sold over 75 million records as a solo artist, and a further 60 million with Destiny's Child, making her one of the best-selling music artists of all time. The Recording Industry Association of America recognized Beyoncé as the Top Certified Artist in America during the 2000s decade. In 2009, Billboard named her the Top Radio Songs Artist of the Decade, the Top Female Artist of the 2000s and their Artist of the Millennium in 2011. In 2014, she ranked atop of Forbes ' Celebrity 100 and became the highest-paid black musician in history. She was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2013 and 2014.
I Am… Tour is the third concert tour by American singer–songwriter Beyoncé, in support of her third studio album, I Am… Sasha Fierce. The tour visits the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. In October 2008, Billboard magazine reported that Knowles would go on tour in the spring of 2009 to support her third studio album, I Am… Sasha Fierce. The tour dates for the European leg were released in December 2008. During an interview with Entertainment Weekly, Knowles stated: "I've been working on this tour for eight months [...] I've been rehearsing and trying to make sure I put my set list together. Right now I'm anxious and I can't sleep -- I'll be wanting to be at rehearsal. That's the only thing I can think about. But I can't wait." The tour kicked off in late-March 2009 with five rehearsal shows in North America. The tour officially commenced in late April 2009, at Arena Zagreb in Croatia. Due to the phenomenal demand, Sony Music announced Knowles will add additional dates in England, Asia and South America. In 2009, the tour was nominated for "Eventful Fans' Choice Award" at the 6th Annual Billboard Touring Awards.
I Am... World Tour is a live DVD/CD concert film by American R&B recording artist Beyoncé. Knowles produced, directed and edited the concert film for her own production company Parkwood Pictures. The DVD was filmed in presence of more than a million fans during her worldwide I Am... World Tour, running from March 2009 through February 2010, in support of her third studio album, I Am... Sasha Fierce (2008). The DVD release is a combination of performances from the tour, including guest appearances from Jay-Z and Kanye West, as well as backstage moments. Knowles explained that the idea of filming her worldwide performances came when she realised that she was feeling lonely. She edited the DVD for nine months and it serves as her directorial debut.
The DVD was released in three separate editions; standard, deluxe and Blu-ray. In the United States, the standard edition was only made available exclusively at Wal-Mart on November 26, 2010. The deluxe edition was released in several countries around the world on the same date. The Blu-ray edition was released from December 3, 2010 in a list of selected countries only. She promoted it by appearing on several shows, including ABC's Nightline and by holding a screening of her DVD in New York, in presence of several fans and artists on November 21, 2010. Prior to the release, numerous trailers kept dropping on Knowles' official website in November. I Am... World Tour premiered exclusively on ABC on November 25, 2010 as a 90-minute Thanksgiving special.
Upon the release of the DVD, it received mixed to positive reviews from music critics who generally praised the high-energy performances of the song as well as Knowles' vocals. I Am... World Tour debuted at number one on the Billboard Music DVD Chart, giving Knowles her second consecutive number one DVD in the United States. It was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. The DVD was also successful worldwide, peaking inside the top ten on the DVD charts in every country after its release. It became the best-selling music DVD of 2010 in the world and seventh best-selling of 2011. I Am... World Tour was nominated in the category for Best Long Form Music Video at the 54th Grammy Awards.
"Baby Boy" is song recorded by American R&B singer Beyoncé, and features Jamaican reggae rapper Sean Paul. The track was produced by Scott Storch for Knowles' debut studio album, Dangerously in Love (2003). The song was written by Knowles, Storch, Paul, Robert Waller and Jay-Z. After having been officially sent to US radios on August 3, 2003, the song was released physically as from October 7, 2003 as the second single from the album through Columbia Records.
"Baby Boy" is an R&B–reggae song whose lyrics detail a woman's fantasies, and in keeping with the album's overall theme, Knowles' deemed them as personal to her. The song was considered to be a sequel to Knowles' 2002 collaboration with Jay-Z on "'03 Bonnie & Clyde". Upon its release, "Baby Boy" was critically lauded. Music critics generally complimented the incorporation of Indian and Middle Eastern music styles in the song. Some of them also cited the melding dancehall influences with the main genres of the single and considered Knowles' collaboration with Paul as one of the best on the album.
"Baby Boy" was a commercial success, and topped the US Billboard Hot 100 chart for nine consecutive weeks. It was certified platinum in the US, and was Knowles' longest-running solo number-one single until "Irreplaceable" (2007), which topped for ten consecutive weeks. "Baby Boy" performed well internationally, reaching the top ten in many countries, including Australia, Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealamd, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland as well as the United Kingdom and achieving platinum status in Australia and New Zealand.
The song's accompanying music video was directed by Jake Nava, who also shot Knowles' "Crazy in Love" video. The video mostly shows Knowles dancing in various locations. "Baby Boy" has remained a staple of Knowles' concert set list. The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) recognized it at the 2005 Pop Music Awards, as one of the most performed songs of the year. In 2005, US singer-songwriter Jennifer Armour filed a copyright infringement lawsuit claiming that Knowles had used the primary musical hook from her song "Got a Little Bit of Love for You". It was settled in favor of Knowles.
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